skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: High resolution neutron Larmor diffraction using superconducting magnetic Wollaston prisms

Abstract

The neutron Larmor diffraction technique has been implemented using superconducting magnetic Wollaston prisms in both single-arm and double-arm configurations. Successful measurements of the coefficient of thermal expansion of a single-crystal copper sample demonstrates that the method works as expected. Our experiment involves a new method of tuning by varying the magnetic field configurations in the device and the tuning results agree well with previous measurements. The difference between single-arm and double-arm configurations has been investigated experimentally. Here, we conclude that this measurement benchmarks the applications of magnetic Wollaston prisms in Larmor diffraction and shows in principle that the setup can be used for inelastic phonon line-width measurements. The achievable resolution for Larmor diffraction is comparable to that using Neutron Resonance Spin Echo (NRSE) coils. Furthermore, the use of superconducting materials in the prisms allows high neutron polarization and transmission efficiency to be achieved.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [2];  [5];  [6];  [3];  [2];  [7];  [8];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Instrument and Source Division; Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States). Center for Exploration of Energy and Matter and Dept. of Physics
  2. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States). Center for Exploration of Energy and Matter and Dept. of Physics
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Quantum Condensed Matter Division
  4. Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands). Faculty of Applied Sciences
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Instrument and Source Division
  6. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  7. Max Planck Inst. for Solid State Research, Stuttgart (Germany)
  8. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Quantum Condensed Matter Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1352771
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1360954
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-76SF00515; 1121053
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; characterization and analytical techniques

Citation Formats

Li, Fankang, Feng, Hao, Thaler, Alexander N., Parnell, Steven R., Hamilton, William A., Crow, Lowell, Yang, Wencao, Jones, Amy B., Bai, Hongyu, Matsuda, Masaaki, Baxter, David V., Keller, Thomas, Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A., and Pynn, Roger. High resolution neutron Larmor diffraction using superconducting magnetic Wollaston prisms. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00740-5.
Li, Fankang, Feng, Hao, Thaler, Alexander N., Parnell, Steven R., Hamilton, William A., Crow, Lowell, Yang, Wencao, Jones, Amy B., Bai, Hongyu, Matsuda, Masaaki, Baxter, David V., Keller, Thomas, Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A., & Pynn, Roger. High resolution neutron Larmor diffraction using superconducting magnetic Wollaston prisms. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00740-5
Li, Fankang, Feng, Hao, Thaler, Alexander N., Parnell, Steven R., Hamilton, William A., Crow, Lowell, Yang, Wencao, Jones, Amy B., Bai, Hongyu, Matsuda, Masaaki, Baxter, David V., Keller, Thomas, Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A., and Pynn, Roger. Thu . "High resolution neutron Larmor diffraction using superconducting magnetic Wollaston prisms". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00740-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1352771.
@article{osti_1352771,
title = {High resolution neutron Larmor diffraction using superconducting magnetic Wollaston prisms},
author = {Li, Fankang and Feng, Hao and Thaler, Alexander N. and Parnell, Steven R. and Hamilton, William A. and Crow, Lowell and Yang, Wencao and Jones, Amy B. and Bai, Hongyu and Matsuda, Masaaki and Baxter, David V. and Keller, Thomas and Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A. and Pynn, Roger},
abstractNote = {The neutron Larmor diffraction technique has been implemented using superconducting magnetic Wollaston prisms in both single-arm and double-arm configurations. Successful measurements of the coefficient of thermal expansion of a single-crystal copper sample demonstrates that the method works as expected. Our experiment involves a new method of tuning by varying the magnetic field configurations in the device and the tuning results agree well with previous measurements. The difference between single-arm and double-arm configurations has been investigated experimentally. Here, we conclude that this measurement benchmarks the applications of magnetic Wollaston prisms in Larmor diffraction and shows in principle that the setup can be used for inelastic phonon line-width measurements. The achievable resolution for Larmor diffraction is comparable to that using Neutron Resonance Spin Echo (NRSE) coils. Furthermore, the use of superconducting materials in the prisms allows high neutron polarization and transmission efficiency to be achieved.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-00740-5},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

TRISP: Three axes spin echo spectrometer
journal, June 2015

  • Keller, Thomas; Keimer, Bernhard
  • Journal of large-scale research facilities JLSRF, Vol. 1
  • DOI: 10.17815/jlsrf-1-41

Larmor precession, a technique for high-sensitivity neutron diffraction
journal, May 2001


Neutron spin echo: A new concept in polarized thermal neutron techniques
journal, April 1972

  • Mezei, F.
  • Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and nuclei, Vol. 255, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01394523

Larmor neutron diffraction with one precession arm
journal, January 2014

  • Rekveldt, M. T.; Plomp, J.; van Well, A. A.
  • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 47, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1107/S1600576713033839

Neutron Larmor diffraction measurements for materials science
journal, May 2010


Non-Fermi Liquid Metal Without Quantum Criticality
journal, June 2007


Neutron resonance spin-echo upgrade at the three-axis spectrometer FLEXX
journal, February 2015

  • Groitl, F.; Keller, T.; Quintero-Castro, D. L.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 86, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4908167

Performance and future of a neutron resonance spinecho spectrometer
journal, December 1996


Superconducting magnetic Wollaston prism for neutron spin encoding
journal, May 2014

  • Li, F.; Parnell, S. R.; Hamilton, W. A.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4875984

Compact spherical neutron polarimeter using high-Tc YBCO films
journal, March 2016

  • Wang, T.; Parnell, S. R.; Hamilton, W. A.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4943254

Design of a Cryogen Free Cryo-flipper using a High Tc YBCO Film
journal, January 2013


Performance of a polarised neutron cryo-flipper using a high TcYBCO film
journal, September 2013

  • Parnell, S. R.; Washington, A. L.; Kaiser, H.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 722
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.04.041

A novel neutron spin echo technique for measuring phonon linewidths using magnetic Wollaston prisms
journal, October 2014


Absolute linear thermal‐expansion measurements on copper and aluminum from 5 to 320 K 
journal, March 1977

  • Kroeger, F. R.; Swenson, C. A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 48, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.323746

Nuclear Induction
journal, October 1946


Study of magnon dynamics in Fe near Tc by modified neutron spin echo techniques
journal, January 1986


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Clinical Microscopy: Performance, Maintenance and Laser Safety
    journal, June 2019


    Design and performance of a superconducting neutron resonance spin flipper
    journal, January 2020

    • Dadisman, Ryan; Wasilko, David; Kaiser, Helmut
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 91, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5124681

    Generalized resolution matrix for neutron spin-echo three-axis spectrometers
    journal, May 2018

    • Groitl, Felix; Keller, Thomas; Habicht, Klaus
    • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 51, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1107/s1600576718005307

    Generation and detection of spin-orbit coupled neutron beams
    journal, September 2019

    • Sarenac, Dusan; Kapahi, Connor; Chen, Wangchun
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 116, Issue 41
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1906861116

    High-resolution phonon energy shift measurements with the inelastic neutron spin echo technique
    journal, June 2019

    • Li, Fankang; Shen, Jiazhou; Parnell, Steven R.
    • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 52, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1107/s1600576719008008