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Title: Quench-Induced Degradation of the Quality Factor in Superconducting Resonators

Abstract

Quench of superconducting radio-frequency cavities frequently leads to the lowered quality factor Q0, which had been attributed to the additional trapped magnetic flux. Here we demonstrate that the origin of this magnetic flux is purely extrinsic to the cavity by showing no extra dissipation (unchanged Q0) after quenching in zero magnetic field, which allows us to rule out intrinsic mechanisms of flux trapping such as generation of thermal currents or trapping of the rf field. We also show the clear relation of dissipation introduced by quenching to the orientation of the applied magnetic field and the possibility to fully recover the quality factor by requenching in the compensated field. We discover that for larger values of the ambient field, the Q-factor degradation may become irreversible by this technique, likely due to the outward flux migration beyond the normal zone opening during quench. Lastly, our findings are of special practical importance for accelerators based on low- and medium-beta accelerating structures residing close to focusing magnets, as well as for all high-Q cavity-based accelerators.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1249801
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1254145
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1605.00272; FERMILAB-PUB-16-087-TD
Journal ID: ISSN 2331-7019; PRAHB2; 044019
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Applied
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Applied Journal Volume: 5 Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2331-7019
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

Citation Formats

Checchin, M., Martinello, M., Romanenko, A., Grassellino, A., Sergatskov, D. A., Posen, S., Melnychuk, O., and Zasadzinski, J. F. Quench-Induced Degradation of the Quality Factor in Superconducting Resonators. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.5.044019.
Checchin, M., Martinello, M., Romanenko, A., Grassellino, A., Sergatskov, D. A., Posen, S., Melnychuk, O., & Zasadzinski, J. F. Quench-Induced Degradation of the Quality Factor in Superconducting Resonators. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.5.044019.
Checchin, M., Martinello, M., Romanenko, A., Grassellino, A., Sergatskov, D. A., Posen, S., Melnychuk, O., and Zasadzinski, J. F. Thu . "Quench-Induced Degradation of the Quality Factor in Superconducting Resonators". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.5.044019.
@article{osti_1249801,
title = {Quench-Induced Degradation of the Quality Factor in Superconducting Resonators},
author = {Checchin, M. and Martinello, M. and Romanenko, A. and Grassellino, A. and Sergatskov, D. A. and Posen, S. and Melnychuk, O. and Zasadzinski, J. F.},
abstractNote = {Quench of superconducting radio-frequency cavities frequently leads to the lowered quality factor Q0, which had been attributed to the additional trapped magnetic flux. Here we demonstrate that the origin of this magnetic flux is purely extrinsic to the cavity by showing no extra dissipation (unchanged Q0) after quenching in zero magnetic field, which allows us to rule out intrinsic mechanisms of flux trapping such as generation of thermal currents or trapping of the rf field. We also show the clear relation of dissipation introduced by quenching to the orientation of the applied magnetic field and the possibility to fully recover the quality factor by requenching in the compensated field. We discover that for larger values of the ambient field, the Q-factor degradation may become irreversible by this technique, likely due to the outward flux migration beyond the normal zone opening during quench. Lastly, our findings are of special practical importance for accelerators based on low- and medium-beta accelerating structures residing close to focusing magnets, as well as for all high-Q cavity-based accelerators.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevApplied.5.044019},
journal = {Physical Review Applied},
number = 4,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.5.044019

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Cited by: 1 work
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