skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Dust-wind interactions can intensify aerosol pollution over eastern China

Abstract

Eastern China has experienced severe and persistent winter haze episodes in recent years due to intensification of aerosol pollution, which has adverse impacts on hundreds of millions of people across China1–4. In addition to anthropogenic emissions, the winter aerosol pollution over eastern China is associated with abnormal meteorological conditions, including weaker wind speeds5–9. Using a global climate model and a chemical transport model, we show that variations in dust emissions decrease the wintertime land-sea surface air temperature difference between eastern China and the South China Sea and weaken winds below the lowest 10th percentile of wind speed by 0.06 m s-1. Here, the weakened winds enhance stagnation and account for 13% of the increases in PM2.5 aerosol concentrations over eastern China. Although recent increases in anthropogenic emissions are the main factor causing haze over eastern China, we conclude that natural emissions also exert a significant influence on the increases in wintertime PM2.5 concentrations, with important implications that should be considered in air quality studies.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [5];  [5]
  1. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  3. Nanjing Univ. of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing (China)
  4. Chinese Academy of Meteorological Science, Beijing (China)
  5. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1358504
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-119019
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; KP1703010
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; atmospheric chemistry; atmospheric dynamics

Citation Formats

Yang, Yang, Russell, Lynn M., Lou, Sijia, Liao, Hong, Guo, Jianping, Liu, Ying, Singh, Balwinder, and Ghan, Steven J. Dust-wind interactions can intensify aerosol pollution over eastern China. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms15333.
Yang, Yang, Russell, Lynn M., Lou, Sijia, Liao, Hong, Guo, Jianping, Liu, Ying, Singh, Balwinder, & Ghan, Steven J. Dust-wind interactions can intensify aerosol pollution over eastern China. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms15333.
Yang, Yang, Russell, Lynn M., Lou, Sijia, Liao, Hong, Guo, Jianping, Liu, Ying, Singh, Balwinder, and Ghan, Steven J. Thu . "Dust-wind interactions can intensify aerosol pollution over eastern China". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms15333. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1358504.
@article{osti_1358504,
title = {Dust-wind interactions can intensify aerosol pollution over eastern China},
author = {Yang, Yang and Russell, Lynn M. and Lou, Sijia and Liao, Hong and Guo, Jianping and Liu, Ying and Singh, Balwinder and Ghan, Steven J.},
abstractNote = {Eastern China has experienced severe and persistent winter haze episodes in recent years due to intensification of aerosol pollution, which has adverse impacts on hundreds of millions of people across China1–4. In addition to anthropogenic emissions, the winter aerosol pollution over eastern China is associated with abnormal meteorological conditions, including weaker wind speeds5–9. Using a global climate model and a chemical transport model, we show that variations in dust emissions decrease the wintertime land-sea surface air temperature difference between eastern China and the South China Sea and weaken winds below the lowest 10th percentile of wind speed by 0.06 m s-1. Here, the weakened winds enhance stagnation and account for 13% of the increases in PM2.5 aerosol concentrations over eastern China. Although recent increases in anthropogenic emissions are the main factor causing haze over eastern China, we conclude that natural emissions also exert a significant influence on the increases in wintertime PM2.5 concentrations, with important implications that should be considered in air quality studies.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms15333},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 10 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Analysis of long-term variations of fog and haze in China in recent 50 years and their relations with atmospheric humidity
journal, December 2013


High secondary aerosol contribution to particulate pollution during haze events in China
journal, September 2014

  • Huang, Ru-Jin; Zhang, Yanlin; Bozzetti, Carlo
  • Nature, Vol. 514, Issue 7521
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13774

Meteorological conditions for the persistent severe fog and haze event over eastern China in January 2013
journal, November 2013


Haze, air pollution, and health in China
journal, December 2013


Climatic effects of air pollutants over china: A review
journal, November 2014


Radiative effects of natural aerosols: A review
journal, April 2005


Large contribution of natural aerosols to uncertainty in indirect forcing
journal, November 2013

  • Carslaw, K. S.; Lee, L. A.; Reddington, C. L.
  • Nature, Vol. 503, Issue 7474
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12674

Rain-aerosol relationships influenced by wind speed: RAIN-AEROSOL RELATIONSHIPS
journal, March 2016

  • Yang, Yang; Russell, Lynn M.; Lou, Sijia
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL067770

Direct radiative forcing by anthropogenic airborne mineral aerosols
journal, June 1996

  • Sokolik, Irina N.; Toon, Owen B.
  • Nature, Vol. 381, Issue 6584
  • DOI: 10.1038/381681a0

ACE-ASIA: Regional Climatic and Atmospheric Chemical Effects of Asian Dust and Pollution
journal, March 2004

  • Seinfeld, John H.; Carmichael, Gregory R.; Arimoto, Richard
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 85, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-85-3-367

