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Title: Extension of structure-reactivity correlations for the hydrogen abstraction reaction by bromine atom and comparison to chlorine atom and hydroxyl radical

Recently we presented structure-reactivity correlations for the gas-phase ambient-temperature rate constants for hydrogen abstraction from sp 3-hybridized carbon by chlorine atom and hydroxyl radical (Cl•/HO• + HCR 3 → HCl/HOH + •CR 3); the reaction enthalpy effect was represented by the independent variable Δ rH and the polar effect by the independent variables F and R, the Hammett constants for field/inductive and resonance effects. Both these reactions are predominantly exothermic and have early transition states. Here we present a parallel treatment for Br• whose reaction is significantly endothermic with a correspondingly late transition state. In spite of lower expectations because the available data base is less extensive and much more scattered and because long temperature extrapolations are often required, the resulting least-squares fit (log k 298,Br = –0.147 Δ rH –4.32 ΣF –4.28 ΣR –12.38 with r 2 = 0.92) was modestly successful and useful for initial predictions. The coefficient of Δ rH was ~4-fold greater, indicative of the change from an early to a late transition state; meanwhile the sizable coefficients of ΣF and ΣR indicate the persistence of the polar effect. Although the mean unsigned deviation of 0.79 log k 298 units is rather large, it must bemore » considered in the context of a total span of over 15 log units in the data set. Lastly, the major outliers are briefly discussed.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. A, Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, and General Theory
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1235833