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Title: Practical stability limits of magnesium electrolytes

The development of a Mg ion based energy storage system could provide several benefits relative to today's Li-ion batteries, such as improved energy density. The electrolytes for Mg batteries, which are typically designed to efficiently plate and strip Mg, have not yet been proven to work with high voltage cathode materials that are needed to achieve high energy density. One possibility is that these electrolytes are inherently unstable on porous electrodes. To determine if this is indeed the case, the electrochemical properties of a variety of electrolytes were tested using a porous carbon coating on graphite foil and stainless steel electrodes. It was determined that the oxidative stability limit on these porous electrodes is considerably reduced as compared to those found using polished platinum electrodes. Furthermore, the voltage stability was found to be about 3 V vs. Mg metal for the best performing electrolytes. In conclusion, these results imply the need for further research to improve the stability of Mg electrolytes to enable high voltage Mg batteries.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States); Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 163; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; magnesium battery; battery; electrolyte stability; multivalent
OSTI Identifier:
1339620

Lipson, Albert L., Han, Sang -Don, Pan, Baofei, See, Kimberly A., Gewirth, Andrew A., Liao, Chen, Vaughey, John T., and Ingram, Brian J.. Practical stability limits of magnesium electrolytes. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1149/2.0451610jes.
Lipson, Albert L., Han, Sang -Don, Pan, Baofei, See, Kimberly A., Gewirth, Andrew A., Liao, Chen, Vaughey, John T., & Ingram, Brian J.. Practical stability limits of magnesium electrolytes. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0451610jes.
Lipson, Albert L., Han, Sang -Don, Pan, Baofei, See, Kimberly A., Gewirth, Andrew A., Liao, Chen, Vaughey, John T., and Ingram, Brian J.. 2016. "Practical stability limits of magnesium electrolytes". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0451610jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1339620.
@article{osti_1339620,
title = {Practical stability limits of magnesium electrolytes},
author = {Lipson, Albert L. and Han, Sang -Don and Pan, Baofei and See, Kimberly A. and Gewirth, Andrew A. and Liao, Chen and Vaughey, John T. and Ingram, Brian J.},
abstractNote = {The development of a Mg ion based energy storage system could provide several benefits relative to today's Li-ion batteries, such as improved energy density. The electrolytes for Mg batteries, which are typically designed to efficiently plate and strip Mg, have not yet been proven to work with high voltage cathode materials that are needed to achieve high energy density. One possibility is that these electrolytes are inherently unstable on porous electrodes. To determine if this is indeed the case, the electrochemical properties of a variety of electrolytes were tested using a porous carbon coating on graphite foil and stainless steel electrodes. It was determined that the oxidative stability limit on these porous electrodes is considerably reduced as compared to those found using polished platinum electrodes. Furthermore, the voltage stability was found to be about 3 V vs. Mg metal for the best performing electrolytes. In conclusion, these results imply the need for further research to improve the stability of Mg electrolytes to enable high voltage Mg batteries.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0451610jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 10,
volume = 163,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}