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Title: Reconstructing the Migratory Behavior and Long-Term Survivorship of Juvenile Chinook Salmon under Contrasting Hydrologic Regimes

Abstract

The loss of genetic and life history diversity has been documented across many taxonomic groups, and is considered a leading cause of increased extinction risk. Juvenile salmon leave their natal rivers at different sizes, ages and times of the year, and it is thought that this life history variation contributes to their population sustainability, and is thus central to many recovery efforts. However, in order to preserve and restore diversity in life history traits, it is necessary to first understand how environmental factors affect their expression and success. We used otolith 87Sr/ 86Sr in adult Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytcha) returning to the Stanislaus River in the California Central Valley (USA) to reconstruct the sizes at which they outmigrated as juveniles in a wetter (2000) and drier (2003) year. We compared rotary screw trap-derived estimates of outmigrant timing, abundance and size with those reconstructed in the adults from the same cohort. This allowed us to estimate the relative survival and contribution of migratory phenotypes (fry, parr, smolts) to the adult spawning population under different flow regimes. Juvenile abundance and outmigration behavior varied with hydroclimatic regime, while downstream survival appeared to be driven by size- and time-selective mortality. Although fry survival ismore » generally assumed to be negligible in this system, >20% of the adult spawners from outmigration year 2000 had outmigrated as fry. In both years, all three phenotypes contributed to the spawning population, however their relative proportions differed, reflecting greater fry contributions in the wetter year (23% vs. 10%) and greater smolt contributions in the drier year (13% vs. 44%). In conclusion, these data demonstrate that the expression and success of migratory phenotypes vary with hydrologic regime, emphasizing the importance of maintaining diversity in a changing climate.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9]
  1. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States). Institute of Marine Sciences
  2. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Lodi, CA (United States)
  3. California Department of Fish and Wildlife, La Grange, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Cramer Fish Sciences, Auburn, CA (United States)
  6. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Glenn T. Seaborg Institute
  7. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Animal Sciences
  8. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Interdisciplinary Center for Plasma Mass Spectrometry
  9. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Animal Sciences; National Marine Fisheries Service, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1259522
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
PLoS ONE
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-6203
Publisher:
Public Library of Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Sturrock, Anna M., Wikert, J. D., Heyne, Timothy, Mesick, Carl, Hubbard, Alan E., Hinkelman, Travis M., Weber, Peter K., Whitman, George E., Glessner, Justin J., and Johnson, Rachel C. Reconstructing the Migratory Behavior and Long-Term Survivorship of Juvenile Chinook Salmon under Contrasting Hydrologic Regimes. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0122380.
Sturrock, Anna M., Wikert, J. D., Heyne, Timothy, Mesick, Carl, Hubbard, Alan E., Hinkelman, Travis M., Weber, Peter K., Whitman, George E., Glessner, Justin J., & Johnson, Rachel C. Reconstructing the Migratory Behavior and Long-Term Survivorship of Juvenile Chinook Salmon under Contrasting Hydrologic Regimes. United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0122380.
Sturrock, Anna M., Wikert, J. D., Heyne, Timothy, Mesick, Carl, Hubbard, Alan E., Hinkelman, Travis M., Weber, Peter K., Whitman, George E., Glessner, Justin J., and Johnson, Rachel C. Wed . "Reconstructing the Migratory Behavior and Long-Term Survivorship of Juvenile Chinook Salmon under Contrasting Hydrologic Regimes". United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0122380. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1259522.
@article{osti_1259522,
title = {Reconstructing the Migratory Behavior and Long-Term Survivorship of Juvenile Chinook Salmon under Contrasting Hydrologic Regimes},
author = {Sturrock, Anna M. and Wikert, J. D. and Heyne, Timothy and Mesick, Carl and Hubbard, Alan E. and Hinkelman, Travis M. and Weber, Peter K. and Whitman, George E. and Glessner, Justin J. and Johnson, Rachel C.},
abstractNote = {The loss of genetic and life history diversity has been documented across many taxonomic groups, and is considered a leading cause of increased extinction risk. Juvenile salmon leave their natal rivers at different sizes, ages and times of the year, and it is thought that this life history variation contributes to their population sustainability, and is thus central to many recovery efforts. However, in order to preserve and restore diversity in life history traits, it is necessary to first understand how environmental factors affect their expression and success. We used otolith 87Sr/86Sr in adult Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytcha) returning to the Stanislaus River in the California Central Valley (USA) to reconstruct the sizes at which they outmigrated as juveniles in a wetter (2000) and drier (2003) year. We compared rotary screw trap-derived estimates of outmigrant timing, abundance and size with those reconstructed in the adults from the same cohort. This allowed us to estimate the relative survival and contribution of migratory phenotypes (fry, parr, smolts) to the adult spawning population under different flow regimes. Juvenile abundance and outmigration behavior varied with hydroclimatic regime, while downstream survival appeared to be driven by size- and time-selective mortality. Although fry survival is generally assumed to be negligible in this system, >20% of the adult spawners from outmigration year 2000 had outmigrated as fry. In both years, all three phenotypes contributed to the spawning population, however their relative proportions differed, reflecting greater fry contributions in the wetter year (23% vs. 10%) and greater smolt contributions in the drier year (13% vs. 44%). In conclusion, these data demonstrate that the expression and success of migratory phenotypes vary with hydrologic regime, emphasizing the importance of maintaining diversity in a changing climate.},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0122380},
journal = {PLoS ONE},
number = 5,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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Identifying the contribution of wild and hatchery Chinook salmon ( Oncorhynchus tshawytscha ) to the ocean fishery using otolith microstructure as natural tags
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Genetic and otolith isotopic markers identify salmon populations in the Columbia River at broad and fine geographic scales
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Biocomplexity and fisheries sustainability
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dataset, May 2015

