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Title: Novel Effects of Compressed CO 2 Molecules on Structural Ordering and Charge Transport in Conjugated Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Thin Films

We report the effects of compressed CO 2 molecules as a novel plasticization agent for poly(3- hexylthiophene) (P3HT) conjugated polymer thin films. In-situ neutron reflectivity experiment demonstrated the excess sorption of CO 2 molecules in the P3HT thin films (about 40 nm in thickness) at low pressure (P = 8.2 MPa) under the isothermal condition of T = 36 °C, which is far below the polymer bulk melting point. The results evidenced that these CO 2 molecules accelerated the crystallization process of the polymer on the basis of ex-situ grazing incidence Xray diffraction measurements after drying the films via rapid depressurization to atmospheric pressure: not only the out-of-plane lamellar ordering of the backbone chains but also intra-plane π-π stacking of the side chains were significantly improved, when compared to those in the control P3HT films subjected to conventional thermal annealing (at T = 170 °C). Electrical measurements elucidated that the CO 2-annealed P3HT thin films exhibited enhanced charge carrier mobility along with decreased background charge carrier concentration and trap density compared to those in the thermally annealed counterpart. This is attributed to the CO 2-induced increase in polymer chain mobility that can drive the detrapping of molecular oxygen and healingmore » of conformational defects in the polymer thin film. Given the universality of the excess sorption of CO 2regardless of the type of polymers, the present findings suggest that the CO 2 annealing near the critical point can be useful as a robust processing strategy for improving structural and electrical characteristics of other semiconducting conjugated polymers and related systems such as polymer: fullerene bulk heterojunction films.tion films.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Bogazici Univ. (Turkey)
  4. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
  5. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-113348-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0743-7463; TRN: US1701566
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Langmuir
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32; Journal Issue: 42; Journal ID: ISSN 0743-7463
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1341638