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Title: Injector nozzle for molten salt destruction of energetic waste materials

An injector nozzle has been designed for safely injecting energetic waste materials, such as high explosives, propellants, and rocket fuels, into a molten salt reactor in a molten salt destruction process without premature detonation or back burn in the injection system. The energetic waste material is typically diluted to form a fluid fuel mixture that is injected rapidly into the reactor. A carrier gas used in the nozzle serves as a carrier for the fuel mixture, and further dilutes the energetic material and increases its injection velocity into the reactor. The injector nozzle is cooled to keep the fuel mixture below the decomposition temperature to prevent spontaneous detonation of the explosive materials before contact with the high-temperature molten salt bath.
Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. (Livermore, CA)
  2. (Pleasanton, CA)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
870294
Assignee:
Regents of University of California (Oakland, CA) LLNL
Patent Number(s):
US 5491280
Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
injector; nozzle; molten; salt; destruction; energetic; waste; materials; designed; safely; injecting; explosives; propellants; rocket; fuels; reactor; process; premature; detonation; burn; injection; material; typically; diluted; form; fluid; fuel; mixture; injected; rapidly; carrier; gas; serves; dilutes; increases; velocity; cooled; below; decomposition; temperature; prevent; spontaneous; explosive; contact; high-temperature; bath; salt bath; explosive material; carrier gas; waste material; molten salt; waste materials; fuel mixture; decomposition temperature; salt destruction; energetic waste; fluid fuel; rocket fuels; explosive materials; injector nozzle; temperature molten; energetic material; rocket fuel; destruction process; /588/

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