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Effects of predator and flow manipulation on Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) survival in an imperiled estuary
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Turbidity Reduces Predation on Migrating Juvenile Pacific Salmon
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The Pacific Salmon Wars: What Science Brings to the Challenge of Recovering Species
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Match-mismatch dynamics and the relationship between ocean-entry timing and relative ocean recoveries of Central Valley fall run Chinook salmon
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Population diversity and the portfolio effect in an exploited species
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  • Nature, Vol. 465, Issue 7298
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09060

Otoliths, increments, and elements: keys to a comprehensive understanding of fish populations?
journal, January 2001

  • Campana, Steven E.; Thorrold, Simon R.
  • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 58, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1139/f00-177

Validation of Sr isotopes in otoliths by laser ablation multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-MC-ICPMS): opening avenues in fisheries science applications
journal, November 2005

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  • DOI: 10.1139/f05-194

Temperature effects on juvenile anadromous salmonids in California?s central valley: what don?t we know?
journal, March 2004

  • A. Myrick, Christopher; Cech, Joseph J.
  • Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, Vol. 14, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11160-004-2739-5

Improved viability of populations with diverse life-history portfolios
journal, December 2009

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  • Biology Letters, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2009.0780

Coevolution of the Pacific salmon and Pacific Rim topography
journal, January 2000


River regulation, decline of ecological resources, and potential for restoration in a semi-arid lands river in the western USA
journal, November 2004


Weakened portfolio effect in a collapsed salmon population complex
journal, September 2011

  • Carlson, Stephanie Marie; Satterthwaite, William Hallowell
  • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 68, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1139/f2011-084

Sensitivity of survival to migration routes used by juvenile Chinook salmon to negotiate the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta
journal, February 2012

  • Perry, Russell W.; Brandes, Patricia L.; Burau, Jon R.
  • Environmental Biology of Fishes, Vol. 96, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10641-012-9984-6

Reconstructing the lives of fish using Sr isotopes in otoliths
journal, June 2002

