skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Bridging soft-hard transport properties of quark-gluon plasmas with CUJET3.0

Abstract

A new model (CUJET3.0) of jet quenching in nuclear collisions coupled to bulk data constrained (VISH2+1D) viscous hydrodynamic backgrounds is constructed by generalizing the perturbative QCD based (CUJET2.0) model to include two complementary non-perturbative chromodynamical features of the QCD con_nement cross-over phase transition near Tc ≈ 160 MeV: (1) the suppression of quark and gluon chromo-electric-charged (cec) degrees of freedom and (2) the emergence of chromo-magnetic-monopole (cmm) degrees of freedom. Such a semi Quark Gluon Monopole Plasma (sQGMP) microscopic scenario is tested by comparing predictions of the leading hadron nuclear modification factors, R AA h (pT > 10GeV=c;√s), and their azimuthal elliptic asymmetry v 2 h (pT > 10GeV=c;√s) with available data on h =π, D;B jet fragments from nuclear collisions at RHIC (√s = 0.2 ATeV) and LHC(√s = 2.76 ATeV). The cmm degrees of freedom in the sQGMP model near T c are shown to solve robustly the long standing R AA vs v 2 puzzle by predicting a maximum of the jet quenching parameter field g(E; T)/T 3 near T c. The robustness of CUJET3.0 model to a number of theoretical uncertainties is critically tested. Moreover the consistency of jet quenching with observed bulk perfect uidity ismore » demonstrated by extrapolating the sQGMP qˆ down to thermal energy E ~ 3T scales and showing that the sQGMP shear viscosity to entropy density ratio η/s ≈ T 3/qˆ falls close to the unitarity bound, 1/4π, in the range (1–2)Tc. Detailed comparisons of the CUJET2.0 and CUJET3.0 models reveal the fact that remarkably different qˆ(T) dependence could be consistent with the same R AA data and could only be distinguished by anisotropy observables. Furthermore, these findings demonstrate clearly the inadequacy of focusing on the jet path averaged quantity as the only relevant medium property to characterize jet quenching, and point to the crucial roles of other essential factors beyond just the , such as the chromo electric and magnetic composition of the plasma, the screening masses and the running couplings at multiple scales which all strongly influence jet energy loss.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  2. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). RIKEN Research Center
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1335485
Report Number(s):
BNL-112167-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479; R&D Project: PO-3
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC00112704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2016; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Riken BNL Research Center; jets; heavy ion phenomenology; jet quenching; perfect fluidity; quark-gluon plasmas; chromomagnetic monopoles

Citation Formats

Xu, Jiechen, Liao, Jinfeng, and Gyulassy, Miklos. Bridging soft-hard transport properties of quark-gluon plasmas with CUJET3.0. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP02(2016)169.
Xu, Jiechen, Liao, Jinfeng, & Gyulassy, Miklos. Bridging soft-hard transport properties of quark-gluon plasmas with CUJET3.0. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP02(2016)169.
Xu, Jiechen, Liao, Jinfeng, and Gyulassy, Miklos. Mon . "Bridging soft-hard transport properties of quark-gluon plasmas with CUJET3.0". United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP02(2016)169. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1335485.
@article{osti_1335485,
title = {Bridging soft-hard transport properties of quark-gluon plasmas with CUJET3.0},
author = {Xu, Jiechen and Liao, Jinfeng and Gyulassy, Miklos},
abstractNote = {A new model (CUJET3.0) of jet quenching in nuclear collisions coupled to bulk data constrained (VISH2+1D) viscous hydrodynamic backgrounds is constructed by generalizing the perturbative QCD based (CUJET2.0) model to include two complementary non-perturbative chromodynamical features of the QCD con_nement cross-over phase transition near Tc ≈ 160 MeV: (1) the suppression of quark and gluon chromo-electric-charged (cec) degrees of freedom and (2) the emergence of chromo-magnetic-monopole (cmm) degrees of freedom. Such a semi Quark Gluon Monopole Plasma (sQGMP) microscopic scenario is tested by comparing predictions of the leading hadron nuclear modification factors, RAAh (pT > 10GeV=c;√s), and their azimuthal elliptic asymmetry v2h (pT > 10GeV=c;√s) with available data on h =π, D;B jet fragments from nuclear collisions at RHIC (√s = 0.2 ATeV) and LHC(√s = 2.76 ATeV). The cmm degrees of freedom in the sQGMP model near Tc are shown to solve robustly the long standing RAA vs v2 puzzle by predicting a maximum of the jet quenching parameter field g(E; T)/T3 near Tc. The robustness of CUJET3.0 model to a number of theoretical uncertainties is critically tested. Moreover the consistency of jet quenching with observed bulk perfect uidity is demonstrated by extrapolating the sQGMP qˆ down to thermal energy E ~ 3T scales and showing that the sQGMP shear viscosity to entropy density ratio η/s ≈ T3/qˆ falls close to the unitarity bound, 1/4π, in the range (1–2)Tc. Detailed comparisons of the CUJET2.0 and CUJET3.0 models reveal the fact that remarkably different qˆ(T) dependence could be consistent with the same RAA data and could only be distinguished by anisotropy observables. Furthermore, these findings demonstrate clearly the inadequacy of focusing on the jet path averaged quantity as the only relevant medium property to characterize jet quenching, and point to the crucial roles of other essential factors beyond just the , such as the chromo electric and magnetic composition of the plasma, the screening masses and the running couplings at multiple scales which all strongly influence jet energy loss.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP02(2016)169},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 2016,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 24 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Neutral pion production with respect to centrality and reaction plane in Au+Au collisions at s NN = 200 GeV
journal, March 2013


