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Title: Discovery of VHE γ -rays from the blazar 1ES 1215+303 with the MAGIC telescopes and simultaneous multi-wavelength observations

Abstract

Here, we present the discovery of very high energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) γ-ray emission from the BL Lac object 1ES 1215+303 by the MAGIC telescopes and simultaneous multi-wavelength data in a broad energy range from radio to γ-rays. We also study the VHE γ-ray emission from 1ES 1215+303 and its relation to the emissions in other wavelengths. Triggered by an optical outburst, MAGIC observed the source in 2011 January - February for 20.3 h. The target was monitored in the optical R-band by the KVA telescope that also performed optical polarization measurements. Furthermore, we triggered target of opportunity observations with the Swift satellite and obtained simultaneous and quasi-simultaneous data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope and from the Metsähovi radio telescope. We also present the analysis of older MAGIC data taken in 2010. The MAGIC observations of 1ES 1215+303 carried out in 2011 January - February resulted in the first detection of the source at VHE with a statistical significance of 9.4σ. Simultaneously, the source was observed in a high optical and X-ray state. In 2010 the source was observed in a lower state in optical, X-ray, and VHE, while the GeV γ-ray flux and the radio fluxmore » were comparable in 2010 and 2011. The spectral energy distribution obtained with the 2011 data can be modeled with a simple one zone SSC model, but it requires extreme values for the Doppler factor or the electron energy distribution.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
Fermi LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1356672
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 544; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; BL Lacertae objects: individual: 1ES 1215+303; gamma-rays: galaxies

Citation Formats

Aleksić, J., Alvarez, E. A., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Ansoldi, S., Asensio, M., Backes, M., Barres de Almeida, U., Barrio, J. A., Bastieri, D., Becerra González, J., Bednarek, W., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnoli, G., Borla Tridon, D., Bretz, T., Cañellas, A., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Da Vela, P., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Caneva, G., De Cea del Pozo, E., De Lotto, B., Delgado Mendez, C., Diago Ortega, A., Doert, M., Domínguez, A., Dominis Prester, D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Eisenacher, D., Elsaesser, D., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Fruck, C., García López, R. J., Garczarczyk, M., Garrido Terrats, D., Gaug, M., Giavitto, G., Godinović, N., González Muñoz, A., Gozzini, S. R., Hadasch, D., Häfner, D., Herrero, A., Hildebrand, D., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Huber, B., Jankowski, F., Jogler, T., Kadenius, V., Kellermann, H., Klepser, S., Krähenbühl, T., Krause, J., La Barbera, A., Lelas, D., Leonardo, E., Lewandowska, N., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., López, M., López-Coto, R., López-Oramas, A., Lorenz, E., Makariev, M., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Mariotti, M., Martínez, M., Mazin, D., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Moldón, J., Moralejo, A., Munar-Adrover, P., Niedzwiecki, A., Nieto, D., Nilsson, K., Nowak, N., Orito, R., Paiano, S., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Pardo, S., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Perez-Torres, M. A., Persic, M., Pilia, M., Pochon, J., Prada, F., Prada Moroni, P. G., Prandini, E., Puerto Gimenez, I., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribó, M., Rico, J., Rügamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T. Y., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shore, S. N., Sillanpää, A., Sitarek, J., Snidaric, I., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Spiro, S., Stamatescu, V., Stamerra, A., Steinke, B., Storz, J., Strah, N., Sun, S., Surić, T., Takalo, L., Takami, H., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzić, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Treves, A., Uellenbeck, M., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zabalza, V., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Berdyugin, A., Buson, S., Järvelä, E., Larsson, S., Lähteenmäki, A., and Tammi, J. Discovery of VHE γ -rays from the blazar 1ES 1215+303 with the MAGIC telescopes and simultaneous multi-wavelength observations. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219133.
Aleksić, J., Alvarez, E. A., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Ansoldi, S., Asensio, M., Backes, M., Barres de Almeida, U., Barrio, J. A., Bastieri, D., Becerra González, J., Bednarek, W., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnoli, G., Borla Tridon, D., Bretz, T., Cañellas, A., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Da Vela, P., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Caneva, G., De Cea del Pozo, E., De Lotto, B., Delgado Mendez, C., Diago Ortega, A., Doert, M., Domínguez, A., Dominis Prester, D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Eisenacher, D., Elsaesser, D., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Fruck, C., García López, R. J., Garczarczyk, M., Garrido Terrats, D., Gaug, M., Giavitto, G., Godinović, N., González Muñoz, A., Gozzini, S. R., Hadasch, D., Häfner, D., Herrero, A., Hildebrand, D., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Huber, B., Jankowski, F., Jogler, T., Kadenius, V., Kellermann, H., Klepser, S., Krähenbühl, T., Krause, J., La Barbera, A., Lelas, D., Leonardo, E., Lewandowska, N., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., López, M., López-Coto, R., López-Oramas, A., Lorenz, E., Makariev, M., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Mariotti, M., Martínez, M., Mazin, D., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Moldón, J., Moralejo, A., Munar-Adrover, P., Niedzwiecki, A., Nieto, D., Nilsson, K., Nowak, N., Orito, R., Paiano, S., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Pardo, S., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Perez-Torres, M. A., Persic, M., Pilia, M., Pochon, J., Prada, F., Prada Moroni, P. G., Prandini, E., Puerto Gimenez, I., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribó, M., Rico, J., Rügamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T. Y., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shore, S. N., Sillanpää, A., Sitarek, J., Snidaric, I., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Spiro, S., Stamatescu, V., Stamerra, A., Steinke, B., Storz, J., Strah, N., Sun, S., Surić, T., Takalo, L., Takami, H., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzić, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Treves, A., Uellenbeck, M., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zabalza, V., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Berdyugin, A., Buson, S., Järvelä, E., Larsson, S., Lähteenmäki, A., & Tammi, J. Discovery of VHE γ -rays from the blazar 1ES 1215+303 with the MAGIC telescopes and simultaneous multi-wavelength observations. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219133.
Aleksić, J., Alvarez, E. A., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Ansoldi, S., Asensio, M., Backes, M., Barres de Almeida, U., Barrio, J. A., Bastieri, D., Becerra González, J., Bednarek, W., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnoli, G., Borla Tridon, D., Bretz, T., Cañellas, A., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Da Vela, P., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Caneva, G., De Cea del Pozo, E., De Lotto, B., Delgado Mendez, C., Diago Ortega, A., Doert, M., Domínguez, A., Dominis Prester, D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Eisenacher, D., Elsaesser, D., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Fruck, C., García López, R. J., Garczarczyk, M., Garrido Terrats, D., Gaug, M., Giavitto, G., Godinović, N., González Muñoz, A., Gozzini, S. R., Hadasch, D., Häfner, D., Herrero, A., Hildebrand, D., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Huber, B., Jankowski, F., Jogler, T., Kadenius, V., Kellermann, H., Klepser, S., Krähenbühl, T., Krause, J., La