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Title: The on-orbit calibration of the Fermi Large Area Telescope

Abstract

The Large Area Telescope (LAT) on-board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope began its on-orbit operations on June 23, 2008. Calibrations, defined in a generic sense, correspond to synchronization of trigger signals, optimization of delays for latching data, determination of detector thresholds, gains and responses, evaluation of the perimeter of the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA), measurements of live time, of absolute time, and internal and spacecraft boresight alignments. Here in this work, we describe on-orbit calibration results obtained using known astrophysical sources, galactic cosmic rays, and charge injection into the front-end electronics of each detector. Instrument response functions will be described in a separate publication. This paper demonstrates the stability of calibrations and describes minor changes observed since launch. Lastly, these results have been used to calibrate the LAT datasets to be publicly released in August 2009.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
Fermi LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1357429
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32; Journal Issue: 3-4; Journal ID: ISSN 0927-6505
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; GLAST; Fermi; FGST; LAT; Telescope; Gamma-ray; Calibrations

Citation Formats

Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Ampe, J., Anderson, B., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Bagagli, R., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bartelt, J., Bastieri, D., Baughman, B. M., Bechtol, K., Bédérède, D., Bellardi, F., Bellazzini, R., Belli, F., Berenji, B., Bisello, D., Bissaldi, E., Bloom, E. D., Bogaert, G., Bogart, J. R., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bourgeois, P., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Busetto, G., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Campell, M., Caraveo, P. A., Carius, S., Carlson, P., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Ceccanti, M., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chipaux, R., Cillis, A. N., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Condamoor, S., Conrad, J., Corbet, R., Cutini, S., Davis, D. S., DeKlotz, M., Dermer, C. D., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., Dizon, P., Dormody, M., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Edmonds, Y., Fabiani, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Ferreira, O., Fewtrell, Z., Flath, D. L., Fleury, P., Focke, W. B., Fouts, K., Frailis, M., Freytag, D., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Goodman, J., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hakimi, M., Haller, G., Hanabata, Y., Hart, P. A., Hascall, P., Hays, E., Huffer, M., Hughes, R. E., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, R. P., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kavelaars, A., Kelly, H., Kerr, M., Klamra, W., Knödlseder, J., Kocian, M. L., Kuehn, F., Kuss, M., Latronico, L., Lavalley, C., Leas, B., Lee, B., Lee, S. -H., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Lung, D. K., Madejski, G. M., Makeev, A., Marangelli, B., Marchetti, M., Massai, M. M., May, D., Mazzenga, G., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Minuti, M., Mirizzi, N., Mitra, P., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Mongelli, M., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nelson, D., Nilsson, L., Nishino, S., Nolan, P. L., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Ozaki, M., Paccagnella, A., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Picozza, P., Pinchera, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Rapposelli, E., Raynor, W., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Reyes, L. C., Ritz, S., Robinson, S., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Romani, R. W., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sacchetti, A., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Saggini, N., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Sapozhnikov, L., Saxton, O. H., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Sellerholm, A., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Starck, J. -L., Stephens, T. E., Strickman, M. S., Strong, A. W., Sugizaki, M., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Tenze, A., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Turri, M., Usher, T. L., Vilchez, N., Virmani, N., Vitale, V., Wai, L. L., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, D. L., Wood, K. S., Yasuda, H., Ylinen, T., and Ziegler, M.. The on-orbit calibration of the Fermi Large Area Telescope. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2009.08.002.
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Ampe, J., Anderson, B., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Bagagli, R., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bartelt, J., Bastieri, D., Baughman, B. M., Bechtol, K., Bédérède, D., Bellardi, F., Bellazzini, R., Belli, F., Berenji, B., Bisello, D., Bissaldi, E., Bloom, E. D., Bogaert, G., Bogart, J. R., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bourgeois, P., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Busetto, G., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Campell, M., Caraveo, P. A., Carius, S., Carlson, P., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Ceccanti, M., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chipaux, R., Cillis, A. N., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Condamoor, S., Conrad, J., Corbet, R., Cutini, S., Davis, D. S., DeKlotz, M., Dermer, C. D., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., Dizon, P., Dormody, M., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Edmonds, Y., Fabiani, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Ferreira, O., Fewtrell, Z., Flath, D. L., Fleury, P., Focke, W. B., Fouts, K., Frailis, M., Freytag, D., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Goodman, J., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hakimi, M., Haller, G., Hanabata, Y., Hart, P. A., Hascall, P., Hays, E., Huffer, M., Hughes, R. E., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, R. P., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kavelaars, A., Kelly, H., Kerr, M., Klamra, W., Knödlseder, J., Kocian, M. L., Kuehn, F., Kuss, M., Latronico, L., Lavalley, C., Leas, B., Lee, B., Lee, S. -H., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Lung, D. K., Madejski, G. M., Makeev, A., Marangelli, B., Marchetti, M., Massai, M. M., May, D., Mazzenga, G., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Minuti, M., Mirizzi, N., Mitra, P., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Mongelli, M., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nelson, D., Nilsson, L., Nishino, S., Nolan, P. L., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Ozaki, M., Paccagnella, A., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Picozza, P., Pinchera, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Rapposelli, E., Raynor, W., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Reyes, L. C., Ritz, S., Robinson, S., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Romani, R. W., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sacchetti, A., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Saggini, N., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Sapozhnikov, L., Saxton, O. H., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Sellerholm, A., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Starck, J. -L., Stephens, T. E., Strickman, M. S., Strong, A. W., Sugizaki, M., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Tenze, A., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Turri, M., Usher, T. L., Vilchez, N., Virmani, N., Vitale, V., Wai, L. L., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, D. L., Wood, K. S., Yasuda, H., Ylinen, T., & Ziegler, M.. The on-orbit calibration of the Fermi Large Area Telescope. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2009.08.002
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Ampe, J., Anderson, B., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Bagagli, R., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bartelt, J., Bastieri, D., Baughman, B. M., Bechtol, K., Bédérède, D., Bellardi, F., Bellazzini, R., Belli, F., Berenji, B., Bisello, D., Bissaldi, E., Bloom, E. D., Bogaert, G., Bogart, J. R., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bourgeois, P., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Busetto, G., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Campell, M., Caraveo, P. A., Carius, S., Carlson, P., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Ceccanti, M., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chipaux, R., Cillis, A. N., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Condamoor, S., Conrad, J., Corbet, R., Cutini, S., Davis, D. S., DeKlotz, M., Dermer, C. D., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., Dizon, P., Dormody, M., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Edmonds, Y., Fabiani, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Ferreira, O., Fewtrell, Z., Flath, D. L., Fleury, P., Focke, W. B., Fouts, K., Frailis, M., Freytag, D., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Goodman, J., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hakimi, M., Haller, G., Hanabata, Y., Hart, P. A., Hascall, P., Hays, E., Huffer, M., Hughes, R. E., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, R. P., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kavelaars, A., Kelly, H., Kerr, M., Klamra, W., Knödlseder, J., Kocian, M. L., Kuehn, F., Kuss, M., Latronico, L., Lavalley, C., Leas, B., Lee, B., Lee, S. -H., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Lung, D. K., Madejski, G. M., Makeev, A., Marangelli, B., Marchetti, M., Massai, M. M., May, D., Mazzenga, G., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Minuti, M., Mirizzi, N., Mitra, P., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Mongelli, M., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nelson, D., Nilsson, L., Nishino, S., Nolan, P. L., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Ozaki, M., Paccagnella, A., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Picozza, P., Pinchera, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Rapposelli, E., Raynor, W., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Reyes, L. C., Ritz, S., Robinson, S., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Romani, R. W., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sacchetti, A., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Saggini, N., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Sapozhnikov, L., Saxton, O. H., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Sellerholm, A., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Starck, J. -L., Stephens, T. E., Strickman, M. S., Strong, A. W., Sugizaki, M., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Tenze, A., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Turri, M., Usher, T. L., Vilchez, N., Virmani, N., Vitale, V., Wai, L. L., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, D. L., Wood, K. S., Yasuda, H., Ylinen, T., and Ziegler, M.. Sun . "The on-orbit calibration of the Fermi Large Area Telescope". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2009.08.002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357429.