Climate effects of dust aerosols over East Asian arid and semiarid regions: Climate effects of East Asian dust
journal, October 2014

  • Huang, Jianping; Wang, Tianhe; Wang, Wencai
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 119, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JD021796

Long-term inverse modeling of Asian dust: Interannual variations of its emission, transport, deposition, and radiative forcing
journal, February 2015

  • Yumimoto, Keiya; Takemura, Toshihiko
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 120, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022390

Understanding the Meteorological Drivers of U.S. Particulate Matter Concentrations in a Changing Climate
journal, April 2014

  • Dawson, John P.; Bloomer, Bryan J.; Winner, Darrell A.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 95, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00181.1

Occurrence and persistence of future atmospheric stagnation events
journal, June 2014

  • Horton, Daniel E.; Skinner, Christopher B.; Singh, Deepti
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2272

Understanding the recent trend of haze pollution in eastern China: roles of climate change
journal, January 2016


Possible influence of atmospheric circulations on winter haze pollution in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region, northern China
journal, January 2016


Climate modulation of the Tibetan Plateau on haze in China
journal, January 2016


Airborne dust distributions over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations
journal, January 2008


The Role of Aerosols in the Evolution of Tropical North Atlantic Ocean Temperature Anomalies
journal, March 2009


Influence of African dust on ocean–atmosphere variability in the tropical Atlantic
journal, October 2011

  • Evan, Amato T.; Foltz, Gregory R.; Zhang, Dongxiao
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 4, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1276

Aerosols implicated as a prime driver of twentieth-century North Atlantic climate variability
journal, April 2012

  • Booth, Ben B. B.; Dunstone, Nick J.; Halloran, Paul R.
  • Nature, Vol. 484, Issue 7393
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10946

Arabian Sea tropical cyclones intensified by emissions of black carbon and other aerosols
journal, November 2011

  • Evan, Amato T.; Kossin, James P.; ‘Eddy’ Chung, Chul
  • Nature, Vol. 479, Issue 7371
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10552

Assessing the effects of anthropogenic aerosols on Pacific storm track using a multiscale global climate model
journal, April 2014

  • Wang, Y.; Wang, M.; Zhang, R.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1403364111

Asian pollution climatically modulates mid-latitude cyclones following hierarchical modelling and observational analysis
journal, January 2014

  • Wang, Yuan; Zhang, Renyi; Saravanan, R.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4098

Anthropogenic Aerosols and the Weakening of the South Asian Summer Monsoon
journal, September 2011


Detection of anthropogenic dust using CALIPSO lidar measurements
journal, January 2015


The climatology of planetary boundary layer height in China derived from radiosonde and reanalysis data
journal, January 2016

  • Guo, Jianping; Miao, Yucong; Zhang, Yong
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-13309-2016

Enhanced haze pollution by black carbon in megacities in China
journal, March 2016

  • Ding, A. J.; Huang, X.; Nie, W.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL067745

A review of natural aerosol interactions and feedbacks within the Earth system
journal, January 2010

  • Carslaw, K. S.; Boucher, O.; Spracklen, D. V.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-10-1701-2010

Steady decline of east Asian monsoon winds, 1969–2000: Evidence from direct ground measurements of wind speed
journal, January 2006

  • Xu, Ming; Chang, Chih-Pei; Fu, Congbin
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue D24
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007337

Long-term variation of Asian dust and related climate factors
journal, November 2006


Modeling study of regional severe hazes over mid-eastern China in January 2013 and its implications on pollution prevention and control
journal, December 2013


The Community Earth System Model: A Framework for Collaborative Research
journal, September 2013

  • Hurrell, James W.; Holland, M. M.; Gent, P. R.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 94, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00121.1

Toward a minimal representation of aerosols in climate models: description and evaluation in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5
journal, January 2012

  • Liu, X.; Easter, R. C.; Ghan, S. J.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-5-709-2012

Parameterization of optical properties for hydrated internally mixed aerosol: PARAMETERIZATION OF OPTICAL PROPERTIES FOR HYDRATED AEROSOL
journal, May 2007

  • Ghan, Steven J.; Zaveri, Rahul A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 112, Issue D10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007927

Mineral Dust Entrainment and Deposition (DEAD) model: Description and 1990s dust climatology
journal, January 2003


Sulfate-nitrate-ammonium aerosols over China: response to 2000–2015 emission changes of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and ammonia
journal, January 2013


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Heterogeneous reactions of mineral dust aerosol: implications for tropospheric oxidation capacity
    journal, January 2017


    The strengthening relationship between Eurasian snow cover and December haze days in central North China after the mid-1990s
    journal, January 2018


    Seasonality in the Δ 33 S measured in urban aerosols highlights an additional oxidation pathway for atmospheric SO 2
    journal, January 2019

    • Au Yang, David; Cartigny, Pierre; Desboeufs, Karine
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 19, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-3779-2019