skip to main content


Title: Effects of lignin structure on hydrodeoxygenation reactivity of pine wood lignin to valuable chemicals

Hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of two dilute acid flow through pretreated softwood lignin samples, including residual lignin in pretreated solid residues (ReL) and recovered insoluble lignin in pretreated liquid (RISL), with apparent different physical and chemical structures, was comprehensively studied. A combination of catalysts (HY zeolite and Ru/Al 2O 3) was employed to investigate the effects of lignin structures, especially condensed structures, on the HDO upgrading process. Results indicated that the condensed structure and short side chains in lignin hindered its HDO conversion under different reaction conditions, including catalyst loading and composition, hydrogen pressure, and reaction time. In addition to lignin structure, HY zeolite was found crucial for lignin depolymerization, while Ru/Al 2O 3 and relatively high hydrogen pressure (4 MPa) were necessary for upgrading unstable oxy-compounds to cyclohexanes at high selectivity (>95 wt %). Since the lignin structure essentially affects its reactivity during HDO conversion, the yield and selectivity of HDO products can be predicted by detailed characterization of the lignin structure. Furthermore, the insights gained from this study in the fundamental reaction mechanisms based on the lignin structure will facilitate upgrading of lignin to high-value products for applications in the production of both fuels and chemicals.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [5] ;  [1]
  1. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
  2. (People's Republic of China)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Southwest Research Inst. (SwRI), San Antonio, TX (United States)
  5. (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2168-0485
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; biofuel; condensed lignin; hydrodeoxygenation; lignin reactivity; softwood lignin
OSTI Identifier: