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Title: Stimulated emission of Cooper pairs in a high-temperature cuprate superconductor

Abstract

The concept of stimulated emission of bosons has played an important role in modern science and technology, and constitutes the working principle for lasers. In a stimulated emission process, an incoming photon enhances the probability that an excited atomic state will transition to a lower energy state and generate a second photon of the same energy. It is expected, but not experimentally shown, that stimulated emission contributes significantly to the zero resistance current in a superconductor by enhancing the probability that scattered Cooper pairs will return to the macroscopically occupied condensate instead of entering any other state. Here, we use time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to study the initial rise of the non-equilibrium quasiparticle population in a Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8+δ cuprate superconductor induced by an ultrashort laser pulse. Our finding reveals significantly slower buildup of quasiparticles in the superconducting state than in the normal state. The slower buildup only occurs when the pump pulse is too weak to deplete the superconducting condensate, and for cuts inside the Fermi arc region. We propose this is a manifestation of stimulated recombination of broken Cooper pairs, and signals an important momentum space dichotomy in the formation of Coopermore » pairs inside and outside the Fermi arc region.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Science Division; Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Science Division; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  3. National Inst. of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba (Japan)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Science Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1379416
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; superconducting properties and materials; ultrafast photonics

Citation Formats

Zhang, Wentao, Miller, Tristan, Smallwood, Christopher L., Yoshida, Yoshiyuki, Eisaki, Hiroshi, Kaindl, R. A., Lee, Dung-Hai, and Lanzara, Alessandra. Stimulated emission of Cooper pairs in a high-temperature cuprate superconductor. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/srep29100.
Zhang, Wentao, Miller, Tristan, Smallwood, Christopher L., Yoshida, Yoshiyuki, Eisaki, Hiroshi, Kaindl, R. A., Lee, Dung-Hai, & Lanzara, Alessandra. Stimulated emission of Cooper pairs in a high-temperature cuprate superconductor. United States. doi:10.1038/srep29100.
Zhang, Wentao, Miller, Tristan, Smallwood, Christopher L., Yoshida, Yoshiyuki, Eisaki, Hiroshi, Kaindl, R. A., Lee, Dung-Hai, and Lanzara, Alessandra. Fri . "Stimulated emission of Cooper pairs in a high-temperature cuprate superconductor". United States. doi:10.1038/srep29100. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1379416.
@article{osti_1379416,
title = {Stimulated emission of Cooper pairs in a high-temperature cuprate superconductor},
author = {Zhang, Wentao and Miller, Tristan and Smallwood, Christopher L. and Yoshida, Yoshiyuki and Eisaki, Hiroshi and Kaindl, R. A. and Lee, Dung-Hai and Lanzara, Alessandra},
abstractNote = {The concept of stimulated emission of bosons has played an important role in modern science and technology, and constitutes the working principle for lasers. In a stimulated emission process, an incoming photon enhances the probability that an excited atomic state will transition to a lower energy state and generate a second photon of the same energy. It is expected, but not experimentally shown, that stimulated emission contributes significantly to the zero resistance current in a superconductor by enhancing the probability that scattered Cooper pairs will return to the macroscopically occupied condensate instead of entering any other state. Here, we use time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to study the initial rise of the non-equilibrium quasiparticle population in a Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8+δ cuprate superconductor induced by an ultrashort laser pulse. Our finding reveals significantly slower buildup of quasiparticles in the superconducting state than in the normal state. The slower buildup only occurs when the pump pulse is too weak to deplete the superconducting condensate, and for cuts inside the Fermi arc region. We propose this is a manifestation of stimulated recombination of broken Cooper pairs, and signals an important momentum space dichotomy in the formation of Cooper pairs inside and outside the Fermi arc region.},
doi = {10.1038/srep29100},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

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Cited by: 3 works
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Works referenced in this record:

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Nonequilibrium electron and lattice dynamics of strongly correlated Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8+δ single crystals
    journal, April 2018

    • Konstantinova, Tatiana; Rameau, Jonathan D.; Reid, Alexander H.
    • Science Advances, Vol. 4, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aap7427

    Nonequilibrium electron and lattice dynamics of strongly correlated Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8+δ single crystals
    journal, April 2018

    • Konstantinova, Tatiana; Rameau, Jonathan D.; Reid, Alexander H.
    • Science Advances, Vol. 4, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aap7427