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Title: Measurement of the multiple-muon charge ratio in the MINOS Far Detector

Abstract

The charge ratio, Rμ = Nμ+/Nμ-, for cosmogenic multiple-muon events observed at an underground depth of 2070 mwe has been measured using the magnetized MINOS Far Detector. The multiple-muon events, recorded nearly continuously from August 2003 until April 2012, comprise two independent data sets imaged with opposite magnetic field polarities, the comparison of which allows the systematic uncertainties of the measurement to be minimized. The multiple-muon charge ratio is determined to be Rμ = 1.104±0.006(stat)$$+0.009\atop{-0.010}$$(syst). As a result, this measurement complements previous determinations of single-muon and multiple-muon charge ratios at underground sites and serves to constrain models of cosmic-ray interactions at TeV energies.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
MINOS Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1252213
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1244777; OSTI ID: 1358015
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-15-568-ND; arXiv:1602.00783; BNL-113824-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 1419065
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; charge; ratio; measurement; multiple

Citation Formats

Adamson, P., Anghel, I., Aurisano, A., Barr, G., Bishai, M., Blake, A., Bock, G. J., Bogert, D., Cao, S. V., Carroll, T. J., Castromonte, C. M., Chen, R., Childress, S., Coelho, J. A. B., Corwin, L., Cronin-Hennessy, D., de Jong, J. K., De Rijck, S., Devan, A. V., Devenish, N. E., Diwan, M. V., Escobar, C. O., Evans, J. J., Falk, E., Feldman, G. J., Flanagan, W., Frohne, M. V., Gabrielyan, M., Gallagher, H. R., Germani, S., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Gouffon, P., Graf, N., Gran, R., Grzelak, K., Habig, A., Hahn, S. R., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Holin, A., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Irwin, G. M., Isvan, Z., James, C., Jensen, D., Kafka, T., Kasahara, S. M. S., Koizumi, G., Kordosky, M., Kreymer, A., Lang, K., Ling, J., Litchfield, P. J., Lucas, P., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Mayer, N., McGivern, C., Medeiros, M. M., Mehdiyev, R., Meier, J. R., Messier, M. D., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Moed Sher, S., Moore, C. D., Mualem, L., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Newman, H. B., Nichol, R. J., Nowak, J. A., O’Connor, J., Orchanian, M., Pahlka, R. B., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Perch, A., Pfützner, M. M., Phan, D. D., Phan-Budd, S., Plunkett, R. K., Poonthottathil, N., Qiu, X., Radovic, A., Rebel, B., Rosenfeld, C., Rubin, H. A., Sail, P., Sanchez, M. C., Schneps, J., Schreckenberger, A., Schreiner, P., Sharma, R., Sousa, A., Tagg, N., Talaga, R. L., Thomas, J., Thomson, M. A., Tian, X., Timmons, A., Todd, J., Tognini, S. C., Toner, R., Torretta, D., Tzanakos, G., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Viren, B., Weber, A., Webb, R. C., White, C., Whitehead, L., Whitehead, L. H., Wojcicki, S. G., and Zwaska, R. Measurement of the multiple-muon charge ratio in the MINOS Far Detector. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.052017.
Adamson, P., Anghel, I., Aurisano, A., Barr, G., Bishai, M., Blake, A., Bock, G. J., Bogert, D., Cao, S. V., Carroll, T. J., Castromonte, C. M., Chen, R., Childress, S., Coelho, J. A. B., Corwin, L., Cronin-Hennessy, D., de Jong, J. K., De Rijck, S., Devan, A. V., Devenish, N. E., Diwan, M. V., Escobar, C. O., Evans, J. J., Falk, E., Feldman, G. J., Flanagan, W., Frohne, M. V., Gabrielyan, M., Gallagher, H. R., Germani, S., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Gouffon, P., Graf, N., Gran, R., Grzelak, K., Habig, A., Hahn, S. R., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Holin, A., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Irwin, G. M., Isvan, Z., James, C., Jensen, D., Kafka, T., Kasahara, S. M. S., Koizumi, G., Kordosky, M., Kreymer, A., Lang, K., Ling, J., Litchfield, P. J., Lucas, P., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Mayer, N., McGivern, C., Medeiros, M. M., Mehdiyev, R., Meier, J. R., Messier, M. D., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Moed Sher, S., Moore, C. D., Mualem, L., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Newman, H. B., Nichol, R. J., Nowak, J. A., O’Connor, J., Orchanian, M., Pahlka, R. B., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Perch, A., Pfützner, M. M., Phan, D. D., Phan-Budd, S., Plunkett, R. K., Poonthottathil, N., Qiu, X., Radovic, A., Rebel, B., Rosenfeld, C., Rubin, H. A., Sail, P., Sanchez, M. C., Schneps, J., Schreckenberger, A., Schreiner, P., Sharma, R., Sousa, A., Tagg, N., Talaga, R. L., Thomas, J., Thomson, M. A., Tian, X., Timmons, A., Todd, J., Tognini, S. C., Toner, R., Torretta, D., Tzanakos, G., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Viren, B., Weber, A., Webb, R. C., White, C., Whitehead, L., Whitehead, L. H., Wojcicki, S. G., & Zwaska, R. Measurement of the multiple-muon charge ratio in the MINOS Far Detector. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.052017.
Adamson, P., Anghel, I., Aurisano, A., Barr, G., Bishai, M., Blake, A., Bock, G. J., Bogert, D., Cao, S. V., Carroll, T. J., Castromonte, C. M., Chen, R., Childress, S., Coelho, J. A. B., Corwin, L., Cronin-Hennessy, D., de Jong, J. K., De Rijck, S., Devan, A. V., Devenish, N. E., Diwan, M. V., Escobar, C. O., Evans, J. J., Falk, E., Feldman, G. J., Flanagan, W., Frohne, M. V., Gabrielyan, M., Gallagher, H. R., Germani, S., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Gouffon, P., Graf, N., Gran, R., Grzelak, K., Habig, A., Hahn, S. R., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Holin, A., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Irwin, G. M., Isvan, Z., James, C., Jensen, D., Kafka, T., Kasahara, S. M. S., Koizumi, G., Kordosky, M., Kreymer, A., Lang, K., Ling, J., Litchfield, P. J., Lucas, P., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Mayer, N., McGivern, C., Medeiros, M. M., Mehdiyev, R., Meier, J. R., Messier, M. D., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Moed Sher, S., Moore, C. D., Mualem, L., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Newman, H. B., Nichol, R. J., Nowak, J. A., O’Connor, J., Orchanian, M., Pahlka, R. B., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Perch, A., Pfützner, M. M., Phan, D. D., Phan-Budd, S., Plunkett, R. K., Poonthottathil, N., Qiu, X., Radovic, A., Rebel, B., Rosenfeld, C., Rubin, H. A., Sail, P., Sanchez, M. C., Schneps, J., Schreckenberger, A., Schreiner, P., Sharma, R., Sousa, A., Tagg, N., Talaga, R. L., Thomas, J., Thomson, M. A., Tian, X., Timmons, A., Todd, J., Tognini, S. C., Toner, R., Torretta, D., Tzanakos, G., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Viren, B., Weber, A., Webb, R. C., White, C., Whitehead, L., Whitehead, L. H., Wojcicki, S. G., and Zwaska, R. Wed . "Measurement of the multiple-muon charge ratio in the MINOS Far Detector". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.052017. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1252213.
@article{osti_1252213,
title = {Measurement of the multiple-muon charge ratio in the MINOS Far Detector},
author = {Adamson, P. and Anghel, I. and Aurisano, A. and Barr, G. and Bishai, M. and Blake, A. and Bock, G. J. and Bogert, D. and Cao, S. V. and Carroll, T. J. and Castromonte, C. M. and Chen, R. and Childress, S. and Coelho, J. A. B. and Corwin, L. and Cronin-Hennessy, D. and de Jong, J. K. and De Rijck, S. and Devan, A. V. and Devenish, N. E. and Diwan, M. V. and Escobar, C. O. and Evans, J. J. and Falk, E. and Feldman, G. J. and Flanagan, W. and Frohne, M. V. and Gabrielyan, M. and Gallagher, H. R. and Germani, S. and Gomes, R. A. and Goodman, M. C. and Gouffon, P. and Graf, N. and Gran, R. and Grzelak, K. and Habig, A. and Hahn, S. R. and Hartnell, J. and Hatcher, R. and Holin, A. and Huang, J. and Hylen, J. and Irwin, G. M. and Isvan, Z. and James, C. and Jensen, D. and Kafka, T. and Kasahara, S. M. S. and Koizumi, G. and Kordosky, M. and Kreymer, A. and Lang, K. and Ling, J. and Litchfield, P. J. and Lucas, P. and Mann, W. A. and Marshak, M. L. and Mayer, N. and McGivern, C. and Medeiros, M. M. and Mehdiyev, R. and Meier, J. R. and Messier, M. D. and Miller, W. H. and Mishra, S. R. and Moed Sher, S. and Moore, C. D. and Mualem, L. and Musser, J. and Naples, D. and Nelson, J. K. and Newman, H. B. and Nichol, R. J. and Nowak, J. A. and O’Connor, J. and Orchanian, M. and Pahlka, R. B. and Paley, J. and Patterson, R. B. and Pawloski, G. and Perch, A. and Pfützner, M. M. and Phan, D. D. and Phan-Budd, S. and Plunkett, R. K. and Poonthottathil, N. and Qiu, X. and Radovic, A. and Rebel, B. and Rosenfeld, C. and Rubin, H. A. and Sail, P. and Sanchez, M. C. and Schneps, J. and Schreckenberger, A. and Schreiner, P. and Sharma, R. and Sousa, A. and Tagg, N. and Talaga, R. L. and Thomas, J. and Thomson, M. A. and Tian, X. and Timmons, A. and Todd, J. and Tognini, S. C. and Toner, R. and Torretta, D. and Tzanakos, G. and Urheim, J. and Vahle, P. and Viren, B. and Weber, A. and Webb, R. C. and White, C. and Whitehead, L. and Whitehead, L. H. and Wojcicki, S. G. and Zwaska, R.},
abstractNote = {The charge ratio, Rμ = Nμ+/Nμ-, for cosmogenic multiple-muon events observed at an underground depth of 2070 mwe has been measured using the magnetized MINOS Far Detector. The multiple-muon events, recorded nearly continuously from August 2003 until April 2012, comprise two independent data sets imaged with opposite magnetic field polarities, the comparison of which allows the systematic uncertainties of the measurement to be minimized. The multiple-muon charge ratio is determined to be Rμ = 1.104±0.006(stat)$+0.009\atop{-0.010}$(syst). As a result, this measurement complements previous determinations of single-muon and multiple-muon charge ratios at underground sites and serves to constrain models of cosmic-ray interactions at TeV energies.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.93.052017},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 5,
volume = 93,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}

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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1. FIG. 1.: Charge ratio for reconstructed multiple-muon tracks as a function of curvature signi cance after applying all other selection cuts. The vertical line denotes the minimum value for tracks used in the charge ratio measurement.

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.