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Title: HESFIRE: a global fire model to explore the role of anthropogenic and weather drivers

Abstract

Vegetation fires are a major driver of ecosystem dynamics and greenhouse gas emissions. Anticipating potential changes in fire activity and their impacts relies first on a realistic model of fire activity (e.g., fire incidence and interannual variability) and second on a model accounting for fire impacts (e.g., mortality and emissions). In this paper, we focus on our understanding of fire activity and describe a new fire model, HESFIRE (Human–Earth System FIRE), which integrates the influence of weather, vegetation characteristics, and human activities on fires in a stand-alone framework. It was developed with a particular emphasis on allowing fires to spread over consecutive days given their major contribution to burned areas in many ecosystems. A subset of the model parameters was calibrated through an optimization procedure using observation data to enhance our knowledge of regional drivers of fire activity and improve the performance of the model on a global scale. Modeled fire activity showed reasonable agreement with observations of burned area, fire seasonality, and interannual variability in many regions, including for spatial and temporal domains not included in the optimization procedure. Significant discrepancies are investigated, most notably regarding fires in boreal regions and in xeric ecosystems and also fire size distribution.more » The sensitivity of fire activity to model parameters is analyzed to explore the dominance of specific drivers across regions and ecosystems. The characteristics of HESFIRE and the outcome of its evaluation provide insights into the influence of anthropogenic activities and weather, and their interactions, on fire activity.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Integrated Assessment Research Program
OSTI Identifier:
1184931
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-107843
Journal ID: ISSN 1726-4189; KP1703030; 600306000; 600306000
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biogeosciences (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Biogeosciences (Online); Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1726-4189
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; vegetation fire model, fire ignition/spread/termination; anthropogenic activities; weather; model optimization; model evaluation

Citation Formats

Le Page, Yannick LB, Morton, Douglas, Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin, Pereira, Jose M., and Hurtt, George C. HESFIRE: a global fire model to explore the role of anthropogenic and weather drivers. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.5194/bg-12-887-2015.
Le Page, Yannick LB, Morton, Douglas, Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin, Pereira, Jose M., & Hurtt, George C. HESFIRE: a global fire model to explore the role of anthropogenic and weather drivers. United States. doi:10.5194/bg-12-887-2015.
Le Page, Yannick LB, Morton, Douglas, Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin, Pereira, Jose M., and Hurtt, George C. Fri . "HESFIRE: a global fire model to explore the role of anthropogenic and weather drivers". United States. doi:10.5194/bg-12-887-2015. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1184931.
@article{osti_1184931,
title = {HESFIRE: a global fire model to explore the role of anthropogenic and weather drivers},
author = {Le Page, Yannick LB and Morton, Douglas and Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin and Pereira, Jose M. and Hurtt, George C.},
abstractNote = {Vegetation fires are a major driver of ecosystem dynamics and greenhouse gas emissions. Anticipating potential changes in fire activity and their impacts relies first on a realistic model of fire activity (e.g., fire incidence and interannual variability) and second on a model accounting for fire impacts (e.g., mortality and emissions). In this paper, we focus on our understanding of fire activity and describe a new fire model, HESFIRE (Human–Earth System FIRE), which integrates the influence of weather, vegetation characteristics, and human activities on fires in a stand-alone framework. It was developed with a particular emphasis on allowing fires to spread over consecutive days given their major contribution to burned areas in many ecosystems. A subset of the model parameters was calibrated through an optimization procedure using observation data to enhance our knowledge of regional drivers of fire activity and improve the performance of the model on a global scale. Modeled fire activity showed reasonable agreement with observations of burned area, fire seasonality, and interannual variability in many regions, including for spatial and temporal domains not included in the optimization procedure. Significant discrepancies are investigated, most notably regarding fires in boreal regions and in xeric ecosystems and also fire size distribution. The sensitivity of fire activity to model parameters is analyzed to explore the dominance of specific drivers across regions and ecosystems. The characteristics of HESFIRE and the outcome of its evaluation provide insights into the influence of anthropogenic activities and weather, and their interactions, on fire activity.},
doi = {10.5194/bg-12-887-2015},
journal = {Biogeosciences (Online)},
number = 3,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {2}
}

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