skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Recent developments in Geant4

Abstract

Geant4 is a software toolkit for the simulation of the passage of particles through matter. It is used by a large number of experiments and projects in a variety of application domains, including high energy physics, astrophysics and space science, medical physics and radiation protection. Over the past several years, major changes have been made to the toolkit in order to accommodate the needs of these user communities, and to efficiently exploit the growth of computing power made available by advances in technology. In conclusion, the adaptation of Geant4 to multithreading, advances in physics, detector modeling and visualization, extensions to the toolkit, including biasing and reverse Monte Carlo, and tools for physics and release validation are discussed here.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Contributing Org.:
GEANT4 Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1329056
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1347660; OSTI ID: 1348985; OSTI ID: 1439604; OSTI ID: 1454867
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-16-447-CD; LLNL-JRNL-704362
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; 1488031
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; AC52-07NA27344; AC02-76SF00515; SC0016583; NA0000979
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 835; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; high energy physics; nuclear physics; radiation; simulation; computing; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Geant4

Citation Formats

Allison, J., Amako, K., Apostolakis, J., Arce, P., Asai, M., Aso, T., Bagli, E., Bagulya, A., Banerjee, S., Barrand, G., Beck, B. R., Bogdanov, A. G., Brandt, D., Brown, J. M. C., Burkhardt, H., Canal, Ph., Cano-Ott, D., Chauvie, S., Cho, K., Cirrone, G. A. P., Cooperman, G., Cortés-Giraldo, M. A., Cosmo, G., Cuttone, G., Depaola, G., Desorgher, L., Dong, X., Dotti, A., Elvira, V. D., Folger, G., Francis, Z., Galoyan, A., Garnier, L., Gayer, M., Genser, K. L., Grichine, V. M., Guatelli, S., Guèye, P., Gumplinger, P., Howard, A. S., Hřivnáčová, I., Hwang, S., Incerti, S., Ivanchenko, A., Ivanchenko, V. N., Jones, F. W., Jun, S. Y., Kaitaniemi, P., Karakatsanis, N., Karamitrosi, M., Kelsey, M., Kimura, A., Koi, T., Kurashige, H., Lechner, A., Lee, S. B., Longo, F., Maire, M., Mancusi, D., Mantero, A., Mendoza, E., Morgan, B., Murakami, K., Nikitina, T., Pandola, L., Paprocki, P., Perl, J., Petrović, I., Pia, M. G., Pokorski, W., Quesada, J. M., Raine, M., Reis, M. A., Ribon, A., Ristić Fira, A., Romano, F., Russo, G., Santin, G., Sasaki, T., Sawkey, D., Shin, J. I., Strakovsky, I. I., Taborda, A., Tanaka, S., Tomé, B., Toshito, T., Tran, H. N., Truscott, P. R., Urban, L., Uzhinsky, V., Verbeke, J. M., Verderi, M., Wendt, B. L., Wenzel, H., Wright, D. H., Wright, D. M., Yamashita, T., Yarba, J., and Yoshida, H. Recent developments in Geant4. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.125.
Allison, J., Amako, K., Apostolakis, J., Arce, P., Asai, M., Aso, T., Bagli, E., Bagulya, A., Banerjee, S., Barrand, G., Beck, B. R., Bogdanov, A. G., Brandt, D., Brown, J. M. C., Burkhardt, H., Canal, Ph., Cano-Ott, D., Chauvie, S., Cho, K., Cirrone, G. A. P., Cooperman, G., Cortés-Giraldo, M. A., Cosmo, G., Cuttone, G., Depaola, G., Desorgher, L., Dong, X., Dotti, A., Elvira, V. D., Folger, G., Francis, Z., Galoyan, A., Garnier, L., Gayer, M., Genser, K. L., Grichine, V. M., Guatelli, S., Guèye, P., Gumplinger, P., Howard, A. S., Hřivnáčová, I., Hwang, S., Incerti, S., Ivanchenko, A., Ivanchenko, V. N., Jones, F. W., Jun, S. Y., Kaitaniemi, P., Karakatsanis, N., Karamitrosi, M., Kelsey, M., Kimura, A., Koi, T., Kurashige, H., Lechner, A., Lee, S. B., Longo, F., Maire, M., Mancusi, D., Mantero, A., Mendoza, E., Morgan, B., Murakami, K., Nikitina, T., Pandola, L., Paprocki, P., Perl, J., Petrović, I., Pia, M. G., Pokorski, W., Quesada, J. M., Raine, M., Reis, M. A., Ribon, A., Ristić Fira, A., Romano, F., Russo, G., Santin, G., Sasaki, T., Sawkey, D., Shin, J. I., Strakovsky, I. I., Taborda, A., Tanaka, S., Tomé, B., Toshito, T., Tran, H. N., Truscott, P. R., Urban, L., Uzhinsky, V., Verbeke, J. M., Verderi, M., Wendt, B. L., Wenzel, H., Wright, D. H., Wright, D. M., Yamashita, T., Yarba, J., & Yoshida, H. Recent developments in Geant4. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.125.
