skip to main content


Title: Composite WO 3/TiO 2 nanostructures for high electrochromic activity

A composite material consisting of TiO 2 nanotubes (NT) with WO 3 electrodeposited on its surface has been fabricated, detached from its Ti substrate, and attached to a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) film on glass for application to electrochromic (EC) reactions. Several adhesion layers were tested, finding that a paste of TiO 2 made from commercially available TiO 2 nanoparticles creates an interface for the TiO 2 NT film to attach to the FTO glass, which is conductive and does not cause solution-phase ions in an electrolyte to bind irreversibly with the material. The effect of NT length and WO 3 concentration on the EC performance were studied. As a result, the composite WO 3/TiO 2 nanostructures showed higher ion storage capacity, better stability, enhanced EC contrast, and longer memory time compared with the pure WO 3 and TiO 2 materials
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244; 533877
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; electrochromism; reflectance devices; TiO2 nanotubes; WO3 nanostructures; Ti anodization; WO3 electrodeposition; composites
OSTI Identifier: