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Synthetic fuels and fusion

Journal Article:

Abstract

The decreasing availability of fossil fuels emphasizes the need to develop systems which will produce synthetic fuel to substitute for and supplement the natural supply. An important first step in the synthesis of liquid and gaseous fuels is the production of hydrogen. Thermonuclear fusion offers an inexhaustible source of energy for the production of hydrogen from water. Depending on design, electric generation efficiencies of approx. equal to 40-60% and hydrogen production efficiencies by high temperature electrolysis of approx. equal to 50-70% are projected for fusion reactors using high temperature blankets. Fusion/coal symbiotic systems appear economically promising for the first generation of commercial fusion synfuels plants. Coal production requirements and the environmental effects of large-scale coal usage would be greatly reduced by a fusion/coal system. In the long-term, there could be a gradual transition to an inexhaustible energy system based solely on fusion.
Authors:
Fillo, J A; Powell, J; Steinberg, M [1] 
  1. Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1981
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
AIX-13-651965; ERA-07-024431; EDB-82-055081
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nucl. Eng. Des.; (Netherlands); Journal Volume: 63:2
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; COAL; GASIFICATION; HYDROGEN; ELECTROLYSIS; SYNTHETIC FUELS; PROCESS HEAT; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; ELECTROLYTIC CELLS; FORECASTING; PRODUCTION; REVIEWS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTIONS; VERY HIGH TEMPERATURE; WATER; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; DOCUMENT TYPES; ELEMENTS; ENERGY; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; HEAT; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; LYSIS; MATERIALS; NONMETALS; NUCLEAR REACTIONS; NUCLEOSYNTHESIS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; 080101* - Hydrogen- Production- Electrolysis; 010400 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Processing; 700200 - Fusion Energy- Fusion Power Plant Technology
OSTI ID:
5703164
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: NEDEA
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 331-355
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Fillo, J A, Powell, J, and Steinberg, M. Synthetic fuels and fusion. Netherlands: N. p., 1981. Web.
Fillo, J A, Powell, J, & Steinberg, M. Synthetic fuels and fusion. Netherlands.
Fillo, J A, Powell, J, and Steinberg, M. 1981. "Synthetic fuels and fusion." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_5703164,
title = {Synthetic fuels and fusion}
author = {Fillo, J A, Powell, J, and Steinberg, M}
abstractNote = {The decreasing availability of fossil fuels emphasizes the need to develop systems which will produce synthetic fuel to substitute for and supplement the natural supply. An important first step in the synthesis of liquid and gaseous fuels is the production of hydrogen. Thermonuclear fusion offers an inexhaustible source of energy for the production of hydrogen from water. Depending on design, electric generation efficiencies of approx. equal to 40-60% and hydrogen production efficiencies by high temperature electrolysis of approx. equal to 50-70% are projected for fusion reactors using high temperature blankets. Fusion/coal symbiotic systems appear economically promising for the first generation of commercial fusion synfuels plants. Coal production requirements and the environmental effects of large-scale coal usage would be greatly reduced by a fusion/coal system. In the long-term, there could be a gradual transition to an inexhaustible energy system based solely on fusion.}
journal = {Nucl. Eng. Des.; (Netherlands)}
volume = {63:2}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1981}
month = {Mar}
}