  • Kennedy, Brian P.; Klaue, Andrea; Blum, Joel D.
  • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 59, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1139/f02-070

Tracking natal origins of salmon using isotopes, otoliths, and landscape geology
journal, July 2008

  • Rachel, Barnett-Johnson; Pearson, Thomas E.; Ramos, Frank C.
  • Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 53, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.4319/lo.2008.53.4.1633

Life-History Divergence in Chinook Salmon: Historic Contingency and Parallel Evolution
journal, February 2004


Otoliths of Chinook Salmon ( Oncorhynchus tshawytscha ): Daily Growth Increments and Factors Influencing Their Production
journal, October 1982

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  • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 39, Issue 10
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    The Pacific Salmon Wars: What Science Brings to the Challenge of Recovering Species
    journal, November 2002


    Quantifying habitat use of migratory fish across riverscapes using space‐time isotope models
    journal, May 2019

    • Brennan, Sean R.; Cline, Timothy J.; Schindler, Daniel E.
    • Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 10, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1111/2041-210x.13191

    Improved viability of populations with diverse life-history portfolios
    journal, December 2009

    • Greene, Correigh M.; Hall, Jason E.; Guilbault, Kimberly R.
    • Biology Letters, Vol. 6, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2009.0780

    Managed Metapopulations: Do Salmon Hatchery ‘Sources’ Lead to In-River ‘Sinks’ in Conservation?
    journal, February 2012


    Weakened portfolio effect in a collapsed salmon population complex
    journal, September 2011

    • Carlson, Stephanie Marie; Satterthwaite, William Hallowell
    • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 68, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1139/f2011-084

    Validation of Sr isotopes in otoliths by laser ablation multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-MC-ICPMS): opening avenues in fisheries science applications
    journal, November 2005

    • Barnett-Johnson, Rachel; Ramos, Frank C.; Grimes, Churchill B.
    • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 62, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1139/f05-194

    River regulation, decline of ecological resources, and potential for restoration in a semi-arid lands river in the western USA
    journal, November 2004


    Reconstructing the lives of fish using Sr isotopes in otoliths
    journal, June 2002

    • Kennedy, Brian P.; Klaue, Andrea; Blum, Joel D.
    • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 59, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1139/f02-070

    Life-History Divergence in Chinook Salmon: Historic Contingency and Parallel Evolution
    journal, February 2004


    Why intraspecific trait variation matters in community ecology
    journal, April 2011

    • Bolnick, Daniel I.; Amarasekare, Priyanga; Araújo, Márcio S.
    • Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 26, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2011.01.009

    Genetic and otolith isotopic markers identify salmon populations in the Columbia River at broad and fine geographic scales
    journal, June 2010

    • Barnett-Johnson, Rachel; Teel, David J.; Casillas, Edmundo
    • Environmental Biology of Fishes, Vol. 89, Issue 3-4
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10641-010-9662-5

    Can otolith elemental chemistry retrospectively track migrations in fully marine fishes?
    journal, July 2012


    Effects of predator and flow manipulation on Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) survival in an imperiled estuary
    journal, April 2012

    • Cavallo, Bradley; Merz, Joseph; Setka, Jose
    • Environmental Biology of Fishes, Vol. 96, Issue 2-3
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10641-012-9993-5

    Variability in fish size/otolith radius relationships among populations of Chinook salmon
    journal, July 2010

    • Zabel, Richard W.; Haught, Kerri; Chittaro, Paul M.
    • Environmental Biology of Fishes, Vol. 89, Issue 3-4
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10641-010-9678-x

    Identifying the contribution of wild and hatchery Chinook salmon ( Oncorhynchus tshawytscha ) to the ocean fishery using otolith microstructure as natural tags
    journal, December 2007

    • Barnett-Johnson, Rachel; Grimes, Churchill B.; Royer, Chantell F.
    • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 64, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1139/f07-129

    Past and Present Status of Central Valley Chinook Salmon
    journal, September 1994


