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Title: Surface engineering of hierarchical platinum-cobalt nanowires for efficient electrocatalysis

Despite intense research in past decades, the lack of high-performance catalysts for fuel cell reactions remains a challenge in realizing fuel cell technologies for transportation applications. Here we report a facile strategy for synthesizing hierarchical platinum-cobalt nanowires with high-index, platinum-rich facets and ordered intermetallic structure. These structural features enable unprecedented performance for the oxygen reduction and alcohol oxidation reactions. The specific/mass activities of the platinum-cobalt nanowires for oxygen reduction reaction are 39.6/33.7 times higher than commercial Pt/C catalyst, respectively. Density functional theory simulations reveal that the active threefold hollow sites on the platinum-rich high-index facets provide an additional factor in enhancing oxygen reduction reaction activities. The nanowires are stable in the electrochemical conditions and also thermally stable. Furthermore, this work may represent a key step towards scalable production of high performance platinum-based nanowires for applications in catalysis and energy conversion.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Soochow Univ., Jiangsu (China)
  2. Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
  3. California State Univ. (CalState), Northridge, CA (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; ncomms11850
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704; SC00112704
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC, Upton, NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Hierarchical Nanowires; STEM; Electrocatalysts; Center for Functional Nanomaterials
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1336135