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Title: Simulation of orographic effects with a Quasi-3-D Multiscale Modeling Framework: Basic algorithm and preliminary results

Here, the global atmospheric models based on the Multi-scale Modeling Framework (MMF) are able to explicitly resolve subgrid-scale processes by using embedded 2-D Cloud-Resolving Models (CRMs). Up to now, however, those models do not include the orographic effects on the CRM grid scale. This study shows that the effects of CRM grid-scale orography can be simulated reasonably well by the Quasi-3-D MMF (Q3D MMF), which has been developed as a second-generation MMF. In the Q3D framework, the surface topography can be included in the CRM component by using a block representation of the mountains, so that no smoothing of the topographic height is necessary. To demonstrate the performance of such a model, the orographic effects over a steep mountain are simulated in an idealized experimental setup with each of the Q3D MMF and the full 3-D CRM. The latter is used as a benchmark. Comparison of the results shows that the Q3D MMF is able to reproduce the horizontal distribution of orographic precipitation and the flow changes around mountains as simulated by the 3-D CRM, even though the embedded CRMs of the Q3D MMF recognize only some aspects of the complex 3-D topography. It is also shown that the usemore » of 3-D CRMs in the Q3D framework, rather than 2-D CRMs, has positive impacts on the simulation of wind fields but does not substantially change the simulated precipitation.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Dept. of Atmospheric Science
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0016273; SC0016305
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Research Org:
Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Dept. of Atmospheric Science
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; subgrid orographic effects; superparameterization (or MMF); Q3D MMF
OSTI Identifier:
1357773