    Metapopulation dynamics
    journal, November 1998


    Biocomplexity and fisheries sustainability
    journal, May 2003

    • Hilborn, R.; Quinn, T. P.; Schindler, D. E.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 100, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1037274100

    Quantifying the contribution of juvenile migratory phenotypes in a population of Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
    journal, June 2010

    • Miller, Ja; Gray, A.; Merz, J.
    • Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 408
    • DOI: 10.3354/meps08613

    Temperature effects on juvenile anadromous salmonids in California?s central valley: what don?t we know?
    journal, March 2004

    • A. Myrick, Christopher; Cech, Joseph J.
    • Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, Vol. 14, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11160-004-2739-5

    Match-mismatch dynamics and the relationship between ocean-entry timing and relative ocean recoveries of Central Valley fall run Chinook salmon
    journal, September 2014

    • Satterthwaite, Wh; Carlson, Sm; Allen-Moran, Sd
    • Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 511
    • DOI: 10.3354/meps10934

    Natural isotope markers in salmon
    journal, June 1997

    • Kennedy, Brian P.; Folt, Carol L.; Blum, Joel D.
    • Nature, Vol. 387, Issue 6635
    • DOI: 10.1038/42835

    Otoliths, increments, and elements: keys to a comprehensive understanding of fish populations?
    journal, January 2001

    • Campana, Steven E.; Thorrold, Simon R.
    • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 58, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1139/f00-177

    The Decline of Anadromous Fishes in California
    journal, September 1994


    Sensitivity of survival to migration routes used by juvenile Chinook salmon to negotiate the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta
    journal, February 2012

    • Perry, Russell W.; Brandes, Patricia L.; Burau, Jon R.
    • Environmental Biology of Fishes, Vol. 96, Issue 2-3
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10641-012-9984-6

    Size, growth, and origin-dependent mortality of juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha during early ocean residence
    journal, July 2013

    • Woodson, Le; Wells, Bk; Weber, Pk
    • Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 487
    • DOI: 10.3354/meps10353

    Hydrologic regime and the conservation of salmon life history diversity
    journal, July 2006


    Density-dependent mortality in Pacific salmon: the ghost of impacts past?
    journal, April 2003


    Annual variation in size-selective mortality of Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar ) fry
    journal, June 2001

    • Good, S. P.; Dodson, J. J.; Meekan, M. G.
    • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 58, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1139/f01-069

    Tracking natal origins of salmon using isotopes, otoliths, and landscape geology
    journal, July 2008

    • Rachel, Barnett-Johnson; Pearson, Thomas E.; Ramos, Frank C.
    • Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 53, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.4319/lo.2008.53.4.1633

    Population diversity and the portfolio effect in an exploited species
    journal, June 2010

    • Schindler, Daniel E.; Hilborn, Ray; Chasco, Brandon
    • Nature, Vol. 465, Issue 7298
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature09060

    Microstructure of Fish Otoliths
    journal, May 1985

    • Campana, Steven E.; Neilson, John D.
    • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 42, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1139/f85-127

    Data from: Reconstructing the migratory behavior and long-term survivorship of juvenile Chinook salmon under contrasting hydrologic regimes
    dataset, May 2015

    • Sturrock, Anna M.; Wikert, J. D.; Heyne, Timothy
    • Dryad-Supplementary information for journal article at DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0122380, 2 files
    • DOI: 10.5061/dryad.c56rk

    Consequences of potential density-dependent mechanisms on recovery of ocean-type chinook salmon ( Oncorhynchus tshawytscha )
    journal, April 2004

    • Greene, Correigh M.; Beechie, Timothy J.
    • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 61, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1139/f04-024

    Otoliths of Chinook Salmon ( Oncorhynchus tshawytscha ): Daily Growth Increments and Factors Influencing Their Production
    journal, October 1982

    • Neilson, John D.; Geen, Glen H.
    • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 39, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1139/f82-180