Allison, J., Amako, K., Apostolakis, J., Arce, P., Asai, M., Aso, T., Bagli, E., Bagulya, A., Banerjee, S., Barrand, G., Beck, B. R., Bogdanov, A. G., Brandt, D., Brown, J. M. C., Burkhardt, H., Canal, Ph., Cano-Ott, D., Chauvie, S., Cho, K., Cirrone, G. A. P., Cooperman, G., Cortés-Giraldo, M. A., Cosmo, G., Cuttone, G., Depaola, G., Desorgher, L., Dong, X., Dotti, A., Elvira, V. D., Folger, G., Francis, Z., Galoyan, A., Garnier, L., Gayer, M., Genser, K. L., Grichine, V. M., Guatelli, S., Guèye, P., Gumplinger, P., Howard, A. S., Hřivnáčová, I., Hwang, S., Incerti, S., Ivanchenko, A., Ivanchenko, V. N., Jones, F. W., Jun, S. Y., Kaitaniemi, P., Karakatsanis, N., Karamitrosi, M., Kelsey, M., Kimura, A., Koi, T., Kurashige, H., Lechner, A., Lee, S. B., Longo, F., Maire, M., Mancusi, D., Mantero, A., Mendoza, E., Morgan, B., Murakami, K., Nikitina, T., Pandola, L., Paprocki, P., Perl, J., Petrović, I., Pia, M. G., Pokorski, W., Quesada, J. M., Raine, M., Reis, M. A., Ribon, A., Ristić Fira, A., Romano, F., Russo, G., Santin, G., Sasaki, T., Sawkey, D., Shin, J. I., Strakovsky, I. I., Taborda, A., Tanaka, S., Tomé, B., Toshito, T., Tran, H. N., Truscott, P. R., Urban, L., Uzhinsky, V., Verbeke, J. M., Verderi, M., Wendt, B. L., Wenzel, H., Wright, D. H., Wright, D. M., Yamashita, T., Yarba, J., and Yoshida, H. Fri . "Recent developments in Geant4". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.125. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1329056.
@article{osti_1329056,
title = {Recent developments in Geant4},
author = {Allison, J. and Amako, K. and Apostolakis, J. and Arce, P. and Asai, M. and Aso, T. and Bagli, E. and Bagulya, A. and Banerjee, S. and Barrand, G. and Beck, B. R. and Bogdanov, A. G. and Brandt, D. and Brown, J. M. C. and Burkhardt, H. and Canal, Ph. and Cano-Ott, D. and Chauvie, S. and Cho, K. and Cirrone, G. A. P. and Cooperman, G. and Cortés-Giraldo, M. A. and Cosmo, G. and Cuttone, G. and Depaola, G. and Desorgher, L. and Dong, X. and Dotti, A. and Elvira, V. D. and Folger, G. and Francis, Z. and Galoyan, A. and Garnier, L. and Gayer, M. and Genser, K. L. and Grichine, V. M. and Guatelli, S. and Guèye, P. and Gumplinger, P. and Howard, A. S. and Hřivnáčová, I. and Hwang, S. and Incerti, S. and Ivanchenko, A. and Ivanchenko, V. N. and Jones, F. W. and Jun, S. Y. and Kaitaniemi, P. and Karakatsanis, N. and Karamitrosi, M. and Kelsey, M. and Kimura, A. and Koi, T. and Kurashige, H. and Lechner, A. and Lee, S. B. and Longo, F. and Maire, M. and Mancusi, D. and Mantero, A. and Mendoza, E. and Morgan, B. and Murakami, K. and Nikitina, T. and Pandola, L. and Paprocki, P. and Perl, J. and Petrović, I. and Pia, M. G. and Pokorski, W. and Quesada, J. M. and Raine, M. and Reis, M. A. and Ribon, A. and Ristić Fira, A. and Romano, F. and Russo, G. and Santin, G. and Sasaki, T. and Sawkey, D. and Shin, J. I. and Strakovsky, I. I. and Taborda, A. and Tanaka, S. and Tomé, B. and Toshito, T. and Tran, H. N. and Truscott, P. R. and Urban, L. and Uzhinsky, V. and Verbeke, J. M. and Verderi, M. and Wendt, B. L. and Wenzel, H. and Wright, D. H. and Wright, D. M. and Yamashita, T. and Yarba, J. and Yoshida, H.},
abstractNote = {Geant4 is a software toolkit for the simulation of the passage of particles through matter. It is used by a large number of experiments and projects in a variety of application domains, including high energy physics, astrophysics and space science, medical physics and radiation protection. Over the past several years, major changes have been made to the toolkit in order to accommodate the needs of these user communities, and to efficiently exploit the growth of computing power made available by advances in technology. In conclusion, the adaptation of Geant4 to multithreading, advances in physics, detector modeling and visualization, extensions to the toolkit, including biasing and reverse Monte Carlo, and tools for physics and release validation are discussed here.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.125},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 835,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 99 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referencing / citing this record:

