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Title: Acoustic Tests of Lorentz Symmetry Using Quartz Oscillators

Here we propose and demonstrate a test of Lorentz symmetry based on new, compact, and reliable quartz oscillator technology. Violations of Lorentz invariance in the matter and photon sector of the standard model extension generate anisotropies in particles’ inertial masses and the elastic constants of solids, giving rise to measurable anisotropies in the resonance frequencies of acoustic modes in solids. A first realization of such a “phonon-sector” test of Lorentz symmetry using room-temperature stress-compensated-cut crystals yields 120 h of data at a frequency resolution of 2.4 × 10 -15 and a limit of $$\bar{c}$$ $$n\atop{Q}$$ = (- 1.8 ± 2.2) × 10 -14 GeV on the most weakly constrained neutron-sector c coefficient of the standard model extension. Future experiments with cryogenic oscillators promise significant improvements in accuracy, opening up the potential for improved limits on Lorentz violation in the neutron, proton, electron, and photon sector.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, WA (Australia). ARC Centre of Excellence for Engineered Quantum Systems, School of Physics
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-733821
Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308; PRXHAE; TRN: US1801220
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; CE110001013; DP130100205
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. X
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; Australian Research Council (ARC); David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS
OSTI Identifier:
1239433
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1417960

Lo, Anthony, Haslinger, Philipp, Mizrachi, Eli, Anderegg, Loïc, Müller, Holger, Hohensee, Michael, Goryachev, Maxim, and Tobar, Michael E. Acoustic Tests of Lorentz Symmetry Using Quartz Oscillators. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.6.011018.
Lo, Anthony, Haslinger, Philipp, Mizrachi, Eli, Anderegg, Loïc, Müller, Holger, Hohensee, Michael, Goryachev, Maxim, & Tobar, Michael E. Acoustic Tests of Lorentz Symmetry Using Quartz Oscillators. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.6.011018.
Lo, Anthony, Haslinger, Philipp, Mizrachi, Eli, Anderegg, Loïc, Müller, Holger, Hohensee, Michael, Goryachev, Maxim, and Tobar, Michael E. 2016. "Acoustic Tests of Lorentz Symmetry Using Quartz Oscillators". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.6.011018.
@article{osti_1239433,
title = {Acoustic Tests of Lorentz Symmetry Using Quartz Oscillators},
author = {Lo, Anthony and Haslinger, Philipp and Mizrachi, Eli and Anderegg, Loïc and Müller, Holger and Hohensee, Michael and Goryachev, Maxim and Tobar, Michael E.},
abstractNote = {Here we propose and demonstrate a test of Lorentz symmetry based on new, compact, and reliable quartz oscillator technology. Violations of Lorentz invariance in the matter and photon sector of the standard model extension generate anisotropies in particles’ inertial masses and the elastic constants of solids, giving rise to measurable anisotropies in the resonance frequencies of acoustic modes in solids. A first realization of such a “phonon-sector” test of Lorentz symmetry using room-temperature stress-compensated-cut crystals yields 120 h of data at a frequency resolution of 2.4 × 10-15 and a limit of $\bar{c}$ $n\atop{Q}$ = (- 1.8 ± 2.2) × 10-14 GeV on the most weakly constrained neutron-sector c coefficient of the standard model extension. Future experiments with cryogenic oscillators promise significant improvements in accuracy, opening up the potential for improved limits on Lorentz violation in the neutron, proton, electron, and photon sector.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevX.6.011018},
journal = {Physical Review. X},
number = 1,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}