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Title: Red-emitting manganese-doped aluminum nitride phosphor

Here, we report high efficiency luminescence with a manganese-doped aluminum nitride red-emitting phosphor under 254 nm excitation, as well as its excellent lumen maintenance in fluorescent lamp conditions, making it a candidate replacement for the widely deployed europium-doped yttria red phosphor. Solid-state reaction of aluminum nitride powders with manganese metal at 1900 °C, 10 atm N2 in a reducing environment results in nitrogen deficiency, as revealed diffuse reflectance spectra. When these powders are subsequently annealed in flowing nitrogen at 1650 °C, higher nitrogen content is recovered, resulting in white powders. Silicon was added to samples as an oxygen getter to improve emission efficiency. NEXAFS spectra and DFT calculations indicate that the Mn dopant is divalent. From DFT calculations, the UV absorption band is proposed to be due to an aluminum vacancy coupled with oxygen impurity dopants, and Mn2+ is assumed to be closely associated with this site. In contrast with some previous reports, we find that the highest quantum efficiency with 254 nm excitation (Q.E. = 0.86 ± 0.14) is obtained in aluminum nitride with a low manganese doping level of 0.06 mol.%. The principal Mn2+ decay of 1.25 ms is assigned to non-interacting Mn sites, while additional components inmore » the microsecond range appear with higher Mn doping, consistent with Mn clustering and resultant exchange coupling. Slower components are present in samples with low Mn doping, as well as strong afterglow, assigned to trapping on shallow traps followed by detrapping and subsequent trapping on Mn.« less
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  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY (United States)
  3. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
IS-J-8996; LLNL-JRNL-681485
Journal ID: ISSN 0925-3467; PII: S0925346716300696
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11358; AC02-76SF00515; AC52-07NA27344
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Optical Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 54; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0925-3467
Research Org:
Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; red phosphor; aluminum nitride; manganese emission; lighting phosphor; nitride phosphor
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1337412; OSTI ID: 1366937