Yields and production rates of cosmogenic 9Li and 8He measured with the Double Chooz near and far detectors
journal, November 2018

  • de Kerret, H.; Abrahão, T.; Almazan, H.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1007/jhep11(2018)053

Experimental survey of the production of α -decaying heavy elements in U 238 + Th 232 reactions at 7.5–6.1 MeV/nucleon
journal, June 2018


Fast-neutron-induced fission cross section of Pu 242 measured at the neutron time-of-flight facility n ELBE
journal, February 2019


Towards Understanding the Origin of Cosmic-Ray Electrons
journal, March 2019


Electromagnetic dipole moments of charged baryons with bent crystals at the LHC
journal, December 2017


Study of the underlying event in top quark pair production in $$\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}$$ p p collisions at 13 $$~\text {Te}\text {V}$$ Te
journal, February 2019


Heavy resonances at energy-frontier hadron colliders
journal, July 2019


Nonlinear Breit–Wheeler pair creation with bremsstrahlung γ rays
journal, March 2018


Virtual depth by active background suppression: revisiting the cosmic muon induced background of Gerda Phase II
journal, July 2018


Cosmogenic activation of materials
journal, October 2017


Radioactive contamination of scintillators
journal, March 2018

  • Danevich, F. A.; Tretyak, V. I.
  • International Journal of Modern Physics A, Vol. 33, Issue 09
  • DOI: 10.1142/s0217751x18430078

Yields and production rates of cosmogenic 9Li and 8He measured with the Double Chooz near and far detectors
journal, November 2018

  • de Kerret, H.; Abrahão, T.; Almazan, H.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1007/jhep11(2018)053

Dosimetric evaluation of a commercial proton spot scanning Monte-Carlo dose algorithm: comparisons against measurements and simulations
journal, September 2017

  • Saini, Jatinder; Maes, Dominic; Egan, Alexander
  • Physics in Medicine & Biology, Vol. 62, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6560/aa82a5

Nonlinear Breit–Wheeler pair creation with bremsstrahlung γ rays
journal, March 2018


Experimental survey of the production of α -decaying heavy elements in U 238 + Th 232 reactions at 7.5–6.1 MeV/nucleon
journal, June 2018


Fast-neutron-induced fission cross section of Pu 242 measured at the neutron time-of-flight facility n ELBE
journal, February 2019


Towards Understanding the Origin of Cosmic-Ray Electrons
journal, March 2019


Electromagnetic dipole moments of charged baryons with bent crystals at the LHC
journal, December 2017


Virtual depth by active background suppression: revisiting the cosmic muon induced background of Gerda Phase II
journal, July 2018


Study of the underlying event in top quark pair production in $$\mathrm {p}\mathrm {p}$$ p p collisions at 13 $$~\text {Te}\text {V}$$ Te
journal, February 2019


Heavy resonances at energy-frontier hadron colliders
journal, July 2019


Cosmogenic activation of materials
journal, October 2017


Radioactive contamination of scintillators
journal, March 2018

  • Danevich, F. A.; Tretyak, V. I.
  • International Journal of Modern Physics A, Vol. 33, Issue 09
  • DOI: 10.1142/s0217751x18430078

Scintillating fibre detector for the Mu3e experiment
journal, July 2017


Experimental constraints on the Zn 73 ( n , γ ) Zn 74 reaction rate
journal, March 2019


A biomimetic approach to shielding from ionizing radiation: The case of melanized fungi
journal, April 2020