skip to main content


Title: Honeycomb-like S = 5/2 Spin–Lattices in Manganese(II) Vanadates

We synthesized new complex manganese vanadate materials as high-quality single crystals in multi-millimeter lengths using a high-temperature, high-pressure hydrothermal method. We grew one compound, Mn 5(VO 4) 2(OH) 4, from Mn 2O 3 and V 2O 5 in 3 M CsOH at 580 °C and 1.5 kbar. Changing the mineralizer to 1 M CsOH/3MCsCl leads to the formation of another product, Mn 6O(VO 4) 2(OH). Both compounds were structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (Mn 5(VO 4) 2(OH) 4: C2/m, Z = 2, a = 9.6568(9) Å, b = 9.5627(9) Å, c = 5.4139(6) Å, β = 98.529(8)°; Mn 6O(VO 4) 2(OH): P21/m, Z = 2, a = 8.9363(12) Å, b = 6.4678(8) Å, c = 10.4478(13) Å, β = 99.798(3)°), revealing interesting low-dimensional transition-metal features. Mn 5(VO 4) 2(OH) 4 possesses complex honeycomb-type Mn–O layers, built from edge-sharing [MnO 6] octahedra in the bc plane, with bridging vanadate groups connecting these layers along the a-axis. Mn 6O(VO 4) 2(OH) presents a more complicated structure with both octahedral [MnO 6] and trigonal bipyramidal [MnO 5] units. A different pattern of planar honeycomb sheets are formed by edge-shared [MnO6] octahedra, and these sublattices are connected through edge-shared dimers of [MnO 5]more » trigonal bipyramids to form corrugated sheets. Vanadate groups again condense the sheets into a three-dimensional framework. Infrared and Raman spectroscopies indicated the presence of OH groups and displayed characteristic Raman scattering due to vanadate groups. Furthermore, temperature-dependent magnetic studies indicated Curie–Weiss behavior above 100 K with significant anti-ferromagnetic coupling for both compounds, with further complex magnetic behavior at lower temperatures. The data indicate canted anti-ferromagnetic order below 57 K in Mn 5(VO 4) 2(OH) 4 and below 45 K in Mn 6O(VO 4) 2(OH). Members of another class of compounds, K 2M 3(VO 4) 2(OH) 2 (M = Mn, Co), also containing a honeycomb-type sublattice, were also synthesized to allow a comparison of the structural features across all three structure types and to demonstrate extension to other transition metals.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Clemson Univ., SC (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science and Technology Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; DMR-1410727
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: