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Title: Could multiple voids explain the cosmic microwave background Cold Spot anomaly?

Abstract

Understanding the observed Cold Spot (CS) (temperature of ~ -150 mu K at its centre) on the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is an outstanding problem. Explanations vary from assuming it is just a ≳ 3σ primordial Gaussian fluctuation to the imprint of a supervoid via the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe and Rees-Sciama (ISW+RS) effects. Since single spherical supervoids cannot account for the full profile, the ISW+RS of multiple line-of-sight voids is studied here to mimic the structure of the cosmic web. Two structure configurations are considered. The first, through simulations of 20 voids, produces a central mean temperature of ~-50 mu K. In this model the central CS temperature lies at ~ 2σ but fails to explain the CS hot ring. An alternative multi-void model (using more pronounced compensated voids) produces much smaller temperature profiles, but contains a prominent hot ring. Arrangements containing closely placed voids at low redshift are found to be particularly well suited to produce CS-like profiles. We then measure the significance of the CS if CS-like profiles (which are fitted to the ISW+RS of multi-void scenarios) are removed. Furthermore, the CS tension with the LCDM model can be reduced dramatically for an array of temperature profiles smaller thanmore » the CS itself.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. College London, London (United Kingdom)
  2. Univ. College London, London (United Kingdom); Sorbonne Univ., Paris (France); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1330372
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1512.02694; FERMILAB-PUB-15-651-A
Journal ID: ISSN 1745-3925; 1408837
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 459; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1745-3925
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; cosmic background radiation; large-scale structure of Universe

Citation Formats

Naidoo, Krishna, Benoit-Levy, Aurelien, and Lahav, Ofer. Could multiple voids explain the cosmic microwave background Cold Spot anomaly?. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slw043.
Naidoo, Krishna, Benoit-Levy, Aurelien, & Lahav, Ofer. Could multiple voids explain the cosmic microwave background Cold Spot anomaly?. United States. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slw043.
Naidoo, Krishna, Benoit-Levy, Aurelien, and Lahav, Ofer. Sun . "Could multiple voids explain the cosmic microwave background Cold Spot anomaly?". United States. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slw043. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1330372.
@article{osti_1330372,
title = {Could multiple voids explain the cosmic microwave background Cold Spot anomaly?},
author = {Naidoo, Krishna and Benoit-Levy, Aurelien and Lahav, Ofer},
abstractNote = {Understanding the observed Cold Spot (CS) (temperature of ~ -150 mu K at its centre) on the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is an outstanding problem. Explanations vary from assuming it is just a ≳ 3σ primordial Gaussian fluctuation to the imprint of a supervoid via the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe and Rees-Sciama (ISW+RS) effects. Since single spherical supervoids cannot account for the full profile, the ISW+RS of multiple line-of-sight voids is studied here to mimic the structure of the cosmic web. Two structure configurations are considered. The first, through simulations of 20 voids, produces a central mean temperature of ~-50 mu K. In this model the central CS temperature lies at ~ 2σ but fails to explain the CS hot ring. An alternative multi-void model (using more pronounced compensated voids) produces much smaller temperature profiles, but contains a prominent hot ring. Arrangements containing closely placed voids at low redshift are found to be particularly well suited to produce CS-like profiles. We then measure the significance of the CS if CS-like profiles (which are fitted to the ISW+RS of multi-void scenarios) are removed. Furthermore, the CS tension with the LCDM model can be reduced dramatically for an array of temperature profiles smaller than the CS itself.},
doi = {10.1093/mnrasl/slw043},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters},
number = 1,
volume = 459,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}

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