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Title: An integrated assessment of location-dependent scaling for microalgae biofuel production facilities

Successful development of a large-scale microalgae-based biofuels industry requires comprehensive analysis and understanding of the feedstock supply chain—from facility siting and design through processing and upgrading of the feedstock to a fuel product. The evolution from pilot-scale production facilities to energy-scale operations presents many multi-disciplinary challenges, including a sustainable supply of water and nutrients, operational and infrastructure logistics, and economic competitiveness with petroleum-based fuels. These challenges are partially addressed by applying the Integrated Assessment Framework (IAF) – an integrated multi-scale modeling, analysis, and data management suite – to address key issues in developing and operating an open-pond microalgae production facility. This is done by analyzing how variability and uncertainty over space and through time affect feedstock production rates, and determining the site-specific “optimum” facility scale to minimize capital and operational expenses. This approach explicitly and systematically assesses the interdependence of biofuel production potential, associated resource requirements, and production system design trade-offs. To provide a baseline analysis, the IAF was applied in this paper to a set of sites in the southeastern U.S. with the potential to cumulatively produce 5 billion gallons per year. Finally, the results indicate costs can be reduced by scaling downstream processing capabilities to fit site-specific growingmore » conditions, available and economically viable resources, and specific microalgal strains.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-14-33242
Journal ID: ISSN 2211-9264; PII: S2211926414000514
Grant/Contract Number:
AC07-05ID14517; AC05-76RL01830
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Algal Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-9264
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; microalgae; biofuels; techno-economic analysis; resource assessment; scaling; process design
OSTI Identifier:
1367852

Coleman, André M., Abodeely, Jared M., Skaggs, Richard L., Moeglein, William A., Newby, Deborah T., Venteris, Erik R., and Wigmosta, Mark S.. An integrated assessment of location-dependent scaling for microalgae biofuel production facilities. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2014.05.008.
Coleman, André M., Abodeely, Jared M., Skaggs, Richard L., Moeglein, William A., Newby, Deborah T., Venteris, Erik R., & Wigmosta, Mark S.. An integrated assessment of location-dependent scaling for microalgae biofuel production facilities. United States. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2014.05.008.
Coleman, André M., Abodeely, Jared M., Skaggs, Richard L., Moeglein, William A., Newby, Deborah T., Venteris, Erik R., and Wigmosta, Mark S.. 2014. "An integrated assessment of location-dependent scaling for microalgae biofuel production facilities". United States. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2014.05.008. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1367852.
@article{osti_1367852,
title = {An integrated assessment of location-dependent scaling for microalgae biofuel production facilities},
author = {Coleman, André M. and Abodeely, Jared M. and Skaggs, Richard L. and Moeglein, William A. and Newby, Deborah T. and Venteris, Erik R. and Wigmosta, Mark S.},
abstractNote = {Successful development of a large-scale microalgae-based biofuels industry requires comprehensive analysis and understanding of the feedstock supply chain—from facility siting and design through processing and upgrading of the feedstock to a fuel product. The evolution from pilot-scale production facilities to energy-scale operations presents many multi-disciplinary challenges, including a sustainable supply of water and nutrients, operational and infrastructure logistics, and economic competitiveness with petroleum-based fuels. These challenges are partially addressed by applying the Integrated Assessment Framework (IAF) – an integrated multi-scale modeling, analysis, and data management suite – to address key issues in developing and operating an open-pond microalgae production facility. This is done by analyzing how variability and uncertainty over space and through time affect feedstock production rates, and determining the site-specific “optimum” facility scale to minimize capital and operational expenses. This approach explicitly and systematically assesses the interdependence of biofuel production potential, associated resource requirements, and production system design trade-offs. To provide a baseline analysis, the IAF was applied in this paper to a set of sites in the southeastern U.S. with the potential to cumulatively produce 5 billion gallons per year. Finally, the results indicate costs can be reduced by scaling downstream processing capabilities to fit site-specific growing conditions, available and economically viable resources, and specific microalgal strains.},
doi = {10.1016/j.algal.2014.05.008},
journal = {Algal Research},
number = ,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {6}
}