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Title: Effect of Dopants on the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide on Ceria Surfaces

Here, high-surface-area nanosized CeO 2 and M-doped CeO 2 (M=Cu, La, Zr, and Mg) prepared by a surfactant-templated method were tested for CO 2 adsorption. Cu, La, and Zr are doped into the lattice of CeO 2, whereas Mg is dispersed on the CeO 2 surface. The doping of Cu and La into CeO 2 leads to an increase of the CO 2 adsorption capacity, whereas the doping of Zr has little or no effect. The addition of Mg causes a decrease of the CO 2 adsorption capacity at a low Mg content and a gradual increase at a higher content. The CO 2 adsorption capacity follows the sequence Cu-CeO 2>La-CeO 2>Zr-CeO 2≈CeO 2>Mg-CeO 2 at low dopant contents, in line with the relative amount of defect sites in the samples. It is the defect sites on the surface, not in the bulk of CeO 2, modified by the dopants that play the vital role in CO 2 chemisorption. Lastly, the role of surface oxygen vacancies is further supported by an in situ IR spectroscopic study of the surface chemistry during CO 2 adsorption on the doped CeO 2.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ChemSusChem (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ChemSusChem (Online); Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 1864-564X
Publisher:
ChemPubSoc Europe
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1286871