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Title: The Remarkable Similarity of Massive Galaxy Clusters from z ~ 0 to z ~ 1.9

We present the results of a Chandra X-ray survey of the 8 most massive galaxy clusters at z>1.2 in the South Pole Telescope 2500 deg^2 survey. We combine this sample with previously-published Chandra observations of 49 massive X-ray-selected clusters at 00.2R500 scaling like E(z)^2. In the centers of clusters (r<0.1R500), we find significant deviations from self similarity (n_e ~ E(z)^{0.1+/-0.5}), consistent with no redshift dependence. When we isolate clusters with over-dense cores (i.e., cool cores), we find that the average over-density profile has not evolved with redshift -- that is, cool cores have not changed in size, density, or total mass over the past ~9-10 Gyr. We show that the evolving "cuspiness" of clusters in the X-ray, reported by several previous studies, can be understood in the context of a cool core with fixed properties embedded in a self similarly-evolving cluster. We find no measurable evolution in the X-ray morphology of massive clusters, seemingly in tension with the rapidly-rising (with redshift) rate of major mergers predicted by cosmological simulations. We show that these two results can be brought into agreement if we assume that the relaxation time after a merger is proportional to the crossing time, since the latter ismore » proportional to H(z)^(-1).« less
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-072-AE; arXiv:1702.05094
Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357; 1514000
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359; AC02-76SF00515; AC02-06CH11357
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 843; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); National Science Foundation (NSF); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
Contributing Orgs:
Country of Publication:
United States
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium; galaxies: high-redshift; X-rays: galaxies: clusters
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1352199; OSTI ID: 1373896