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Title: Dark Matter Search in a Proton Beam Dump with MiniBooNE

Abstract

The MiniBooNE-DM Collaboration searched for vector-boson mediated production of dark matter using the Fermilab 8-GeV Booster proton beam in a dedicated run with 1.86 × 10 20 protons delivered to a steel beam dump. The MiniBooNE detector, 490 m downstream, is sensitive to dark matter via elastic scattering with nucleons in the detector mineral oil. Analysis methods developed for previous MiniBooNE scattering results were employed, and several constraining data sets were simultaneously analyzed to minimize systematic errors from neutrino flux and interaction rates. No excess of events over background was observed, leading to a 90% confidence limit on the dark matter cross section parameter, Y = ε 2α D(m χ/m V) 4≲10 –8, for α D = 0.5 and for dark matter masses of 0.01 < m χ < 0.3 GeV in a vector portal model of dark matter. This is the best limit from a dedicated proton beam dump search in this mass and coupling range and extends below the mass range of direct dark matter searches. Here, these results demonstrate a novel and powerful approach to dark matter searches with beam dump experiments.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
MiniBooNE-DM Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1346825
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1361001
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-059-AD-E-ND; arXiv:1702.02688
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 1512773
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A., Backfish, M., Bashyal, A., Batell, B., Brown, B. C., Carr, R., Chatterjee, A., Cooper, R. L., deNiverville, P., Dharmapalan, R., Djurcic, Z., Ford, R., Garcia, F. G., Garvey, G. T., Grange, J., Green, J. A., Huelsnitz, W., de Icaza Astiz, I. L., Karagiorgi, G., Katori, T., Ketchum, W., Kobilarcik, T., Liu, Q., Louis, W. C., Marsh, W., Moore, C. D., Mills, G. B., Mirabal, J., Nienaber, P., Pavlovic, Z., Perevalov, D., Ray, H., Roe, B. P., Shaevitz, M. H., Shahsavarani, S., Stancu, I., Tayloe, R., Taylor, C., Thornton, R. T., Van de Water, R., Wester, W., White, D. H., and Yu, J. Dark Matter Search in a Proton Beam Dump with MiniBooNE. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.221803.
Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A., Backfish, M., Bashyal, A., Batell, B., Brown, B. C., Carr, R., Chatterjee, A., Cooper, R. L., deNiverville, P., Dharmapalan, R., Djurcic, Z., Ford, R., Garcia, F. G., Garvey, G. T., Grange, J., Green, J. A., Huelsnitz, W., de Icaza Astiz, I. L., Karagiorgi, G., Katori, T., Ketchum, W., Kobilarcik, T., Liu, Q., Louis, W. C., Marsh, W., Moore, C. D., Mills, G. B., Mirabal, J., Nienaber, P., Pavlovic, Z., Perevalov, D., Ray, H., Roe, B. P., Shaevitz, M. H., Shahsavarani, S., Stancu, I., Tayloe, R., Taylor, C., Thornton, R. T., Van de Water, R., Wester, W., White, D. H., & Yu, J. Dark Matter Search in a Proton Beam Dump with MiniBooNE. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.221803.
Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A., Backfish, M., Bashyal, A., Batell, B., Brown, B. C., Carr, R., Chatterjee, A., Cooper, R. L., deNiverville, P., Dharmapalan, R., Djurcic, Z., Ford, R., Garcia, F. G., Garvey, G. T., Grange, J., Green, J. A., Huelsnitz, W., de Icaza Astiz, I. L., Karagiorgi, G., Katori, T., Ketchum, W., Kobilarcik, T., Liu, Q., Louis, W. C., Marsh, W., Moore, C. D., Mills, G. B., Mirabal, J., Nienaber, P., Pavlovic, Z., Perevalov, D., Ray, H., Roe, B. P., Shaevitz, M. H., Shahsavarani, S., Stancu, I., Tayloe, R., Taylor, C., Thornton, R. T., Van de Water, R., Wester, W., White, D. H., and Yu, J. Wed . "Dark Matter Search in a Proton Beam Dump with MiniBooNE". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.221803. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1346825.
@article{osti_1346825,
title = {Dark Matter Search in a Proton Beam Dump with MiniBooNE},
author = {Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A. and Backfish, M. and Bashyal, A. and Batell, B. and Brown, B. C. and Carr, R. and Chatterjee, A. and Cooper, R. L. and deNiverville, P. and Dharmapalan, R. and Djurcic, Z. and Ford, R. and Garcia, F. G. and Garvey, G. T. and Grange, J. and Green, J. A. and Huelsnitz, W. and de Icaza Astiz, I. L. and Karagiorgi, G. and Katori, T. and Ketchum, W. and Kobilarcik, T. and Liu, Q. and Louis, W. C. and Marsh, W. and Moore, C. D. and Mills, G. B. and Mirabal, J. and Nienaber, P. and Pavlovic, Z. and Perevalov, D. and Ray, H. and Roe, B. P. and Shaevitz, M. H. and Shahsavarani, S. and Stancu, I. and Tayloe, R. and Taylor, C. and Thornton, R. T. and Van de Water, R. and Wester, W. and White, D. H. and Yu, J.},
abstractNote = {The MiniBooNE-DM Collaboration searched for vector-boson mediated production of dark matter using the Fermilab 8-GeV Booster proton beam in a dedicated run with 1.86 × 1020 protons delivered to a steel beam dump. The MiniBooNE detector, 490 m downstream, is sensitive to dark matter via elastic scattering with nucleons in the detector mineral oil. Analysis methods developed for previous MiniBooNE scattering results were employed, and several constraining data sets were simultaneously analyzed to minimize systematic errors from neutrino flux and interaction rates. No excess of events over background was observed, leading to a 90% confidence limit on the dark matter cross section parameter, Y = ε2αD(mχ/mV)4≲10–8, for αD = 0.5 and for dark matter masses of 0.01 < mχ < 0.3 GeV in a vector portal model of dark matter. This is the best limit from a dedicated proton beam dump search in this mass and coupling range and extends below the mass range of direct dark matter searches. Here, these results demonstrate a novel and powerful approach to dark matter searches with beam dump experiments.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.221803},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 22,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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