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Title: Resonance stabilization effects on ketone autoxidation: Isomer-specific cyclic ether and ketohydroperoxide formation in the low-temperature (400–625 K) oxidation of diethyl ketone

Here, the pulsed photolytic chlorine-initiated oxidation of diethyl ketone [DEK; (CH 3CH 2) 2C=O], 2,2,4,4- d 4-DEK [ d 4-DEK; (CH 3CD 2) 2C=O], and 1,1,1,5,5,5-d 6-DEK [ d 6-DEK; (CD 3CH 2) 2C=O] is studied at 8 torr and 1–2 atm and from 400–625 K. Cl atoms produced by laser photolysis react with diethyl ketone to form either primary (3-pentan-on-1-yl, R P) or secondary (3-pentan-on-2-yl, R S) radicals, which in turn react with O 2. Multiplexed time-of-flight mass spectrometry, coupled to either a hydrogen discharge lamp or tunable synchrotron photoionizing radiation, is used to detect products as a function of mass, time, and photon energy. At 8 torr, the nature of the chain propagating cyclic ether + OH channel changes as a function of temperature. At 450 K, the production of OH is mainly in conjunction with formation of 2,4-dimethyloxetan-3-one, resulting from reaction of the resonance-stabilized secondary R S with O 2. In contrast, at 550 K and 8 torr, 2-methyl-tetrahydrofuran-3-one, originating from oxidation of the primary radical (RP), is observed as the dominant cyclic ether product. Formation of both of these cyclic ether production channels proceeds via a resonance-stabilized hydroperoxy alkyl (QOOH) intermediate. Little or no ketohydroperoxide (KHP)more » is observed under the low-pressure conditions. At higher O 2 concentrations and higher pressures (1–2 atm), a strong KHP signal appears as the temperature is increased above 450 K. Definitive isomeric identification from measurements on the deuterated DEK isotopologues indicates the favored pathway produces a γ-KHP via resonance-stabilized alkyl, QOOH, and HOOPOOH radicals. Time-resolved measurements reveal the KHP formation becomes faster and signal more intense upon increasing temperature from 450 to 575 K before intensity drops significantly at 625 K. The KHP time profile also shows a peak followed by a gradual depletion for the extent of experiment. Several tertiary products exhibit a slow accumulation in coincidence with the observed KHP decay. These products can be associated with decomposition of KHP by β-scission pathways or via isomerization of a γ-KHP into a cyclic peroxide intermediate (Korcek mechanism). The oxidation of d 4-DEK, where kinetic isotope effects disfavor γ-KHP formation, shows greatly reduced KHP formation and associated signatures from KHP decomposition products.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Pacific Gas and Electricity Co., San Francisco, CA (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-3007J
Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639; 651896
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. A, Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, and General Theory
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 43; Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1356327

Scheer, Adam M., Eskola, Arkke J., Osborn, David L., Sheps, Leonid, and Taatjes, Craig A.. Resonance stabilization effects on ketone autoxidation: Isomer-specific cyclic ether and ketohydroperoxide formation in the low-temperature (400–625 K) oxidation of diethyl ketone. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acs.jpca.6b07370.
Scheer, Adam M., Eskola, Arkke J., Osborn, David L., Sheps, Leonid, & Taatjes, Craig A.. Resonance stabilization effects on ketone autoxidation: Isomer-specific cyclic ether and ketohydroperoxide formation in the low-temperature (400–625 K) oxidation of diethyl ketone. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpca.6b07370.
Scheer, Adam M., Eskola, Arkke J., Osborn, David L., Sheps, Leonid, and Taatjes, Craig A.. 2016. "Resonance stabilization effects on ketone autoxidation: Isomer-specific cyclic ether and ketohydroperoxide formation in the low-temperature (400–625 K) oxidation of diethyl ketone". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpca.6b07370. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356327.
@article{osti_1356327,
title = {Resonance stabilization effects on ketone autoxidation: Isomer-specific cyclic ether and ketohydroperoxide formation in the low-temperature (400–625 K) oxidation of diethyl ketone},
author = {Scheer, Adam M. and Eskola, Arkke J. and Osborn, David L. and Sheps, Leonid and Taatjes, Craig A.},
abstractNote = {Here, the pulsed photolytic chlorine-initiated oxidation of diethyl ketone [DEK; (CH3CH2)2C=O], 2,2,4,4-d4-DEK [d4-DEK; (CH3CD2)2C=O], and 1,1,1,5,5,5-d6-DEK [d6-DEK; (CD3CH2)2C=O] is studied at 8 torr and 1–2 atm and from 400–625 K. Cl atoms produced by laser photolysis react with diethyl ketone to form either primary (3-pentan-on-1-yl, RP) or secondary (3-pentan-on-2-yl, RS) radicals, which in turn react with O2. Multiplexed time-of-flight mass spectrometry, coupled to either a hydrogen discharge lamp or tunable synchrotron photoionizing radiation, is used to detect products as a function of mass, time, and photon energy. At 8 torr, the nature of the chain propagating cyclic ether + OH channel changes as a function of temperature. At 450 K, the production of OH is mainly in conjunction with formation of 2,4-dimethyloxetan-3-one, resulting from reaction of the resonance-stabilized secondary RS with O2. In contrast, at 550 K and 8 torr, 2-methyl-tetrahydrofuran-3-one, originating from oxidation of the primary radical (RP), is observed as the dominant cyclic ether product. Formation of both of these cyclic ether production channels proceeds via a resonance-stabilized hydroperoxy alkyl (QOOH) intermediate. Little or no ketohydroperoxide (KHP) is observed under the low-pressure conditions. At higher O2 concentrations and higher pressures (1–2 atm), a strong KHP signal appears as the temperature is increased above 450 K. Definitive isomeric identification from measurements on the deuterated DEK isotopologues indicates the favored pathway produces a γ-KHP via resonance-stabilized alkyl, QOOH, and HOOPOOH radicals. Time-resolved measurements reveal the KHP formation becomes faster and signal more intense upon increasing temperature from 450 to 575 K before intensity drops significantly at 625 K. The KHP time profile also shows a peak followed by a gradual depletion for the extent of experiment. Several tertiary products exhibit a slow accumulation in coincidence with the observed KHP decay. These products can be associated with decomposition of KHP by β-scission pathways or via isomerization of a γ-KHP into a cyclic peroxide intermediate (Korcek mechanism). The oxidation of d4-DEK, where kinetic isotope effects disfavor γ-KHP formation, shows greatly reduced KHP formation and associated signatures from KHP decomposition products.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.jpca.6b07370},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry. A, Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, and General Theory},
number = 43,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}