Barbera, A., Lelas, D., Leonardo, E., Lewandowska, N., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., López, M., López-Coto, R., López-Oramas, A., Lorenz, E., Makariev, M., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Mariotti, M., Martínez, M., Mazin, D., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Moldón, J., Moralejo, A., Munar-Adrover, P., Niedzwiecki, A., Nieto, D., Nilsson, K., Nowak, N., Orito, R., Paiano, S., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Pardo, S., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Perez-Torres, M. A., Persic, M., Pilia, M., Pochon, J., Prada, F., Prada Moroni, P. G., Prandini, E., Puerto Gimenez, I., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribó, M., Rico, J., Rügamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T. Y., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shore, S. N., Sillanpää, A., Sitarek, J., Snidaric, I., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Spiro, S., Stamatescu, V., Stamerra, A., Steinke, B., Storz, J., Strah, N., Sun, S., Surić, T., Takalo, L., Takami, H., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzić, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Treves, A., Uellenbeck, M., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zabalza, V., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Berdyugin, A., Buson, S., Järvelä, E., Larsson, S., Lähteenmäki, A., and Tammi, J. Wed . "Discovery of VHE γ -rays from the blazar 1ES 1215+303 with the MAGIC telescopes and simultaneous multi-wavelength observations". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219133. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356672.
@article{osti_1356672,
title = {Discovery of VHE γ -rays from the blazar 1ES 1215+303 with the MAGIC telescopes and simultaneous multi-wavelength observations},
author = {Aleksić, J. and Alvarez, E. A. and Antonelli, L. A. and Antoranz, P. and Ansoldi, S. and Asensio, M. and Backes, M. and Barres de Almeida, U. and Barrio, J. A. and Bastieri, D. and Becerra González, J. and Bednarek, W. and Berger, K. and Bernardini, E. and Biland, A. and Blanch, O. and Bock, R. K. and Boller, A. and Bonnoli, G. and Borla Tridon, D. and Bretz, T. and Cañellas, A. and Carmona, E. and Carosi, A. and Colin, P. and Colombo, E. and Contreras, J. L. and Cortina, J. and Cossio, L. and Covino, S. and Da Vela, P. and Dazzi, F. and De Angelis, A. and De Caneva, G. and De Cea del Pozo, E. and De Lotto, B. and Delgado Mendez, C. and Diago Ortega, A. and Doert, M. and Domínguez, A. and Dominis Prester, D. and Dorner, D. and Doro, M. and Eisenacher, D. and Elsaesser, D. and Ferenc, D. and Fonseca, M. V. and Font, L. and Fruck, C. and García López, R. J. and Garczarczyk, M. and Garrido Terrats, D. and Gaug, M. and Giavitto, G. and Godinović, N. and González Muñoz, A. and Gozzini, S. R. and Hadasch, D. and Häfner, D. and Herrero, A. and Hildebrand, D. and Hose, J. and Hrupec, D. and Huber, B. and Jankowski, F. and Jogler, T. and Kadenius, V. and Kellermann, H. and Klepser, S. and Krähenbühl, T. and Krause, J. and La Barbera, A. and Lelas, D. and Leonardo, E. and Lewandowska, N. and Lindfors, E. and Lombardi, S. and López, M. and López-Coto, R. and López-Oramas, A. and Lorenz, E. and Makariev, M. and Maneva, G. and Mankuzhiyil, N. and Mannheim, K. and Maraschi, L. and Mariotti, M. and Martínez, M. and Mazin, D. and Meucci, M. and Miranda, J. M. and Mirzoyan, R. and Moldón, J. and Moralejo, A. and Munar-Adrover, P. and Niedzwiecki, A. and Nieto, D. and Nilsson, K. and Nowak, N. and Orito, R. and Paiano, S. and Paneque, D. and Paoletti, R. and Pardo, S. and Paredes, J. M. and Partini, S. and Perez-Torres, M. A. and Persic, M. and Pilia, M. and Pochon, J. and Prada, F. and Prada Moroni, P. G. and Prandini, E. and Puerto Gimenez, I. and Puljak, I. and Reichardt, I. and Reinthal, R. and Rhode, W. and Ribó, M. and Rico, J. and Rügamer, S. and Saggion, A. and Saito, K. and Saito, T. Y. and Salvati, M. and Satalecka, K. and Scalzotto, V. and Scapin, V. and Schultz, C. and Schweizer, T. and Shore, S. N. and Sillanpää, A. and Sitarek, J. and Snidaric, I. and Sobczynska, D. and Spanier, F. and Spiro, S. and Stamatescu, V. and Stamerra, A. and Steinke, B. and Storz, J. and Strah, N. and Sun, S. and Surić, T. and Takalo, L. and Takami, H. and Tavecchio, F. and Temnikov, P. and Terzić, T. and Tescaro, D. and Teshima, M. and Tibolla, O. and Torres, D. F. and Treves, A. and Uellenbeck, M. and Vogler, P. and Wagner, R. M. and Weitzel, Q. and Zabalza, V. and Zandanel, F. and Zanin, R. and Berdyugin, A. and Buson, S. and Järvelä, E. and Larsson, S. and Lähteenmäki, A. and Tammi, J.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present the discovery of very high energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) γ-ray emission from the BL Lac object 1ES 1215+303 by the MAGIC telescopes and simultaneous multi-wavelength data in a broad energy range from radio to γ-rays. We also study the VHE γ-ray emission from 1ES 1215+303 and its relation to the emissions in other wavelengths. Triggered by an optical outburst, MAGIC observed the source in 2011 January - February for 20.3 h. The target was monitored in the optical R-band by the KVA telescope that also performed optical polarization measurements. Furthermore, we triggered target of opportunity observations with the Swift satellite and obtained simultaneous and quasi-simultaneous data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope and from the Metsähovi radio telescope. We also present the analysis of older MAGIC data taken in 2010. The MAGIC observations of 1ES 1215+303 carried out in 2011 January - February resulted in the first detection of the source at VHE with a statistical significance of 9.4σ. Simultaneously, the source was observed in a high optical and X-ray state. In 2010 the source was observed in a lower state in optical, X-ray, and VHE, while the GeV γ-ray flux and the radio flux were comparable in 2010 and 2011. The spectral energy distribution obtained with the 2011 data can be modeled with a simple one zone SSC model, but it requires extreme values for the Doppler factor or the electron energy distribution.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201219133},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 544,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {8}
}

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