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Title: Effective alkaline metal-catalyzed oxidative delignification of hybrid poplar

Abstract

Background: Strategies to improve copper-catalyzed alkaline hydrogen peroxide (Cu-AHP) pretreatment of hybrid poplar were investigated. These improvements included a combination of increasing hydrolysis yields, while simultaneously decreasing process inputs through (i) more efficient utilization of H 2O 2 and (ii) the addition of an alkaline extraction step prior to the metal-catalyzed AHP pretreatment. We hypothesized that utilizing this improved process could substantially lower the chemical inputs needed during pretreatment. Results: Hybrid poplar was pretreated utilizing a modified process in which an alkaline extraction step was incorporated prior to the Cu-AHP treatment step and H 2O 2 was added batch-wise over the course of 10 h. Our results revealed that the alkaline pre-extraction step improved both lignin and xylan solubilization, which ultimately led to improved glucose (86 %) and xylose (95 %) yields following enzymatic hydrolysis. An increase in the lignin solubilization was also observed with fed-batch H 2O 2 addition relative to batch-only addition, which again resulted in increased glucose and xylose yields (77 and 93 % versus 63 and 74 %, respectively). Importantly, combining these strategies led to significantly improved sugar yields (96 % glucose and 94 % xylose) following enzymatic hydrolysis. In addition, we found that we couldmore » substantially lower the chemical inputs (enzyme, H 2O 2, and catalyst), while still maintaining high product yields utilizing the improved Cu-AHP process. This pretreatment also provided a relatively pure lignin stream consisting of ≥90 % Klason lignin and only 3 % xylan and 2 % ash following precipitation. Two-dimensional heteronuclear single-quantum coherence (2D HSQC) NMR and size-exclusion chromatography demonstrated that the solubilized lignin was high molecular weight (Mw ≈ 22,000 Da) and only slightly oxidized relative to lignin from untreated poplar. In conclusion: This study demonstrated that the fed-batch, two-stage Cu-AHP pretreatment process was effective in pretreating hybrid poplar for its conversion into fermentable sugars. Results showed sugar yields near the theoretical maximum were achieved from enzymatically hydrolyzed hybrid poplar by incorporating an alkaline extraction step prior to pretreatment and by efficiently utilizing H 2O 2 during the Cu-AHP process. Significantly, this study reports high sugar yields from woody biomass treated with an AHP pretreatment under mild reaction conditions.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [1]
  1. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  2. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center; Central Michigan Univ., Mount Pleasant, MI (United States). Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
  3. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  4. Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States). DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center
  5. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Lulea Univ. of Technology, Lulea (Sweden). Division of Sustainable Process Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1242360
Grant/Contract Number:  
FC02-07ER64494
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biotechnology for Biofuels
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1754-6834
Publisher:
BioMed Central
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; Alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP) pretreatment; Biomass conversion; Catalysis; Cellulosic biofuels; Copper; Hybrid poplar; Lignin; Oxidative delignification; Sugars

Citation Formats

Bhalla, Aditya, Bansal, Namita, Stoklosa, Ryan J., Fountain, Mackenzie, Ralph, John, Hodge, David B., and Hegg, Eric L. Effective alkaline metal-catalyzed oxidative delignification of hybrid poplar. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1186/s13068-016-0442-0.
Bhalla, Aditya, Bansal, Namita, Stoklosa, Ryan J., Fountain, Mackenzie, Ralph, John, Hodge, David B., & Hegg, Eric L. Effective alkaline metal-catalyzed oxidative delignification of hybrid poplar. United States. doi:10.1186/s13068-016-0442-0.
Bhalla, Aditya, Bansal, Namita, Stoklosa, Ryan J., Fountain, Mackenzie, Ralph, John, Hodge, David B., and Hegg, Eric L. Tue . "Effective alkaline metal-catalyzed oxidative delignification of hybrid poplar". United States. doi:10.1186/s13068-016-0442-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1242360.
@article{osti_1242360,
title = {Effective alkaline metal-catalyzed oxidative delignification of hybrid poplar},
author = {Bhalla, Aditya and Bansal, Namita and Stoklosa, Ryan J. and Fountain, Mackenzie and Ralph, John and Hodge, David B. and Hegg, Eric L.},
abstractNote = {Background: Strategies to improve copper-catalyzed alkaline hydrogen peroxide (Cu-AHP) pretreatment of hybrid poplar were investigated. These improvements included a combination of increasing hydrolysis yields, while simultaneously decreasing process inputs through (i) more efficient utilization of H2O2 and (ii) the addition of an alkaline extraction step prior to the metal-catalyzed AHP pretreatment. We hypothesized that utilizing this improved process could substantially lower the chemical inputs needed during pretreatment. Results: Hybrid poplar was pretreated utilizing a modified process in which an alkaline extraction step was incorporated prior to the Cu-AHP treatment step and H2O2 was added batch-wise over the course of 10 h. Our results revealed that the alkaline pre-extraction step improved both lignin and xylan solubilization, which ultimately led to improved glucose (86 %) and xylose (95 %) yields following enzymatic hydrolysis. An increase in the lignin solubilization was also observed with fed-batch H2O2 addition relative to batch-only addition, which again resulted in increased glucose and xylose yields (77 and 93 % versus 63 and 74 %, respectively). Importantly, combining these strategies led to significantly improved sugar yields (96 % glucose and 94 % xylose) following enzymatic hydrolysis. In addition, we found that we could substantially lower the chemical inputs (enzyme, H2O2, and catalyst), while still maintaining high product yields utilizing the improved Cu-AHP process. This pretreatment also provided a relatively pure lignin stream consisting of ≥90 % Klason lignin and only 3 % xylan and 2 % ash following precipitation. Two-dimensional heteronuclear single-quantum coherence (2D HSQC) NMR and size-exclusion chromatography demonstrated that the solubilized lignin was high molecular weight (Mw ≈ 22,000 Da) and only slightly oxidized relative to lignin from untreated poplar. In conclusion: This study demonstrated that the fed-batch, two-stage Cu-AHP pretreatment process was effective in pretreating hybrid poplar for its conversion into fermentable sugars. Results showed sugar yields near the theoretical maximum were achieved from enzymatically hydrolyzed hybrid poplar by incorporating an alkaline extraction step prior to pretreatment and by efficiently utilizing H2O2 during the Cu-AHP process. Significantly, this study reports high sugar yields from woody biomass treated with an AHP pretreatment under mild reaction conditions.},
doi = {10.1186/s13068-016-0442-0},
journal = {Biotechnology for Biofuels},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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