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Title: Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of Pure LiFePO 4 and Nanocomposite C- LiFePO 4 Cathodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries

Abstract

Pure lithium iron phosphate ( LiFePO 4 ) and carbon-coated LiFePO 4 (C- LiFePO 4 ) cathode materials were synthesized for Li-ion batteries. Structural and electrochemical properties of these materials were compared. X-ray diffraction revealed orthorhombic olivine structure. Micro-Raman scattering analysis indicates amorphous carbon, and TEM micrographs show carbon coating on LiFePO 4 particles. Ex situ Raman spectrum of C- LiFePO 4 at various stages of charging and discharging showed reversibility upon electrochemical cycling. The cyclic voltammograms of LiFePO 4 and C- LiFePO 4 showed only a pair of peaks corresponding to the anodic and cathodic reactions. The first discharge capacities were 63, 43, and 13 mAh/g for C/5, C/3, and C/2, respectively for LiFePO 4 where as in case of C- LiFePO 4 that were 163, 144, 118, and 70 mAh/g for C/5, C/3, C/2, and 1C, respectively. The capacity retention of pure LiFePO 4 was 69% after 25 cycles where as that of C- LiFePO 4 was around 97% after 50 cycles. These results indicate that the capacity and the rate capability improved significantly upon carbon coating.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Institute for Functional Nanomaterials, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR 00931-3343, USA
  2. Centre of Material Sciences, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, India
  3. Materials Science Center, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302, India
  4. Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR 00680-9016, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1197868
Grant/Contract Number:  
NNX08AB12A
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Nanotechnology Journal Volume: 2009; Journal ID: ISSN 1687-9503
Publisher:
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Kumar, Arun, Thomas, R., Karan, N. K., Saavedra-Arias, J. J., Singh, M. K., Majumder, S. B., Tomar, M. S., and Katiyar, R. S. Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of Pure LiFePO 4 and Nanocomposite C- LiFePO 4 Cathodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries. United Kingdom: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1155/2009/176517.
Kumar, Arun, Thomas, R., Karan, N. K., Saavedra-Arias, J. J., Singh, M. K., Majumder, S. B., Tomar, M. S., & Katiyar, R. S. Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of Pure LiFePO 4 and Nanocomposite C- LiFePO 4 Cathodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries. United Kingdom. doi:10.1155/2009/176517.
Kumar, Arun, Thomas, R., Karan, N. K., Saavedra-Arias, J. J., Singh, M. K., Majumder, S. B., Tomar, M. S., and Katiyar, R. S. Thu . "Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of Pure LiFePO 4 and Nanocomposite C- LiFePO 4 Cathodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries". United Kingdom. doi:10.1155/2009/176517.
@article{osti_1197868,
title = {Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of Pure LiFePO 4 and Nanocomposite C- LiFePO 4 Cathodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries},
author = {Kumar, Arun and Thomas, R. and Karan, N. K. and Saavedra-Arias, J. J. and Singh, M. K. and Majumder, S. B. and Tomar, M. S. and Katiyar, R. S.},
abstractNote = {Pure lithium iron phosphate ( LiFePO 4 ) and carbon-coated LiFePO 4 (C- LiFePO 4 ) cathode materials were synthesized for Li-ion batteries. Structural and electrochemical properties of these materials were compared. X-ray diffraction revealed orthorhombic olivine structure. Micro-Raman scattering analysis indicates amorphous carbon, and TEM micrographs show carbon coating on LiFePO 4 particles. Ex situ Raman spectrum of C- LiFePO 4 at various stages of charging and discharging showed reversibility upon electrochemical cycling. The cyclic voltammograms of LiFePO 4 and C- LiFePO 4 showed only a pair of peaks corresponding to the anodic and cathodic reactions. The first discharge capacities were 63, 43, and 13 mAh/g for C/5, C/3, and C/2, respectively for LiFePO 4 where as in case of C- LiFePO 4 that were 163, 144, 118, and 70 mAh/g for C/5, C/3, C/2, and 1C, respectively. The capacity retention of pure LiFePO 4 was 69% after 25 cycles where as that of C- LiFePO 4 was around 97% after 50 cycles. These results indicate that the capacity and the rate capability improved significantly upon carbon coating.},
doi = {10.1155/2009/176517},
journal = {Journal of Nanotechnology},
number = ,
volume = 2009,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2009},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1155/2009/176517

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