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Title: Stoichiometry dependence of potential screening at La ( 1 - δ ) Al ( 1 + δ ) O 3 / SrTiO 3 interfaces

Hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) and variable kinetic energy x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (VKE-XPS) analyses have been performed on ten-unit-cell-thick La (1-δ)Al (1+δ)O₃ films, with La:Al ratios of 1.1, 1.0, and 0.9, deposited on SrTiO₃. Only Al-rich films are known to have a conductive interface. VKE-XPS, coupled with maximum entropy analysis, shows significant differences in the compositional depth profile among the Al-rich, La-rich, and stoichiometric films: significant La enrichment at the interface is observed in the La-rich and stoichiometric films, while the Al-rich film shows little to no intermixing. Additionally, the La-rich and stoichiometric films show a high concentration of Al at the surface, which is not observed in the Al-rich film. HAXPES valence band (VB) analysis shows a broadening of the VB for the Al-rich sample relative to the stoichiometric and La-rich samples. This broadening is consistent with an electric field across the Al-rich film. These results are consistent with a defect-driven electronic reconstruction.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-98CH10886
Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Journal Volume: 91 Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1177475

Weiland, Conan, Sterbinsky, George E., Rumaiz, Abdul K., Hellberg, C. Stephen, Woicik, Joseph C., Zhu, Shaobo, and Schlom, Darrell G.. Stoichiometry dependence of potential screening at La ( 1 - δ ) Al ( 1 + δ ) O 3 / SrTiO 3 interfaces. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.165103.
Weiland, Conan, Sterbinsky, George E., Rumaiz, Abdul K., Hellberg, C. Stephen, Woicik, Joseph C., Zhu, Shaobo, & Schlom, Darrell G.. Stoichiometry dependence of potential screening at La ( 1 - δ ) Al ( 1 + δ ) O 3 / SrTiO 3 interfaces. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.165103.
Weiland, Conan, Sterbinsky, George E., Rumaiz, Abdul K., Hellberg, C. Stephen, Woicik, Joseph C., Zhu, Shaobo, and Schlom, Darrell G.. 2015. "Stoichiometry dependence of potential screening at La ( 1 - δ ) Al ( 1 + δ ) O 3 / SrTiO 3 interfaces". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.165103.
@article{osti_1177475,
title = {Stoichiometry dependence of potential screening at La ( 1 - δ ) Al ( 1 + δ ) O 3 / SrTiO 3 interfaces},
author = {Weiland, Conan and Sterbinsky, George E. and Rumaiz, Abdul K. and Hellberg, C. Stephen and Woicik, Joseph C. and Zhu, Shaobo and Schlom, Darrell G.},
abstractNote = {Hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) and variable kinetic energy x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (VKE-XPS) analyses have been performed on ten-unit-cell-thick La(1-δ)Al(1+δ)O₃ films, with La:Al ratios of 1.1, 1.0, and 0.9, deposited on SrTiO₃. Only Al-rich films are known to have a conductive interface. VKE-XPS, coupled with maximum entropy analysis, shows significant differences in the compositional depth profile among the Al-rich, La-rich, and stoichiometric films: significant La enrichment at the interface is observed in the La-rich and stoichiometric films, while the Al-rich film shows little to no intermixing. Additionally, the La-rich and stoichiometric films show a high concentration of Al at the surface, which is not observed in the Al-rich film. HAXPES valence band (VB) analysis shows a broadening of the VB for the Al-rich sample relative to the stoichiometric and La-rich samples. This broadening is consistent with an electric field across the Al-rich film. These results are consistent with a defect-driven electronic reconstruction.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.91.165103},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
number = 16,
volume = 91,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {4}
}

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