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Title: Production of Furfural from Process-Relevant Biomass-Derived Pentoses in a Biphasic Reaction System

Furfural is an important fuel precursor which can be converted to hydrocarbon fuels and fuel intermediates. In this work, the production of furfural by dehydration of process-relevant pentose rich corn stover hydrolyzate using a biphasic batch reaction system has been investigated. Methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) and toluene have been used to extract furfural and enhance overall furfural yield by limiting its degradation to humins. The effects of reaction time, temperature, and acid concentration (H 2SO 4) on pentose conversion and furfural yield were investigated. For the dehydration of 8 wt % pentose-rich corn stover hydrolyzate under optimum reaction conditions, 0.05 M H 2SO 4, 170 degrees C for 20 min with MIBK as the solvent, complete conversion of xylose (98-100%) and a furfural yield of 80% were obtained. Under these same conditions, except with toluene as the solvent, the furfural yield was 77%. Additionally, dehydration of process-relevant pentose rich corn stover hydrolyzate using solid acid ion-exchange resins under optimum reaction conditions has shown that Purolite CT275 is as effective as H 2SO 4 for obtaining furfural yields approaching 80% using a biphasic batch reaction system. In conclusion, this work has demonstrated that a biphasic reaction system can be used tomore » process biomass-derived pentose rich sugar hydrolyzates to furfural in yields approaching 80%.« less
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2168-0485
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2168-0485
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
09 BIOMASS FUELS; biofuels; biphasic; dehydration; furfural; pentose; xylose
OSTI Identifier: