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Title: Search for exotic spin-dependent interactions with a spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometer

Abstract

We propose a novel experimental approach to explore exotic spin-dependent interactions using a spin-exchange relaxation-free (SERF) magnetometer, the most sensitive noncryogenic magnetic-field sensor. This approach studies the interactions between optically polarized electron spins located inside a vapor cell of the SERF magnetometer and unpolarized or polarized particles of external solid-state objects. The coupling of spin-dependent interactions to the polarized electron spins of the magnetometer induces the tilt of the electron spins, which can be detected with high sensitivity by a probe laser beam similarly as an external magnetic field. Lastly, we estimate that by moving unpolarized or polarized objects next to the SERF Rb vapor cell, the experimental limit to the spin-dependent interactions can be significantly improved over existing experiments, and new limits on the coupling strengths can be set in the interaction range below 10–2 m.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC). Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1343701
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1294726
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-16-23942
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; TRN: US1701719
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; atomic and nuclear physics

Citation Formats

Chu, Pinghan, Kim, Young Jin, and Savukov, Igor Mykhaylovich. Search for exotic spin-dependent interactions with a spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometer. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.94.036002.
Chu, Pinghan, Kim, Young Jin, & Savukov, Igor Mykhaylovich. Search for exotic spin-dependent interactions with a spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometer. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.94.036002.
Chu, Pinghan, Kim, Young Jin, and Savukov, Igor Mykhaylovich. Mon . "Search for exotic spin-dependent interactions with a spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometer". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.94.036002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1343701.
@article{osti_1343701,
title = {Search for exotic spin-dependent interactions with a spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometer},
author = {Chu, Pinghan and Kim, Young Jin and Savukov, Igor Mykhaylovich},
abstractNote = {We propose a novel experimental approach to explore exotic spin-dependent interactions using a spin-exchange relaxation-free (SERF) magnetometer, the most sensitive noncryogenic magnetic-field sensor. This approach studies the interactions between optically polarized electron spins located inside a vapor cell of the SERF magnetometer and unpolarized or polarized particles of external solid-state objects. The coupling of spin-dependent interactions to the polarized electron spins of the magnetometer induces the tilt of the electron spins, which can be detected with high sensitivity by a probe laser beam similarly as an external magnetic field. Lastly, we estimate that by moving unpolarized or polarized objects next to the SERF Rb vapor cell, the experimental limit to the spin-dependent interactions can be significantly improved over existing experiments, and new limits on the coupling strengths can be set in the interaction range below 10–2 m.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.94.036002},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 3,
volume = 94,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}

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Cited by: 4 works
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