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Title: Toward clean suspended CVD graphene

The application of suspended graphene as electron transparent supporting media in electron microscopy, vacuum electronics, and micromechanical devices requires the least destructive and maximally clean transfer from their original growth substrate to the target of interest. Here, we use thermally evaporated anthracene films as the sacrificial layer for graphene transfer onto an arbitrary substrate. We show that clean suspended graphene can be achieved via desorbing the anthracene layer at temperatures in the 100 °C to 150 °C range, followed by two sequential annealing steps for the final cleaning, using a Pt catalyst and activated carbon. The cleanliness of the suspended graphene membranes was analyzed employing the high surface sensitivity of low energy scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A quantitative comparison with two other commonly used transfer methods revealed the superiority of the anthracene approach to obtain a larger area of clean, suspended CVD graphene. Lastly, our graphene transfer method based on anthracene paves the way for integrating cleaner graphene in various types of complex devices, including the ones that are heat and humidity sensitive.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
RSC Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 87; Journal ID: ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1344290

Yulaev, Alexander, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD, Cheng, Guangjun, Hight Walker, Angela R., Vlassiouk, Ivan V., Myers, Alline, Leite, Marina S., and Kolmakov, Andrei. Toward clean suspended CVD graphene. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1039/C6RA17360H.
Yulaev, Alexander, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD, Cheng, Guangjun, Hight Walker, Angela R., Vlassiouk, Ivan V., Myers, Alline, Leite, Marina S., & Kolmakov, Andrei. Toward clean suspended CVD graphene. United States. doi:10.1039/C6RA17360H.
Yulaev, Alexander, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD, Cheng, Guangjun, Hight Walker, Angela R., Vlassiouk, Ivan V., Myers, Alline, Leite, Marina S., and Kolmakov, Andrei. 2016. "Toward clean suspended CVD graphene". United States. doi:10.1039/C6RA17360H. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1344290.
@article{osti_1344290,
title = {Toward clean suspended CVD graphene},
author = {Yulaev, Alexander and Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD and Cheng, Guangjun and Hight Walker, Angela R. and Vlassiouk, Ivan V. and Myers, Alline and Leite, Marina S. and Kolmakov, Andrei},
abstractNote = {The application of suspended graphene as electron transparent supporting media in electron microscopy, vacuum electronics, and micromechanical devices requires the least destructive and maximally clean transfer from their original growth substrate to the target of interest. Here, we use thermally evaporated anthracene films as the sacrificial layer for graphene transfer onto an arbitrary substrate. We show that clean suspended graphene can be achieved via desorbing the anthracene layer at temperatures in the 100 °C to 150 °C range, followed by two sequential annealing steps for the final cleaning, using a Pt catalyst and activated carbon. The cleanliness of the suspended graphene membranes was analyzed employing the high surface sensitivity of low energy scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A quantitative comparison with two other commonly used transfer methods revealed the superiority of the anthracene approach to obtain a larger area of clean, suspended CVD graphene. Lastly, our graphene transfer method based on anthracene paves the way for integrating cleaner graphene in various types of complex devices, including the ones that are heat and humidity sensitive.},
doi = {10.1039/C6RA17360H},
journal = {RSC Advances},
number = 87,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}

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