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Title: Plasticity of the dense hydrous magnesium silicate phase A at subduction zones conditions

The plasticity of the dense hydrous magnesium silicate (DHMS) phase A, a key hydrous mineral within cold subduction zones, was investigated by two complementary approaches: high-pressure deformation experiments and computational methods. The deformation experiments were carried out at 11 GPa, 400 and 580 °C, with in situ measurements of stress, strain and lattice preferred orientations (LPO). Based on viscoplastic self-consistent modeling (VPSC) of the observed LPO, the deformation mechanisms at 580 °C are consistent with glide on the (0 0 0 1) basal and prismatic planes. At 400 °C the deformation mechanisms involve glide on prismatic, (0 0 0 1) basal and pyramidal planes. Both give flow stresses of 2.5–3 GPa at strain rates of 2–4 × 10-5 s-1. We use the Peierls–Nabarro–Galerkin (PNG) approach, relying on first-principles calculations of generalized stacking fault (γ-surface), and model the core structure of potential dislocations in basal and prismatic planes. The computations show multiple dissociations of the and dislocations (⟨a⟩ and ⟨b⟩ dislocations) in the basal plane, which is compatible with the ubiquity of basal slip in the experiments. The γ-surface calculations also suggest and dislocations (⟨a+c⟩ or ⟨c-b⟩ directions) in prismatic and pyramidal planes, which is also consistent with the experimental data.more » Phase A has a higher flow strength than olivine. When forming at depths from the dehydration of weak and highly anisotropic hydrated ultramafic rocks, phase A may not maintain the mechanical softening antigorite can provide. The seismic properties calculated for moderately deformed aggregates suggest that S-wave seismic anisotropy of phase A-bearing rocks is lower than hydrous subduction zone lithologies such as serpentinites and blueschists.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. Lille, Villeneuve d'Ascq (France)
  2. Univ. de Lyon (France); Ecole Polytechnique Federale Lausanne (Switzlerland)
  3. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Clermont-Ferrand (France). Lab. Magmas et Volcans
  4. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
  5. Univ. de Lyon (France)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-94ER14466; ANR-08-BLAN-0192
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 248; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9201
Research Org:
Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division; USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1438000