@article{osti_1357429,
title = {The on-orbit calibration of the Fermi Large Area Telescope},
author = {Abdo, A. A. and Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Ampe, J. and Anderson, B. and Atwood, W. B. and Axelsson, M. and Bagagli, R. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Bartelt, J. and Bastieri, D. and Baughman, B. M. and Bechtol, K. and Bédérède, D. and Bellardi, F. and Bellazzini, R. and Belli, F. and Berenji, B. and Bisello, D. and Bissaldi, E. and Bloom, E. D. and Bogaert, G. and Bogart, J. R. and Bonamente, E. and Borgland, A. W. and Bourgeois, P. and Bouvier, A. and Bregeon, J. and Brez, A. and Brigida, M. and Bruel, P. and Burnett, T. H. and Busetto, G. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Campell, M. and Caraveo, P. A. and Carius, S. and Carlson, P. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cavazzuti, E. and Ceccanti, M. and Cecchi, C. and Charles, E. and Chekhtman, A. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiang, J. and Chipaux, R. and Cillis, A. N. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Condamoor, S. and Conrad, J. and Corbet, R. and Cutini, S. and Davis, D. S. and DeKlotz, M. and Dermer, C. D. and de Angelis, A. and de Palma, F. and Digel, S. W. and Dizon, P. and Dormody, M. and do Couto e Silva, E. and Drell, P. S. and Dubois, R. and Dumora, D. and Edmonds, Y. and Fabiani, D. and Farnier, C. and Favuzzi, C. and Ferrara, E. C. and Ferreira, O. and Fewtrell, Z. and Flath, D. L. and Fleury, P. and Focke, W. B. and Fouts, K. and Frailis, M. and Freytag, D. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Gehrels, N. and Germani, S. and Giebels, B. and Giglietto, N. and Giordano, F. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Goodman, J. and Grenier, I. A. and Grondin, M. -H. and Grove, J. E. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Hakimi, M. and Haller, G. and Hanabata, Y. and Hart, P. A. and Hascall, P. and Hays, E. and Huffer, M. and Hughes, R. E. and Jóhannesson, G. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, R. P. and Johnson, T. J. and Johnson, W. N. and Kamae, T. and Katagiri, H. and Kataoka, J. and Kavelaars, A. and Kelly, H. and Kerr, M. and Klamra, W. and Knödlseder, J. and Kocian, M. L. and Kuehn, F. and Kuss, M. and Latronico, L. and Lavalley, C. and Leas, B. and Lee, B. and Lee, S. -H. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lott, B. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Lung, D. K. and Madejski, G. M. and Makeev, A. and Marangelli, B. and Marchetti, M. and Massai, M. M. and May, D. and Mazzenga, G. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and McGlynn, S. and Meurer, C. and Michelson, P. F. and Minuti, M. and Mirizzi, N. and Mitra, P. and Mitthumsiri, W. and Mizuno, T. and Moiseev, A. A. and Mongelli, M. and Monte, C. and Monzani, M. E. and Moretti, E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Nelson, D. and Nilsson, L. and Nishino, S. and Nolan, P. L. and Nuss, E. and Ohno, M. and Ohsugi, T. and Omodei, N. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Ozaki, M. and Paccagnella, A. and Paneque, D. and Panetta, J. H. and Parent, D. and Pelassa, V. and Pepe, M. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Picozza, P. and Pinchera, M. and Piron, F. and Porter, T. A. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Rapposelli, E. and Raynor, W. and Razzano, M. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Reyes, L. C. and Ritz, S. and Robinson, S. and Rochester, L. S. and Rodriguez, A. Y. and Romani, R. W. and Roth, M. and Ryde, F. and Sacchetti, A. and Sadrozinski, H. F. -W. and Saggini, N. and Sanchez, D. and Sander, A. and Sapozhnikov, L. and Saxton, O. H. and Saz Parkinson, P. M. and Sellerholm, A. and Sgrò, C. and Siskind, E. J. and Smith, D. A. and Smith, P. D. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Starck, J. -L. and Stephens, T. E. and Strickman, M. S. and Strong, A. W. and Sugizaki, M. and Suson, D. J. and Tajima, H. and Takahashi, H. and Takahashi, T. and Tanaka, T. and Tenze, A. and Thayer, J. B. and Thayer, J. G. and Thompson, D. J. and Tibaldo, L. and Tibolla, O. and Torres, D. F. and Tosti, G. and Tramacere, A. and Turri, M. and Usher, T. L. and Vilchez, N. and Virmani, N. and Vitale, V. and Wai, L. L. and Waite, A. P. and Wang, P. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, D. L. and Wood, K. S. and Yasuda, H. and Ylinen, T. and Ziegler, M.},
abstractNote = {The Large Area Telescope (LAT) on-board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope began its on-orbit operations on June 23, 2008. Calibrations, defined in a generic sense, correspond to synchronization of trigger signals, optimization of delays for latching data, determination of detector thresholds, gains and responses, evaluation of the perimeter of the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA), measurements of live time, of absolute time, and internal and spacecraft boresight alignments. Here in this work, we describe on-orbit calibration results obtained using known astrophysical sources, galactic cosmic rays, and charge injection into the front-end electronics of each detector. Instrument response functions will be described in a separate publication. This paper demonstrates the stability of calibrations and describes minor changes observed since launch. Lastly, these results have been used to calibrate the LAT datasets to be publicly released in August 2009.},
doi = {10.1016/j.astropartphys.2009.08.002},
journal = {Astroparticle Physics},
number = 3-4,
volume = 32,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {9}
}

