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Title: Initiation reactions in acetylene pyrolysis

In gas-phase combustion systems the interest in acetylene stems largely from its role in molecular weight growth processes. The consensus is that above 1500 K acetylene pyrolysis starts mainly with the homolytic fission of the C–H bond creating an ethynyl radical and an H atom. However, below ~1500 K this reaction is too slow to initiate the chain reaction. It has been hypothesized that instead of dissociation, self-reaction initiates this process. Nevertheless, rigorous theoretical or direct experimental evidence is lacking, to an extent that even the molecular mechanism is debated in the literature. In this work we use rigorous ab initio transition-state theory master equation methods to calculate pressure- and temperature-dependent rate coefficients for the association of two acetylene molecules and related reactions. We establish the role of vinylidene, the high-energy isomer of acetylene in this process, compare our results with available experimental data, and assess the competition between the first-order and second-order initiation steps. As a result, we also show the effect of the rapid isomerization among the participating wells and highlight the need for time-scale analysis when phenomenological rate coefficients are compared to observed time scales in certain experiments.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Grinnell College, Grinnell, IA (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-5238J
Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639; 653388
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. A, Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, and General Theory
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists (WDTS) (SC-27)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1367347
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1373597