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Title: Power-Smoothing Scheme of a DFIG Using the Adaptive Gain Depending on the Rotor Speed and Frequency Deviation

Abstract

In an electric power grid that has a high penetration level of wind, the power fluctuation of a large-scale wind power plant (WPP) caused by varying wind speeds deteriorates the system frequency regulation. This paper proposes a power-smoothing scheme of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) that significantly mitigates the system frequency fluctuation while preventing over-deceleration of the rotor speed. The proposed scheme employs an additional control loop relying on the system frequency deviation that operates in combination with the maximum power point tracking control loop. To improve the power-smoothing capability while preventing over-deceleration of the rotor speed, the gain of the additional loop is modified with the rotor speed and frequency deviation. The gain is set to be high if the rotor speed and/or frequency deviation is large. In conclusion, the simulation results based on the IEEE 14-bus system clearly demonstrate that the proposed scheme significantly lessens the output power fluctuation of a WPP under various scenarios by modifying the gain with the rotor speed and frequency deviation, and thereby it can regulate the frequency deviation within a narrow range.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Chonbuk National Univ., Chonju (Korea)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Technical Univ. of Denmark, Roskilde (Denmark)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
OSTI Identifier:
1358686
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5D00-68324
Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073; ENERGA
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energies (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Energies (Basel); Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; power smoothing; doubly-fed induction generator; frequency regulation; adaptive gain; rotor speed; frequency deviation

Citation Formats

Lee, Hyewon, Hwang, Min, Muljadi, Eduard, Sorensen, Poul, and Kang, Yong Cheol. Power-Smoothing Scheme of a DFIG Using the Adaptive Gain Depending on the Rotor Speed and Frequency Deviation. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3390/en10040555.
Lee, Hyewon, Hwang, Min, Muljadi, Eduard, Sorensen, Poul, & Kang, Yong Cheol. Power-Smoothing Scheme of a DFIG Using the Adaptive Gain Depending on the Rotor Speed and Frequency Deviation. United States. doi:10.3390/en10040555.
Lee, Hyewon, Hwang, Min, Muljadi, Eduard, Sorensen, Poul, and Kang, Yong Cheol. Tue . "Power-Smoothing Scheme of a DFIG Using the Adaptive Gain Depending on the Rotor Speed and Frequency Deviation". United States. doi:10.3390/en10040555. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1358686.
@article{osti_1358686,
title = {Power-Smoothing Scheme of a DFIG Using the Adaptive Gain Depending on the Rotor Speed and Frequency Deviation},
author = {Lee, Hyewon and Hwang, Min and Muljadi, Eduard and Sorensen, Poul and Kang, Yong Cheol},
abstractNote = {In an electric power grid that has a high penetration level of wind, the power fluctuation of a large-scale wind power plant (WPP) caused by varying wind speeds deteriorates the system frequency regulation. This paper proposes a power-smoothing scheme of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) that significantly mitigates the system frequency fluctuation while preventing over-deceleration of the rotor speed. The proposed scheme employs an additional control loop relying on the system frequency deviation that operates in combination with the maximum power point tracking control loop. To improve the power-smoothing capability while preventing over-deceleration of the rotor speed, the gain of the additional loop is modified with the rotor speed and frequency deviation. The gain is set to be high if the rotor speed and/or frequency deviation is large. In conclusion, the simulation results based on the IEEE 14-bus system clearly demonstrate that the proposed scheme significantly lessens the output power fluctuation of a WPP under various scenarios by modifying the gain with the rotor speed and frequency deviation, and thereby it can regulate the frequency deviation within a narrow range.},
doi = {10.3390/en10040555},
journal = {Energies (Basel)},
number = 4,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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High Wind Power Penetration in Isolated Power Systems—Assessment of Wind Inertial and Primary Frequency Responses
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