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Title: α-Phase transformation kinetics of U – 8 wt% Mo established by in situ neutron diffraction

The α-phase transformation kinetics of as-cast U - 8 wt% Mo below the eutectoid temperature have been established by in situ neutron diffraction. α-phase weight fraction data acquired through Rietveld refinement at five different isothermal hold temperatures can be modeled accurately utilizing a simple Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov impingement-based theory, and the results are validated by a corresponding evolution in the γ-phase lattice parameter during transformation that follows Vegard’s law. Neutron diffraction data is used to produce a detailed Time-Temperature-Transformation diagram that improves upon inconsistencies in the current literature, exhibiting a minimum transformation start time of 40 min at temperatures between 500 °C and 510 °C. Lastly, the transformation kinetics of U – 8 wt% Mo can vary significantly from as-cast conditions after extensive heat treatments, due to homogenization of the typical dendritic microstructure which possesses non-negligible solute segregation.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
MS/GAR-160503
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115; TRN: US1601723
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0001942
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 477; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant (Y-12), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Defense Programs (DP); USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; U-Mo alloys; neutron diffraction; time-temperature-transformation diagram; transformation kinetics; eutectoid decomposition
OSTI Identifier:
1253990
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1323968

Garlea, Elena, Steiner, M. A., Calhoun, C. A., Klein, R. W., An, K., and Agnew, S. R.. α-Phase transformation kinetics of U – 8 wt% Mo established by in situ neutron diffraction. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.05.016.
Garlea, Elena, Steiner, M. A., Calhoun, C. A., Klein, R. W., An, K., & Agnew, S. R.. α-Phase transformation kinetics of U – 8 wt% Mo established by in situ neutron diffraction. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.05.016.
Garlea, Elena, Steiner, M. A., Calhoun, C. A., Klein, R. W., An, K., and Agnew, S. R.. 2016. "α-Phase transformation kinetics of U – 8 wt% Mo established by in situ neutron diffraction". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.05.016. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1253990.
@article{osti_1253990,
title = {α-Phase transformation kinetics of U – 8 wt% Mo established by in situ neutron diffraction},
author = {Garlea, Elena and Steiner, M. A. and Calhoun, C. A. and Klein, R. W. and An, K. and Agnew, S. R.},
abstractNote = {The α-phase transformation kinetics of as-cast U - 8 wt% Mo below the eutectoid temperature have been established by in situ neutron diffraction. α-phase weight fraction data acquired through Rietveld refinement at five different isothermal hold temperatures can be modeled accurately utilizing a simple Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov impingement-based theory, and the results are validated by a corresponding evolution in the γ-phase lattice parameter during transformation that follows Vegard’s law. Neutron diffraction data is used to produce a detailed Time-Temperature-Transformation diagram that improves upon inconsistencies in the current literature, exhibiting a minimum transformation start time of 40 min at temperatures between 500 °C and 510 °C. Lastly, the transformation kinetics of U – 8 wt% Mo can vary significantly from as-cast conditions after extensive heat treatments, due to homogenization of the typical dendritic microstructure which possesses non-negligible solute segregation.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.05.016},
journal = {Journal of Nuclear Materials},
number = C,
volume = 477,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}