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Title: Probing plasmons in three dimensions by combining complementary spectroscopies in a scanning transmission electron microscope

The nanoscale optical response of surface plasmons in three-dimensional metallic nanostructures plays an important role in many nanotechnology applications, where precise spatial and spectral characteristics of plasmonic elements control device performance. Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) and cathodoluminescence (CL) within a scanning transmission electron microscope have proven to be valuable tools for studying plasmonics at the nanoscale. Each technique has been used separately, producing three-dimensional reconstructions through tomography, often aided by simulations for complete characterization. Here we demonstrate that the complementary nature of the two techniques, namely that EELS probes beam-induced electronic excitations while CL probes radiative decay, allows us to directly obtain a spatially- and spectrally-resolved picture of the plasmonic characteristics of nanostructures in three dimensions. Furthermore, the approach enables nanoparticle-by-nanoparticle plasmonic analysis in three dimensions to aid in the design of diverse nanoplasmonic applications.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Fisk Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
  5. Fisk Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
  6. National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 0957-4484
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY surface plasmons; electron energy loss spectroscopy; cathodoluminescence; scanning transmission electron microscopy
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1337843