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Title: Modular Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel PV Inverter with Distributed MPPT for Grid-Connected Applications

This paper presents a modular cascaded H-bridge multilevel photovoltaic (PV) inverter for single- or three-phase grid-connected applications. The modular cascaded multilevel topology helps to improve the efficiency and flexibility of PV systems. To realize better utilization of PV modules and maximize the solar energy extraction, a distributed maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control scheme is applied to both single-phase and three-phase multilevel inverters, which allows the independent control of each dc-link voltage. For three-phase grid-connected applications, PV mismatches may introduce unbalanced supplied power, leading to unbalanced grid current. To solve this issue, a control scheme with modulation compensation is also proposed. An experimental three-phase 7-level cascaded H-bridge inverter has been built utilizing 9 H-bridge modules (3 modules per phase). Each H-bridge module is connected to a 185 W solar panel. Simulation and experimental results are presented to verify the feasibility of the proposed approach.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Southeast Univ., Nanjing (China)
  3. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 51; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0093-9994
Publisher:
IEEE
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; Photovoltaic; Distributed MPPT; Cascaded multilevel inverter; Modular; Modulated compensation
OSTI Identifier:
1265683

Xiao, Bailu, Hang, Lijun, Mei, Jun, Riley, Cameron, Tolbert, Leon M., and Ozpineci, Burak. Modular Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel PV Inverter with Distributed MPPT for Grid-Connected Applications. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1109/TIA.2014.2354396.
Xiao, Bailu, Hang, Lijun, Mei, Jun, Riley, Cameron, Tolbert, Leon M., & Ozpineci, Burak. Modular Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel PV Inverter with Distributed MPPT for Grid-Connected Applications. United States. doi:10.1109/TIA.2014.2354396.
Xiao, Bailu, Hang, Lijun, Mei, Jun, Riley, Cameron, Tolbert, Leon M., and Ozpineci, Burak. 2014. "Modular Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel PV Inverter with Distributed MPPT for Grid-Connected Applications". United States. doi:10.1109/TIA.2014.2354396. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1265683.
@article{osti_1265683,
title = {Modular Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel PV Inverter with Distributed MPPT for Grid-Connected Applications},
author = {Xiao, Bailu and Hang, Lijun and Mei, Jun and Riley, Cameron and Tolbert, Leon M. and Ozpineci, Burak},
abstractNote = {This paper presents a modular cascaded H-bridge multilevel photovoltaic (PV) inverter for single- or three-phase grid-connected applications. The modular cascaded multilevel topology helps to improve the efficiency and flexibility of PV systems. To realize better utilization of PV modules and maximize the solar energy extraction, a distributed maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control scheme is applied to both single-phase and three-phase multilevel inverters, which allows the independent control of each dc-link voltage. For three-phase grid-connected applications, PV mismatches may introduce unbalanced supplied power, leading to unbalanced grid current. To solve this issue, a control scheme with modulation compensation is also proposed. An experimental three-phase 7-level cascaded H-bridge inverter has been built utilizing 9 H-bridge modules (3 modules per phase). Each H-bridge module is connected to a 185 W solar panel. Simulation and experimental results are presented to verify the feasibility of the proposed approach.},
doi = {10.1109/TIA.2014.2354396},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications},
number = 2,
volume = 51,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {9}
}