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Observation and simulations of the backsplash effects in high-energy γ-ray telescopes containing a massive calorimeter
journal, November 2004


Response of the GLAST LAT calorimeter to relativistic heavy ions
journal, May 2006

  • Lott, B.; Piron, F.; Blank, B.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 560, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.12.211

A low altitude trapped proton model for solar minimum conditions based on SAMPEX/PET data
journal, December 1999

  • Heynderickx, D.; Kruglanski, M.; Pierrard, V.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 46, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1109/23.819110

Fermi Observations of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from GRB 080916C
journal, February 2009


Pulsar timing for the Fermi gamma-ray space telescope
journal, October 2008


Measurement of the Crab Flux above 60 GeV with the CELESTE Cerenkov Telescope
journal, February 2002

  • de Naurois, M.; Holder, J.; Bazer‐Bachi, R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 566, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/337991

FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS OF THE VELA PULSAR
journal, April 2009


Absolute timing with IBIS, SPI and JEM-X aboard INTEGRAL: Crab main-pulse arrival times in radio, X-rays and high-energy
journal, November 2003


PULSED GAMMA RAYS FROM THE MILLISECOND PULSAR J0030+0451 WITH THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
journal, June 2009


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    No evidence for gamma-ray halos around active galactic nuclei resulting from intergalactic magnetic fields
    journal, January 2011


    X-Ray Study of Variable Gamma-Ray Pulsar PSR J2021+4026
    journal, March 2018


    Fermi Large Area Telescope Fourth Source Catalog
    journal, March 2020

    • Abdollahi, S.; Acero, F.; Ackermann, M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 247, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6bcb

    THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE ON ORBIT: EVENT CLASSIFICATION, INSTRUMENT RESPONSE FUNCTIONS, AND CALIBRATION
    journal, October 2012

    • Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Albert, A.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 203, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/203/1/4

    FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE FIRST SOURCE CATALOG
    journal, May 2010

    • Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 188, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/188/2/405

    THE SECOND FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE CATALOG OF GAMMA-RAY PULSARS
    journal, September 2013

    • Abdo, A. A.; Ajello, M.; Allafort, A.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 208, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/208/2/17

    FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE THIRD SOURCE CATALOG
    journal, June 2015

    • Acero, F.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 218, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/218/2/23

    The Bright and the Slow—GRBs 100724B and 160509A with High-energy Cutoffs at ≲100 MeV
    journal, September 2018


    Discovery of very high energy gamma-ray emission from the blazar 1ES 1727+502 with the MAGIC Telescopes
    journal, March 2014


    GAMMA-RAY LIGHT CURVES AND VARIABILITY OF BRIGHT FERMI -DETECTED BLAZARS
    journal, September 2010


    Impulsive and long Duration High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from the very Bright 2012 March 7 Solar Flares
    journal, June 2014


    Search for GeV γ -Ray Pair Halos Around Low Redshift Blazars
    journal, November 2015


    THE VELA PULSAR: RESULTS FROM THE FIRST YEAR OF FERMI LAT OBSERVATIONS
    journal, March 2010


    Background for a gamma-ray satellite on a low-Earth orbit
    journal, March 2019


    Fermi -LAT Observations of γ -Ray Emission toward the Outer Halo of M31
    journal, July 2019

    • Karwin, Christopher M.; Murgia, Simona; Campbell, Sheldon
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 880, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab2880

    GeV OBSERVATIONS OF STAR-FORMING GALAXIES WITH THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
    journal, August 2012


    FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE SECOND SOURCE CATALOG
    journal, March 2012

    • Nolan, P. L.; Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann, M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 199, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/199/2/31

    The awakening of BL Lacertae: observations by Fermi, Swift and the GASP-WEBT★
    journal, October 2013

    • Raiteri, C. M.; Villata, M.; D'Ammando, F.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 436, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1672

    DISCOVERY OF NINE GAMMA-RAY PULSARS IN FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE DATA USING A NEW BLIND SEARCH METHOD
    journal, December 2011


    The denoised, deconvolved, and decomposed Fermi γ -ray sky : An application of the D
    journal, September 2015


    SAX J1808.4−3658, an accreting millisecond pulsar shining in gamma rays?
    journal, December 2015

    • de Oña Wilhelmi, E.; Papitto, A.; Li, J.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 456, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2695

    The Second Fermi Large area Telescope Catalog of Gamma-Ray Pulsars
    text, January 2013

    • Abdo, A. A.; Ajello, M.; Allafort, A.
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/desy-2014-00864

    Fermi Large Area Telescope Fourth Source Catalog
    text, January 2020

    • Abdollahi, S.; Acero, F.; Ackermann, Markus
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2020-01400

    Discovery of very high energy gamma-ray emission from the blazar 1ES 1727+502 with the MAGIC Telescopes
    text, January 2014

    • Aleksić, J.; Antonelli, L. A.; Antoranz, P.
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/desy-2014-00625