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Title: Habitat use and population characteristics of potentially spawning shovelnose sturgeon Scaphirhynchus platorynchus (Rafinesque, 1820), blue sucker ( Cycleptus elongatus (Lesueur, 1817), and associated species in the lower Wisconsin River, USA

The goal of this study was to compare the possible locations, timing, and characteristics of potentially spawning shovelnose sturgeon ( Scaphirhynchus platorynchus), blue sucker ( Cycleptus elongatus), and associated species during the spring of 2007-2015 in the 149-km-long lower Wisconsin River, Wisconsin, USA, a large, shallow, sand-dominated Mississippi River tributary. A 5-km index station of two pairs of rocky shoals surrounded by sandy areas was electrofished for shovelnose sturgeon and blue sucker in a standardized fashion a total of 40 times from late March through mid- June, the presumed spawning period. On one date in 2008 and two dates in 2012, all rocky shoals and adjacent sandy areas in the lowermost 149 km of the river were also electrofished for both species. Shovelnose sturgeon and blue sucker appeared to spawn in the limited rocky areas of the river along with at least four other species: mooneye ( Hiodon tergisus), quillback ( Carpiodes cyprinus), smallmouth buffalo ( Ictiobus bubalus), and shorthead redhorse ( Moxostoma macrolepidotum), usually at depths of 0.8-2.0 m and surface velocities of 0.4–1.0 m/s. However, apparently spawning shovelnose sturgeon were found only on mid-channel cobble and coarse gravel shoals within a single 7-km segment that included the 5-kmmore » index station, whereas apparently spawning blue suckers were encountered on these same shoals but also more widely throughout the river on eroding bluff shorelines of bedrock and boulder and on artificial boulder wing dams and shoreline rip-rap. Both species showed evidence of homing to the same mid-channel shoal complexes across years.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI (United States)
  2. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Ichthyology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0175-8659
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1344280