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Title: Structure and mechanical properties of improved cast stainless steels for nuclear applications

Casting of stainless steels is a promising and cost saving way of directly producing large and complex structures, such a shield modules or divertors for the ITER. Here, a series of modified high-nitrogen cast steels has been developed and characterized. The steels, based on the cast equivalent of 316 composition, have increased N (0.14-0.36%) and Mn (2-5.1%) content; copper was added to one of the heats. Mechanical tests were conducted with non-irradiated and neutron irradiated specimens at 0.7 dpa. It was established that alloying by nitrogen significantly improves the yield stress of non-irradiated steels and the deformation hardening rate. Manganese tended to decrease yield stress, but increased radiation hardening. Furthermore, the role of copper on mechanical properties was negligibly small. Analysis of structure was conducted using SEM-EDS and the nature and compositions of the second phases and inclusions were analyzed in detail. We show that the modified steels, compared to reference material, exhibit significantly reduced elemental inhomogeneity and second phase formation.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science and Technology Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Nuclear Fuel and Isotopes Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 483; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Joint Institute for Computational Sciences (JICS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS
OSTI Identifier:
1362206
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396838