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Title: Patched bimetallic surfaces are active catalysts for ammonia decomposition

Abstract

In this study, ammonia decomposition is often used as an archetypical reaction for predicting new catalytic materials and understanding the very reason of why some reactions are sensitive on material’s structure. Core–shell or surface-segregated bimetallic nanoparticles expose outstanding activity for many heterogeneously catalysed reactions but the reasons remain elusive owing to the difficulties in experimentally characterizing active sites. Here by performing multiscale simulations in ammonia decomposition on various nickel loadings on platinum (111), we show that the very high activity of core–shell structures requires patches of the guest metal to create and sustain dual active sites: nickel terraces catalyse N-H bond breaking and nickel edge sites drive atomic nitrogen association. The structure sensitivity on these active catalysts depends profoundly on reaction conditions due to kinetically competing relevant elementary reaction steps. We expose a remarkable difference in active sites between transient and steady-state studies and provide insights into optimal material design.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States); Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing (China); Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
  2. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States); Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation (CCEI)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1239294
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-98CH10886; SC0001004
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; chemical sciences; catalysis; materials science; nanotechnology

Citation Formats

Guo, Wei, and Vlachos, Dionisios G. Patched bimetallic surfaces are active catalysts for ammonia decomposition. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms9619.
Guo, Wei, & Vlachos, Dionisios G. Patched bimetallic surfaces are active catalysts for ammonia decomposition. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms9619.
Guo, Wei, and Vlachos, Dionisios G. Wed . "Patched bimetallic surfaces are active catalysts for ammonia decomposition". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms9619. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1239294.
@article{osti_1239294,
title = {Patched bimetallic surfaces are active catalysts for ammonia decomposition},
author = {Guo, Wei and Vlachos, Dionisios G.},
abstractNote = {In this study, ammonia decomposition is often used as an archetypical reaction for predicting new catalytic materials and understanding the very reason of why some reactions are sensitive on material’s structure. Core–shell or surface-segregated bimetallic nanoparticles expose outstanding activity for many heterogeneously catalysed reactions but the reasons remain elusive owing to the difficulties in experimentally characterizing active sites. Here by performing multiscale simulations in ammonia decomposition on various nickel loadings on platinum (111), we show that the very high activity of core–shell structures requires patches of the guest metal to create and sustain dual active sites: nickel terraces catalyse N-H bond breaking and nickel edge sites drive atomic nitrogen association. The structure sensitivity on these active catalysts depends profoundly on reaction conditions due to kinetically competing relevant elementary reaction steps. We expose a remarkable difference in active sites between transient and steady-state studies and provide insights into optimal material design.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms9619},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

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Cited by: 14 works
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