Neutral pion production in Au + Au collisions at s NN = 200 GeV
journal, October 2009


Anisotropic flow of charged hadrons, pions and (anti-)protons measured at high transverse momentum in Pb–Pb collisions at <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msqrt><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">NN</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>2.76</mml:mn><mml:mtext> TeV</mml:mtext></mml:math>
journal, February 2013


Centrality dependence of charged particle production at large transverse momentum in Pb–Pb collisions at <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msqrt><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">NN</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>2.76</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext>TeV</mml:mtext></mml:math>
journal, March 2013


Measurement of the pseudorapidity and transverse momentum dependence of the elliptic flow of charged particles in lead–lead collisions at <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msqrt><mml:msub><mml:mi>s</mml:mi><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">NN</mml:mi></mml:msub></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>2.76</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext>TeV</mml:mtext></mml:math> with the ATLAS detector
journal, February 2012


Study of high-p T charged particle suppression in PbPb compared to pp collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=2.76~\mathrm{TeV}$
journal, March 2012


Azimuthal Anisotropy of Charged Particles at High Transverse Momenta in Pb-Pb Collisions at s N N = 2.76 TeV
journal, July 2012


Azimuthal anisotropy of D -meson production in Pb-Pb collisions at s N N = 2.76 TeV
journal, September 2014


New forms of QCD matter discovered at RHIC
journal, March 2005


What RHIC experiments and theory tell us about properties of quark–gluon plasma?
journal, March 2005


First Results from Pb+Pb Collisions at the LHC
journal, November 2012


Energy Loss in Perturbative QCD
journal, December 2000


Matter in extremis: ultrarelativistic nuclear collisions at RHIC
journal, April 2005


Extracting the jet transport coefficient from jet quenching in high-energy heavy-ion collisions
journal, July 2014


Geometrical aspects of jet quenching in JEWEL
journal, July 2014


Saturation of elliptic flow and the transport opacity of the gluon plasma at RHIC
journal, January 2002


Constraints on the path-length dependence of jet quenching in nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC
journal, August 2014


Transport coefficients of QCD matter
journal, January 1985


Viscosity coefficient of the quark-gluon plasma in the weak coupling limit
journal, October 1991


Perfect fluidity of the quark–gluon plasma core as seen through its dissipative hadronic corona
journal, April 2006


Viscosity in Strongly Interacting Quantum Field Theories from Black Hole Physics
journal, March 2005


Conformal relativistic viscous hydrodynamics: Applications to RHIC results at s NN = 200 GeV
journal, September 2008


Event-by-Event Anisotropic Flow in Heavy-ion Collisions from Combined Yang-Mills and Viscous Fluid Dynamics
journal, January 2013


