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Title: Reaction between Lithium Anode and Polysulfide Ions in a Lithium-Sulfur Battery

Here, the reaction between polysulfides and a lithium anode in a Li–S battery was examined using HPLC. The results demonstrated that the polysulfide species with six sulfur atoms or more were reactive with regard to lithium metal. Although the reaction can be greatly inhibited by the addition of LiNO 3 in the electrolyte, LiNO 3 cannot form a stable protection layer on the Li anode to prevent the reaction during storage.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States). College of Engineering and Applied Science, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-113426-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631; R&D Project: MA453MAEA; VT1201000
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ChemSusChem
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631
Publisher:
ChemPubSoc Europe
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; additives; batteries; hplc; sulfur; solid–electrolyte interphase
OSTI Identifier:
1342632