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Title: Blue emission of Eu 2+-doped translucent alumina

Inorganic scintillators are very important in medical and industrial measuring systems in the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation. In addition to Ce 3+, a widely used dopant ion in oxide scintillators, divalent Europium (Eu 2+) has shown promise as a high-luminescence, fast-response luminescence center useful in the detection of ionizing radiation. In this research, aluminum oxide (Al 2O 3) was studied as a host material for the divalent europium ion. Polycrystalline samples of Eu 2+-doped translucent Al 2O 3 were fabricated, and room temperature luminescence behavior was observed. Al 2O 3 ceramics doped with 0.1 at% Eu 2+ were fabricated with a relative density of 99.75% theoretical density and in-line transmittance of 22% at a wavelength of 800 nm. The ceramics were processed by a gel-casting method, followed by sintering under high vacuum. The gelling agent, a copolymer of isobutylene and maleic anhydride, is marketed under the commercial name ISOBAM, and has the advantage of simultaneously acting as both a gelling agent and as a dispersant. The microstructure and composition of the vacuum-sintered Eu 2+:Al 2O 3 were characterized by Scanning Electric Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The phase composition was determined bymore » X-ray diffraction measurements (XRD) combined with Rietveld analysis. The photoluminescence behavior of the Eu 2+:Al 2O 3 was characterized using UV light as the excitation source, which emitted blue emission at 440 nm. The radio-luminescence of Eu 2+:Al 2O 3 was investigated by illumination with X-ray radiation, showing three emission bands at 376 nm, 575 nm and 698 nm. Furthermore, multiple level traps at different depths were detected in the Eu 2+:Al 2O 3 by employing thermoluminescence measurements.« less
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  1. Alfred Univ., Alfred, NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2313
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704; AC02-98CH10886
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Luminescence
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 168; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2313
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Blue emission; Eu2+-doped transparent Al2O3; gelcasting; vacuum sintering; photoluminescence; radio-luminescence; Center for Functional Nanomaterials
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1246736