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Title: Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances

Abstract

Active remote sensing of marine boundary-layer clouds is challenging as drizzle drops often dominate the observed radar reflectivity. We present a new method to simultaneously retrieve cloud and drizzle vertical profiles in drizzling boundary-layer clouds using surface-based observations of radar reflectivity, lidar attenuated backscatter, and zenith radiances under conditions when precipitation does not reach the surface. Specifically, the vertical structure of droplet size and water content of both cloud and drizzle is characterised throughout the cloud. An ensemble optimal estimation approach provides full error statistics given the uncertainty in the observations. To evaluate the new method, we first perform retrievals using synthetic measurements from large-eddy simulation snapshots of cumulus under stratocumulus, where cloud water path is retrieved with an error of 31 g m -2. The method also performs well in non-drizzling clouds where no assumption of the cloud profile is required. We then apply the method to observations of marine stratocumulus obtained during the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement MAGIC deployment in the Northeast Pacific. Here, retrieved cloud water path agrees well with independent three-channel microwave radiometer retrievals, with a root mean square difference of 10–20 g m -2.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Univ. of Reading, Reading (United Kingdom)
  2. NOAA Earth System Research Lab., Boulder, CO (United States)
  3. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  4. Univ. of Reading, Reading (United Kingdom); Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki (Finland)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1198577
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1222959
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0006933; SC0007233; SC0011666; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online); Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1867-8548
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Fielding, M. D., Chiu, J. C., Hogan, R. J., Feingold, G., Eloranta, E., O'Connor, E. J., and Cadeddu, M. P. Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.5194/amt-8-2663-2015.
Fielding, M. D., Chiu, J. C., Hogan, R. J., Feingold, G., Eloranta, E., O'Connor, E. J., & Cadeddu, M. P. Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances. United States. doi:10.5194/amt-8-2663-2015.
Fielding, M. D., Chiu, J. C., Hogan, R. J., Feingold, G., Eloranta, E., O'Connor, E. J., and Cadeddu, M. P. Thu . "Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances". United States. doi:10.5194/amt-8-2663-2015.
@article{osti_1198577,
title = {Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances},
author = {Fielding, M. D. and Chiu, J. C. and Hogan, R. J. and Feingold, G. and Eloranta, E. and O'Connor, E. J. and Cadeddu, M. P.},
abstractNote = {Active remote sensing of marine boundary-layer clouds is challenging as drizzle drops often dominate the observed radar reflectivity. We present a new method to simultaneously retrieve cloud and drizzle vertical profiles in drizzling boundary-layer clouds using surface-based observations of radar reflectivity, lidar attenuated backscatter, and zenith radiances under conditions when precipitation does not reach the surface. Specifically, the vertical structure of droplet size and water content of both cloud and drizzle is characterised throughout the cloud. An ensemble optimal estimation approach provides full error statistics given the uncertainty in the observations. To evaluate the new method, we first perform retrievals using synthetic measurements from large-eddy simulation snapshots of cumulus under stratocumulus, where cloud water path is retrieved with an error of 31 g m-2. The method also performs well in non-drizzling clouds where no assumption of the cloud profile is required. We then apply the method to observations of marine stratocumulus obtained during the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement MAGIC deployment in the Northeast Pacific. Here, retrieved cloud water path agrees well with independent three-channel microwave radiometer retrievals, with a root mean square difference of 10–20 g m-2.},
doi = {10.5194/amt-8-2663-2015},
journal = {Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)},
number = 7,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.5194/amt-8-2663-2015

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
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