Azimuthal asymmetry at large p t seem to be too large for a pure “jet quenching”
journal, August 2002


Azimuthal jet flavor tomography with CUJET2.0 of nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC
journal, August 2014

  • Xu, Jiechen; Buzzatti, Alessandro; Gyulassy, Miklos
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP08(2014)063

II. Vortices and quark confinement in non-Abelian gauge theories
journal, February 1976


Quark confinement and topology of gauge theories
journal, March 1977


Topology of the gauge condition and new confinement phases in non-abelian gauge theories
journal, October 1981


Electric-magnetic duality, monopole condensation, and confinement in N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
journal, September 1994


Monopoles, duality and chiral symmetry breaking in N = 2 supersymmetric QCD
journal, December 1994


Strongly coupled plasma with electric and magnetic charges
journal, May 2007


The Magnetic Component of Quark-Gluon Plasma is also a Liquid
journal, October 2008


Angular Dependence of Jet Quenching Indicates Its Strong Enhancement near the QCD Phase Transition
journal, May 2009


Effect of Light Fermions on the Confinement Transition in QCD-Like Theories
journal, October 2012


Quantised Singularities in the Electromagnetic Field
journal, September 1931

  • Dirac, P. A. M.
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 133, Issue 821
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.1931.0130

Hard probe of geometry and fluctuations in heavy ion collisions at s N N = 0.2 , 2.76, and 5.5 TeV
journal, January 2014


Full result for the QCD equation of state with <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd" xmlns:sa="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-aff/dtd"><mml:mn>2</mml:mn><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mn>1</mml:mn></mml:math> flavors
journal, March 2014


Lattice calculation of gluon screening masses
journal, January 2004


Fluctuations of conserved charges at finite temperature from lattice QCD
journal, January 2012

  • Borsányi, Szabolcs; Fodor, Zoltán; Katz, Sándor D.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP01(2012)138

Effective theory of Wilson lines and deconfinement
journal, December 2006


Collisional energy loss above the critical temperature in QCD
journal, March 2014


Production and Elliptic Flow of Dileptons and Photons in a Matrix Model of the Quark-Gluon Plasma
journal, February 2015


Dilepton and photon production in the presence of a nontrivial Polyakov loop
journal, October 2015

  • Hidaka, Yoshimasa; Lin, Shu; Pisarski, Robert D.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP10(2015)005

Consistency of Perfect Fluidity and Jet Quenching in Semi-Quark-Gluon Monopole Plasmas
journal, August 2015


The tricky azimuthal dependence of jet quenching at RHIC and LHC via CUJET2.0
journal, December 2014


Photon and gluon emission in relativistic plasmas
journal, June 2002


Effective kinetic theory for high temperature gauge theories
journal, January 2003


Transport coefficients in high temperature gauge theories, 2. Beyond leading log
journal, May 2003


Gluon radiation off hard quarks in a nuclear environment: opacity expansion
journal, November 2000


Calculating quenching weights
journal, July 2003


Medium-induced gluon radiation off massive quarks fills the dead cone
journal, June 2004


Measuring the Collective Flow with Jets
journal, December 2004


Testing the color charge and mass dependence of parton energy loss with heavy-to-light ratios at BNL RHIC and CERN LHC
journal, March 2005


Radiative energy loss of high energy quarks and gluons in a finite-volume quark-gluon plasma
journal, January 1997


Radiative energy loss of high-energy quarks in finite-size nuclear matter and quark-gluon plasma
journal, April 1997

  • Zakharov, B. G.
  • Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics Letters, Vol. 65, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1134/1.567389

Medium-induced radiative energy loss; equivalence between the BDMPS and Zakharov formalisms
journal, October 1998


Multiple Scattering, Parton Energy Loss, and Modified Fragmentation Functions in Deeply Inelastic eA Scattering
journal, October 2000


Multiple parton scattering in nuclei: parton energy loss
journal, December 2001


Jet modification in three dimensional fluid dynamics at next-to-leading twist
journal, October 2007


Multiple collisions and induced gluon bremsstrahlung in QCD
journal, June 1994


Jet quenching in thin quark–gluon plasmas I: formalism
journal, April 2000


Reaction operator approach to non-abelian energy loss
journal, January 2001


Reaction operator approach to multiple elastic scatterings
journal, July 2002


High- p T Tomography of d + A u and A u + A u at SPS, RHIC, and LHC
journal, December 2002


Heavy quark radiative energy loss in QCD matter
journal, March 2004


Elastic, inelastic, and path length fluctuations in jet tomography
journal, March 2007


Jet Flavor Tomography of Quark Gluon Plasmas at RHIC and LHC
journal, January 2012


Radiative Energy Loss in a Finite Dynamical QCD Medium
journal, July 2008


A running coupling explanation of the surprising transparency of the QGP at LHC
journal, May 2013


Wilson loops in heavy ion collisions and their calculation in AdS/CFT
journal, March 2007


How does transverse (hydrodynamic) flow affect jet-broadening and jet-quenching?
journal, May 2007


Jet quenching with running coupling including radiative and collisional energy losses
journal, February 2008


Parton energy loss in an expanding quark-gluon plasma: Radiative vs. collisional
journal, December 2007


Quark damping and energy loss in the high temperature QCD
journal, March 1991


200 A GeV Au + Au Collisions Serve a Nearly Perfect Quark-Gluon Liquid
journal, May 2011


Suppression of the High- p T Charged-Hadron R A A at the LHC
journal, November 2012


Hydrodynamic elliptic and triangular flow in Pb–Pb collisions at <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msqrt><mml:msub><mml:mi>s</mml:mi><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">NN</mml:mi></mml:msub></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>2.76</mml:mn><mml:mi>A</mml:mi><mml:mtext> TeV</mml:mtext></mml:math>
journal, January 2012


Collision energy dependence of viscous hydrodynamic flow in relativistic heavy-ion collisions
journal, May 2012


The iEBE-VISHNU code package for relativistic heavy-ion collisions
journal, February 2016


QCD Predictions for Charm and Bottom Quark Production at RHIC
journal, September 2005


High-energy scattering of protons by nuclei
journal, January 1970


Hadron spectra and elliptic flow for 200  A GeV Au + Au collisions from viscous hydrodynamics coupled to a Boltzmann cascade
journal, May 2011


Fragmentation functions for pions, kaons, and protons at next-to-leading order
journal, August 2000


Confronting current NLO parton fragmentation functions with inclusive charged-particle spectra at hadron colliders
journal, June 2014


Energy dependence of the transverse momentum distributions of charged particles in pp collisions measured by ALICE
journal, December 2013


Midrapidity Neutral-Pion Production in Proton-Proton Collisions at s = 200 G e V
journal, December 2003


Magnetic Component of Yang-Mills Plasma
journal, February 2007


Radiative parton energy loss in an expanding quark-gluon plasma with magnetic monopoles
journal, May 2015


Generalization of radiative jet energy loss to non-zero magnetic mass
journal, March 2012


QCD forces and heavy quark bound states
journal, March 2001


Implications of exact SUSY gauge couplings for QCD
journal, January 1999


Quark-number susceptibility of high-temperature QCD
journal, November 1987


What do lattice baryonic susceptibilities tell us about quarks, diquarks, and baryons at T > T c ?
journal, January 2006


On the baryonic density and susceptibilities in a holographic model of QCD
journal, November 2009


Conserved charge fluctuations and susceptibilities in strongly interacting matter
journal, June 2013


Toward a solution to the R AA and v 2 puzzle for heavy quarks
journal, July 2015


Calculating the Jet Quenching Parameter
journal, November 2006


Small Shear Viscosity of a Quark-Gluon Plasma Implies Strong Jet Quenching
journal, November 2007


Transport Coefficients of Hadronic Matter Near T c
journal, October 2009


Influence of Shear Viscosity of Quark-Gluon Plasma on Elliptic Flow in Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions
journal, May 2011


Transport Coefficients in Yang-Mills Theory and QCD
journal, September 2015


Importance of the Bulk Viscosity of QCD in Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions
journal, September 2015


Radiative -broadening of high-energy quarks and gluons in QCD matter
journal, October 2013


Next-to-Leading Order QCD Factorization for Semi-Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering at Twist 4
journal, March 2014


The non-linear evolution of jet quenching
journal, October 2014


Renormalization of the jet-quenching parameter
journal, September 2014