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Title: Characterization of ordering in A-site deficient perovskite Ca 1–xLa 2x/3TiO 3 using STEM/EELS

The vacancy ordering behavior of an A-site deficient perovskite system, Ca 1–xLa 2x/3TiO 3, was studied using atomic resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) in conjunction with electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS), with the aim of determining the role of A-site composition changes. At low La content (x = 0.2), adopting Pbnm symmetry, there was no indication of long-range ordering. Domains, with clear boundaries, were observed in bright-field (BF) imaging, but were not immediately visible in the corresponding high-angle annular dark-field (HAADF) image. These boundaries, with the aid of displacement maps from A-site cations in the HAADF signal, are shown to be tilt boundaries. At the La-rich end of the composition (x = 0.9), adopting Cmmm symmetry, long-range ordering of vacancies and La 3+ ions was observed, with alternating La-rich and La-poor layers on (001)p planes, creating a double perovskite lattice along the c axis. These highly ordered domains can be found isolated within a random distribution of vacancies/La 3+, or within a large population, encompassing a large volume. In regions with a high number density of double perovskite domains, these highly ordered domains were separated by twin boundaries, with 90° or 180° lattice rotations across boundaries. In conclusion, the occurrencemore » and characteristics of these ordered structures are discussed and compared with similar perovskite systems.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [6]
  1. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
  2. SuperSTEM Lab., Warrington (United Kingdom)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Sheffield, Sheffield (United Kingdom); Univ. of Liverpool, Liverpool (United Kingdom)
  5. Univ. of Sheffield, Sheffield (United Kingdom)
  6. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231
Published Article
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1329131; OSTI ID: 1440000