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Title: Effects of process parameters on friction self-piercing riveting of dissimilar materials

Abstract

In the present work, a recently developed solid state joining technique, Friction self-piercing riveting (F-SPR), has been applied for joining high strength aluminum alloy AA7075-T6 to magnesium alloy AZ31B. The process was performed on a specially designed machine where the spindle can achieve the motion of sudden stop. Effects of rivet rotating rate and punch speed on axial plunge force, torque, joint microstructure and quality have been analyzed systematically. During F-SPR, higher rotating rate and slower punch speed can reduce axial force and torque, which correspondingly results in a slightly smaller interlock between rivet leg and joined materials. Improved local flowability of both aluminum and magnesium alloys under a higher rotating speed results in a thicker aluminum layer surrounding the rivet leg, where formation of Al-Mg intermetallics was observed. Equivalent joint strength obtained in this study are higher than the yield strength of the AZ31 Mg alloy. One of the tensile failure modes is the rivet fracture, which is due to local softening of rivet leg from frictional heat. Lastly, other two failure modes include rivet pullout and shear through of bottom sheet.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., Shanghai (People's Republic of China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Vehicle Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1261556
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1326876
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Processing Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 237; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0924-0136
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING; friction self-piercing riveting; dissimilar materials; process parameters

Citation Formats

Liu, Xun, Lim, Yong Chae, Li, Yongbing, Tang, Wei, Ma, Yunwu, Feng, Zhili, and Ni, Jun. Effects of process parameters on friction self-piercing riveting of dissimilar materials. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2016.05.022.
Liu, Xun, Lim, Yong Chae, Li, Yongbing, Tang, Wei, Ma, Yunwu, Feng, Zhili, & Ni, Jun. Effects of process parameters on friction self-piercing riveting of dissimilar materials. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2016.05.022
Liu, Xun, Lim, Yong Chae, Li, Yongbing, Tang, Wei, Ma, Yunwu, Feng, Zhili, and Ni, Jun. Tue . "Effects of process parameters on friction self-piercing riveting of dissimilar materials". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2016.05.022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1261556.
@article{osti_1261556,
title = {Effects of process parameters on friction self-piercing riveting of dissimilar materials},
author = {Liu, Xun and Lim, Yong Chae and Li, Yongbing and Tang, Wei and Ma, Yunwu and Feng, Zhili and Ni, Jun},
abstractNote = {In the present work, a recently developed solid state joining technique, Friction self-piercing riveting (F-SPR), has been applied for joining high strength aluminum alloy AA7075-T6 to magnesium alloy AZ31B. The process was performed on a specially designed machine where the spindle can achieve the motion of sudden stop. Effects of rivet rotating rate and punch speed on axial plunge force, torque, joint microstructure and quality have been analyzed systematically. During F-SPR, higher rotating rate and slower punch speed can reduce axial force and torque, which correspondingly results in a slightly smaller interlock between rivet leg and joined materials. Improved local flowability of both aluminum and magnesium alloys under a higher rotating speed results in a thicker aluminum layer surrounding the rivet leg, where formation of Al-Mg intermetallics was observed. Equivalent joint strength obtained in this study are higher than the yield strength of the AZ31 Mg alloy. One of the tensile failure modes is the rivet fracture, which is due to local softening of rivet leg from frictional heat. Lastly, other two failure modes include rivet pullout and shear through of bottom sheet.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2016.05.022},
journal = {Journal of Materials Processing Technology},
number = C,
volume = 237,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:

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Cited by: 5 works
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Works referenced in this record:

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Quality of self-piercing riveting (SPR) joints from cross-sectional perspective: A review
    journal, January 2018


    Microstructure and Corrosion Behavior of Friction Stir-Welded 6061 Al/AZ31 Mg Joints with a Zr Interlayer
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    journal, February 2019

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