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Title: The role of gut microbiota in fetal methylmercury exposure: Insights from a pilot study

Abstract

The mechanisms by which gut microbiota contribute to methylmercury metabolism remain unclear. Among a cohort of pregnant mothers, the main objectives of our pilot study were to determine 1) associations between gut microbiota and mercury concentrations in biomarkers (stool, hair and cord blood) and 2) the contributions of gut microbial mercury methylation/demethylation to stool methylmercury. Moreover, for pregnant women (36-39 weeks gestation, n=17) donated hair and stool specimens, and cord blood was collected for a subset (n=7). The diversity of gut microbiota was determined using 16S rRNA gene profiling (n=17). For 6 stool samples with highest/lowest methylmercury concentrations, metagenomic whole genome shotgun sequencing was employed to search for one mercury methylation gene (hgcA), and two mer operon genes involved in methylmercury detoxification (merA and merB). There were seventeen bacterial genera that were significantly correlated (increasing or decreasing) with stool methylmercury, stool inorganic mercury, or hair total mercury; however, aside from one genus, there was no overlap between biomarkers. No definitive matches for hgcA or merB, while merA were detected at low concentrations in all six samples. Proportional differences in stool methylmercury were not likely attributed to gut microbiota through methylation/demethylation. Gut microbiota potentially altered methylmercury metabolism using indirect pathways.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)
  2. Greenville Health System, SC (United States)
  3. Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1286950
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396957
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Toxicology Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 242; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-4274
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; mercury; methylmercury; gut; microbiome; metabolism; human health

Citation Formats

Rothenberg, Sarah E., Keiser, Sharon, Ajami, Nadim J., Wong, Matthew C., Gesell, Jonathan, Petrosino, Joseph F., and Johs, Alexander. The role of gut microbiota in fetal methylmercury exposure: Insights from a pilot study. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.toxlet.2015.11.022.
Rothenberg, Sarah E., Keiser, Sharon, Ajami, Nadim J., Wong, Matthew C., Gesell, Jonathan, Petrosino, Joseph F., & Johs, Alexander. The role of gut microbiota in fetal methylmercury exposure: Insights from a pilot study. United States. doi:10.1016/j.toxlet.2015.11.022.
Rothenberg, Sarah E., Keiser, Sharon, Ajami, Nadim J., Wong, Matthew C., Gesell, Jonathan, Petrosino, Joseph F., and Johs, Alexander. Mon . "The role of gut microbiota in fetal methylmercury exposure: Insights from a pilot study". United States. doi:10.1016/j.toxlet.2015.11.022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1286950.
@article{osti_1286950,
title = {The role of gut microbiota in fetal methylmercury exposure: Insights from a pilot study},
author = {Rothenberg, Sarah E. and Keiser, Sharon and Ajami, Nadim J. and Wong, Matthew C. and Gesell, Jonathan and Petrosino, Joseph F. and Johs, Alexander},
abstractNote = {The mechanisms by which gut microbiota contribute to methylmercury metabolism remain unclear. Among a cohort of pregnant mothers, the main objectives of our pilot study were to determine 1) associations between gut microbiota and mercury concentrations in biomarkers (stool, hair and cord blood) and 2) the contributions of gut microbial mercury methylation/demethylation to stool methylmercury. Moreover, for pregnant women (36-39 weeks gestation, n=17) donated hair and stool specimens, and cord blood was collected for a subset (n=7). The diversity of gut microbiota was determined using 16S rRNA gene profiling (n=17). For 6 stool samples with highest/lowest methylmercury concentrations, metagenomic whole genome shotgun sequencing was employed to search for one mercury methylation gene (hgcA), and two mer operon genes involved in methylmercury detoxification (merA and merB). There were seventeen bacterial genera that were significantly correlated (increasing or decreasing) with stool methylmercury, stool inorganic mercury, or hair total mercury; however, aside from one genus, there was no overlap between biomarkers. No definitive matches for hgcA or merB, while merA were detected at low concentrations in all six samples. Proportional differences in stool methylmercury were not likely attributed to gut microbiota through methylation/demethylation. Gut microbiota potentially altered methylmercury metabolism using indirect pathways.},
doi = {10.1016/j.toxlet.2015.11.022},
journal = {Toxicology Letters},
number = C,
volume = 242,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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